Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Could be just arthritis. It’s definitely something that is causing him pain. I would take to the vets to get some pain relief to help.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

When a dog yelps for no apparent reason, it may be due to neck or back pain, which is common in canines. These issues could be a result of degenerative diseases, injuries, or infections. Dogs with neck or back pain may yelp when jumping, walking, or lying down.
If you wondering “Why does my dog cry in his sleep?”, he`s probably dreaming about events that occurred earlier that day, and it`s nothing to worry about. Dogs go through similar sleep cycles that we do, so if they`re in a deep sleep cycle, it`s unsafe to wake them.
Vestibular disease is the main reason why an older dog may experience a sudden loss of balance and an inability to stand or walk normally.
It could be a broken or fractured bone, a toothache, arthritis, ear infection or cancer. These are only a few of the conditions that can cause your dog to be in pain. Recognizing that your dog is feeling pain is the first step to figuring out what is wrong and getting them the help they need.
Syringomyelia (SM) is defined as a condition that results in the development of fluid-containing cavities within the parenchyma of the spinal cord as a consequence of abnormal cerebrospinal fluid movement through the foramen magnum (1).
When our furry friends are in pain they tend to be more vocal. A hurt dog may express their pain either through whining, whimpering, yelping, growling, and even howling.
If by crying we mean whimpering, howling, mewling or whining, then yes, dogs most certainly do cry. But only in humans are tears mysteriously connected to our hearts and brains.
Signs To Look For

Some common signs that it may be time to put your pup down include the inability or refusal to eat or drink, labored breathing, an inability to get up for potty times without help, urinary or fecal incontinence, and immobility. Essentially, this can come down to your dog`s quality of life.

In addition to being less active, many dogs at this age begin to develop digestive issues, kidney problems and other conditions that can benefit from diet modification. Only your veterinarian can accurately assess your dog`s needs.
What are the typical signs of pain in dogs? General behaviour: Shaking, flattened ears, low posture, aggression, grumpy temperament, panting or crying, excessive licking or scratching a specific area, reluctant to play, interact or exercise, lameness (limping), stiffness after rest, loss of appetite.
Phantom pain is caused by tissue, nerves and/or muscles being injured, resulting in chronic pain. It`s as if the pet can still feel pain in a limb that is no longer there. Symptoms of this include twitching of the skin, chewing the affected area, vocalizing, urinating and defecating inappropriately, loss of appetite.
Syringomyelia can produce a variety of symptoms including phantom scratching and licking, weakness in the limbs, difficulty with coordination, and trouble walking.
Syringomyelia is usually slowly progressive, but rapid onset can occur. Common symptoms include pain in the neck and shoulders. Pain may also affect the arms and hands and may be described as a burning, tingling or piercing sensation.
Spinal strokes occur suddenly, often occurring during physical activity like jumping or running around. Typically, the first sign is a sudden yelp followed by a dog losing the ability to walk.
In these conditions, a dog may be unable to stand, have a head tilt, or have eyes that are rapidly moving back and forth. However, unlike some seizures, the dog will be alert and responsive to you. Signs of vestibular disease or stroke may also last for days, and seizures typically last for a few seconds or minutes.
Dogs can cry in one of two ways: vocally, in a way that tugs at our heartstrings, and with tears. When it comes to those sad-sounding noises, your pooch is most likely trying to express excitement, frustration, anxiety or pain.
Yelping. When dogs let out a sharp yelp, they likely experienced some kind of physical pain. This often happens when someone accidentally steps on a paw or you`re playing too rough. If your dog yelps when being petted, they may have gotten injured when playing outside or with other dogs.
A dog who has separation anxiety might bark or howl when left alone or when separated from his guardian. This kind of barking or howling is persistent and doesn`t seem to be triggered by anything except being left alone.
14 years old can generally be considered old for a dog. A small dog is considered old when they`re 11, a medium dog is considered old when they`re 10, and a large dog is considered old when they`re 8.
According to the UC Davis Book of Dogs, small-breed dogs (such as small terriers) become geriatric at about 11 years; medium-breed dogs (such as larger spaniels) at 10 years; large-breed dogs (such as German Shepherd Dogs) at 8 years; and giant-breed dogs (such as Great Danes) at 7 years.
Even if your dog is considered senior, you`ll still want to give them at least 30 minutes of daily exercise. Because of their age, exercise might need to become shorter but it`s still necessary to make sure they`re getting the required stimulation. Choose low-impact activities. Go on walks, not runs.
Take a new approach to exercise

“In fact,” she says, “I would encourage shorter, but more frequent, exercises over a long exercise duration for most senior dogs—for example, a 10-15-minute walk in the morning, a 10-minute walk in the afternoon, and a 20-30-minute walk in the evening.

