ays close.

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. It sounds as though it is most likely to be an allergic reaction possibly to an insect bite or sting. I would recommend having a health check by your vet in any case just to rule out an underlying dermatitis.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Paraphimosis, the inability to completely reduce the penis into the preputial cavity, most commonly occurs in a dog after manual semen collection, less commonly after coitus. The skin at the preputial orifice becomes inverted, trapping the extruded penis and impairing venous drainage.
Balanoposthitis = inflammation of the penis & prepuce (the sheath of skin that covers the penis). The causes include: injuries, bacterial microbe infections, phimosis (constriction of the prepuce opening so that the prepuce cannot be drawn back to expose the penis), & tumors.
Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce (Balanoposthitis)

There are several causes of more severe balanoposthitis, including allergies, trauma, foreign objects, bacterial infection, cancer, urinary tract stones, and phimosis (a condition in which the prepuce cannot be drawn back to expose the penis).

Paraphimosis Symptoms

Common signs of paraphimosis include: A larger than usual portion of the dog`s penis is visible. Your dog`s erection is not going away. The penis is definitely swollen.

Priapism is a persistent penile erection lasting longer than 4 hours, without sexual stimulation. Priapism is categorized as either nonischemic (arterial, high flow) or ischemic (veno-occlusive, low flow).
Prognosis. With proper treatment, the outlook is usually very good. In most cases, an acute paronychia heals within 5 to 10 days with no permanent damage to the nail. Rarely, very severe cases may progress to osteomyelitis (a bone infection) of the finger or toe.
Balanitis is an inflammation of the glans penis (head of the penis); it is fairly common and affects approximately 3-11% of males during their lifetime. Posthitis is an inflammation of the foreskin (prepuce). Balanoposthitis involves both the glans and the foreskin and occurs in approximately 6% of uncircumcised males.
Balanoposthitis can present as penile pain, pruritus, discharge, erythema, rash, or inconsolable crying. By definition, this only presents in uncircumcised boys. It can be more common in patients with poor hygiene.
In the early stages of a yeast infection, the skin begins to turn pink or red. When dealing with chronic yeast infections, the skin may become leathery, thick, and gray or black. Greasy skin. The skin can become greasy or excessively oily.
An enlarged prostate in dogs is a common problem that can occur in any breed of dog but is most commonly seen in older male dogs. There are a number of different causes of an enlarged prostate, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostatic cysts, prostate cancer and prostatic infections.
The word ataxia means incoordination within the nervous system. The abnormal movement can occur in the legs, the head, the torso, or all three. There are several different forms of ataxia, depending on where in the nervous system the abnormality occurs.
High-flow priapism is a persistent erection caused by unregulated cavernous arterial inflow. Although more commonly caused by blunt perineal or penile trauma, it is a rare complication of SCI. The proportion of male patients with priapism post-SCI is unclear because of the scarcity of reported cases in the literature.
Pain, swelling, and an inability to retract the foreskin are the main symptoms. Paraphimosis can usually be resolved manually. If not, minor surgical treatment may help. Personal hygiene can go a long way towards preventing paraphimosis.
You can use your fingers to stretch the foreskin, that is if your fingers can fit inside the foreskin. Place your fingers back to back on either side of the foreskin, gently stretch the skin by pulling in opposite directions, then relax and repeat. Your fingers must be clean while doing these stretching exercises.
Posthitis is inflammation of your foreskin. Causes include poor hygiene, bacterial infections, fungal infections, allergies and sexually transmitted infections. Symptoms include pain, swelling and discoloration. Your healthcare provider can diagnose posthitis and recommend treatment.
Balanitis is not an STD (sexually transmitted disease) but, certain STDs and infections can cause balanitis and balanoposthitis such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, human papillomavirus (HPV), trichomonas, syphilis, yeast infections (Candida), and streptococcus infections.
Causes of balanitis

Balanitis can be caused by: poor hygiene, leading to a build-up of smegma irritation under the foreskin caused by pee. soaps, shower gels, and other skin irritants.

Most people with balanitis recover with treatment. For people who have foreskin, it`s common for balanitis to return after treatment. The risk increases if you don`t clean under your foreskin regularly.
Antibiotics like amoxicillin can be used to treat bacterial balanitis infections by reducing their severity. It may also provide relief from painful symptoms. Antihistamines can help reduce the severity of balanitis caused by allergies. This medicine can also alleviate secondary symptoms like itching and swelling.
“If you`re not responding, it`s important to see a urologist to rule out other conditions that might look like a yeast infection,” Dr. Malik says. This can include issues like sexually transmitted infections (STIs), chronic skin conditions like psoriasis, and, rarely, penile cancer.
An Excellent Probiotic For Their Gut

If that was not enough, the probiotics found in yogurts can help your dog to fight yeast infections, which can result in ear and skin problems. Furthermore, probiotics may help your dog`s body to absorb nutrients and boost immunity.

Initial symptoms can include:

malaise. anorexia. headache. pain in muscles, joint, and/or back.

Canine Brucellosis is a disease found in dogs and caused by the bacterium, Brucella canis. Infected dogs can also spread the disease to people.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. 1 year old male, chronic random inflammation, inside of the right hind leg near penis. Usually happens for an hour then goes away. Cries, stays close.
ANSWER : A. It sounds as though it is most likely to be an allergic reaction possibly to an insect bite or sting. I would recommend having a health check by your vet in any case just to rule out an underlying dermatitis.

Read Full Q/A … : Epididymitis – Wikipedia

Q. My puppy has a hard time staying by herself, she cries and chews her crate. How can I make her more comfortable being alone?
ANSWER : A. Crate training is an extremely slow process, so you should be taking baby steps:

First, lure her into the crate with high value treats and close the crate door, then toss several treats inside the crate. During this process do not make eye contact, speak to, or hand-feed her. Toss in more treats and stand up. Then, toss in some more treats and take one step away. Return to the crate, toss more and take a few steps away. Return, toss treats, take 5 steps away. Return, toss treats, take 3 steps away. The key is to randomly change up the length of time you are gone, slowly adding and subtracting seconds. Slowly work your way out of sight. Then, quickly return, and walk out of sight but stay out of sight a few seconds. Return, toss treats, walk out of sight a few more seconds, etc. Take it slowly.

Finally, when you let her out ignore her, don’t make a big deal of it.

Read Full Q/A … : If Your Dog Hates His Crate

Q. Male neutered cat [1 1/2 years old] has just started trying to spray everywhere around the house. Nothing is coming out. No recent changes.
ANSWER : A. Changes in urinary habits can be caused by a number of things, especially in neutered male cats. Attempting to urinate or have accidents in places other than the litter box can often be a sign of a urinary tract infection, or crystals and debris in the bladder causing problems. Pets may need to go more frequently, may dribble or urinate in small amounts more often, may have accidents or may have blood-tinged or cloudy urine.Infections are usually treated with medications and changes to the diet, however in some cases of large stones or crystals surgery may be needed.

Male cats can also experience urinary blockage. This is due to a unique anatomical part or the urethra that forms a U-shape before exiting the body in male cats. If a cat has crystals or other debris in the urine, it can block at this point preventing urine from being able to exit. Cats may attempt to urinate without producing anything, may become very vocal (indicating pain) or may have a hunched back, full abdomen or pain in the abdomen (protecting the very full bladder). Urinary blockage IS a medical emergency so if suspected, your vet or local emergency clinic should be contacted immediately. Treatment usually involves a hospital stay and catheterization of the bladder to remove the blockage and allow urine to drain followed by medications and a change in diet to prevent further problems.

It is best to try and collect a sample of urine and make an appointment for your cat if he has had a change in urinary habits. If you do suspect a blockage, then contact your vet ASAP is best.

Q. I have a 13 1/2 year old Shih Tzu. How old is he in dog years?
ANSWER : A. It’s used to be that dog years were 7 years to every 1. Now it normally around 5 years to every year as long as your dog is healthy and kept up with vaccines. So he’s about 68ish in dog years.

Read Full Q/A … : Shih Tzu Age

Q. I have 2 male cats 1 is 10 year’s old and the other is 1 year old they both have been fix and have all there shorts the 1 year old wants to bit
ANSWER : A. Your question got cut off; please re-post or request a consult if you require advice on a specific query

Q. My 1 year old yorkie woke up this morning with spasms in his hind legs. He is not in any pain, and is running around. Not as much as usual but he
ANSWER : A. Spasms or problems with the hind legs can be caused by a number of things ranging from minor sprains and strains, to injuries of the nerves, back or muscles connected to the hind legs. If the spasm has not occurred before, keeping your dog quiet and resting for a day or two may help him to recover from a minor injury. However if the spasms continue, worsen, or begin to cause him pain or distress then seeking veterinary care is a good idea.

Q. My cat is pooping outside of the litter bix. He is 2 1/2. He did this as a kitten. It stopped then started about 3 months ago. Litterbox is clean.
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination or house soiling can be a frustrating problem but with a bit of detective work on your part, there is hope. First, before deciding that this is a behavioral issue, any medical problems (diarrhea, constipation, fecal incontinence, pain on defecation, etc.) need to be ruled out and/or treated. If your cat receives a clean bill of health from your vet but is still eliminating outside the litterbox, then we need to consider that something about the box itself might be aversive to your cat. Cats can be quite finicky about their litterbox and toileting habits. Below I have listed common recommendations and cat preferences for litterbox use. Review the list and make any changes that could account for your cat’s aversion to defecating in the litterbox:
* Soft, fine-grained clumping litter (vs, coarse-grained, non-clumping litter)
* Unscented
* 1 – 1 1/2 inch depth (especially older cats or cats with hip problems)
* Larger pans (especially for large cats) – want to get whole body inside – poop just outside the box might mean the box is too small
* Open, non-hooded
* At least one shallow side to get in and out easily
* Easy to get to – not hidden away, preferably in areas they spend time in or near – and not near appliances that make scary, unpredictable noises (washers, dryers, refrigerators)
* Scoop minimum 1X/day – preferably 2
* Clean the litterbox with soap and water and put in fresh scoopable litter at least once/month (instead of just continuously adding)
* Some cats prefer to urinate in one box and defecate in a separate box, so you may need 2 boxes even if you just have 1 cat. Multi-cat households should have 1 box/cat plus 1 extra.

Q. My 13 year old male cat is acting lethargic & doesn’t seem to be feeling well. I don’t know what’s wrong except that he has fleas. Can too many fleas
ANSWER : A. Excessive fleas can cause anemia in cats, left untreated, this can be life-threatening. I recommend getting your cat seen by your vet right away for his illness. For every flea you see on your pet, there are 100 more in the environment. Get your pet on a good topical or oral flea control through your vet. In flea control, you get what you pay for. Consider asking your vet for a dose of Capstar. It helps get the problem under control by killing the fleas on the pet starting in five minutes but only lasts for 24 hours.

You need to treat your home. If you use a pest control service, tell them you are having a flea problem and they can adjust their treatment. Use a premise spray that also contains an IGR, insect growth regulator. This keeps eggs and larvae from maturing into adults and helps break the life cycle. Also, vacuum EVERY DAY, throwing out the bag or emptying the canister every time into an outside receptacle and spraying the contents with insecticide to kill the fleas you’ve vacuumed up.

Treat your yard, since fleas will hop a ride into your home on your pant leg without you knowing it. Concentrate on areas under bushes, in the shade. Fleas are less likely to be located in open sunny areas where it gets hot.

If chemicals are a problem, you can use borax. Sprinkle it into rugs, into corners and under furniture, use a broom to work it into the fibers and let it sit for hours, days even. It won’t hurt you or your pet. Then vacuum it up, reapply as needed. Food grade diatomaceous earth can be gotten from a health food store and worked into the rugs and corners in the same way. These treatments aren’t as fast and effective as chemical insecticides but they can help.

Be patient, you may have to repeat these steps multiple times 10-14 days apart to help break the flea life cycle.