The most challenging time of raising a puppy is the adolescent period. Dogs become “teenagers” and seem to forget everything they have ever been taught. This period is individual to each dog, but it may begin when he`s about eight months old and continue until he`s two years old.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. 14 yr old Maltese x Shih-tsu has sudden random episodes of yelping while lying down. Started 2-3days ago lasts for a few secs & becomin more frequent
ANSWER : A. Could be just arthritis. It’s definitely something that is causing him pain. I would take to the vets to get some pain relief to help.

Q. I have a 9 week old kitten. At what age do they start spraying? We have a 12 yr old cat that has sprayed a door, I think. Could it be the kitten?
ANSWER : A. It is not unusual for an established house cat to start acting out once there is a change in his environment. In this case, the new kitten could be a stressor for the older cat as he tries to get used to the new change of an added house member. To answer your question, cats generally do not start spraying until the are around 5-6 months old.

Q. 5 Yr old female cat change in behavior last 2 mos: hides, sleeps all the time, meows when touched, decrease appetite; last 1-2 wks wobbley.
ANSWER : A. While I think neurologic disease is certainly a concern based on what you’re describing, and should be ruled out with a good neuro exam (full examination of spinal reflexes and cranial nerves), a cat that sleeps all the time and is wobbly could have many things going on. What you’re describing sounds like generalized weakness to me, and that could be caused by heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, anemia (lots of causes to this) or metabolic/hormonal conditions like diabetes. Often cats “look” neurologic when in fact they’re just really weak.

However, as far as specific neurologic conditions that might cause what you’re seeing, chronic ear infections or a polyp in the inner or middle ear can affect the vestibular nerve and affect balance, some drugs if used long term (metronidazole) can cause it as well. Other things include intervertebral disk disease (slipped disk), cancer in the spinal cord, thiamine deficiency (not a problem if your cat eats a commercially-prepared diet) and feline infectious peritonitis.

Unfortunately the only way to start figuring out what’s going on is likely with lab work (complete blood count, chemistry panel, and urinalysis) and x-rays for starters (likely of the spine). And as I said above a good neuro exam is critical to starting to figure out whether it’s a neuro problem or not. Your vet will possibly recommend other tests based on the initial results. If you’d like to consult further about exactly what’s going on with your cat select the “consult” button.

Q. I just adopted a 6 yr old female blue Russian mix, she has had all her shot but I noticed she started sneezing frequently and there’s clear discharge.
ANSWER : A. Chronic upper respiratory infections are common in cats, and flare-ups can occur at times of stress. Hopefully this will clear up on its own, but bring her to the vet if she starts to act lethargic or lose her appetite, if the discharge looks white, yellow, or green instead of clear, or if she starts having labored breathing or breathing with her mouth open. Ask your vet whether L-Lysine might help prevent future outbreaks.

Q. My cocker spaniel is 9 years old. He has involuntary bowel movements (little drops) very frequently, especially when he is asleep.
ANSWER : A. Is your dog on a senior dog food? I would get your dog on a high quality high protien dog food. Ask a pet store assosicate or your regular vet for a food recommendation. When you buy a better food the dog will have to eat less to get the same amount of energy from the food. The dog has to eat more of the cheaper foods to get the energy it needs from it. Meaning more poop and buying more food. So the cost really evens out. So the lessen your dogs bowel movements get on a better senior dog food. Next talk to your vet they may have a recommendation. If you switch dogs do it slowly by mixing the foods. Start with 10% new 90% old mixed for at least a week until you have switched to 100% new 0% old. Senior foods have more fiber to help with bowel movements. Take the dog outside to go potty more frequently, right before bed time.

Read Full Q/A … : Symptoms Questions & Answers

Q. We have a 3 yr old Weiner dog, she is having pus in her eyes, I took her to the vet he gave me derma vet ointment, used it as the doctor prescribed
ANSWER : A. If the pus really isn’t all that bad, and it’s just some discharge, your pup may benefit from a diet change. It could be that the food you’re feeding just isn’t right for your dog, and that’s okay! Dogs grow and change over time, and now that your dog is fully matured, a diet change may be in order. Try something like Taste of the Wild, maybe a grain free dog food, Orijen, or Ziwipeak. These are all really great food options.

If the pus is really bad, and continues to get worse, see your vet again and let them know what’s going on. Maybe you could try a diet change, and then see if there are any improvements.

Remember, you should always gradually change a dogs diet. By gradually, I mean you put a tiny bit of new kibble in with a bowl of the old kibble. Reduce the old kibble by just a few bits of kibble. Throughout the course of at least two weeks (or as long as you want depending on whether or not you want to finish off the old food) you slowly add more of the new kibble while removing some of the old kibble. This makes the process gradual, and won’t cause any tummy-upset in your dog.

Q. I have 8 week old mini Poodles, I wanted to start them out on grain free and to use Innova grain free Natures Table, is this okay?
ANSWER : A. If the food is formulated for puppies, then it should be find to give. There should be an AAFCO statement that states “for growth” or “for all stages of life” to indicate that it is OK to feed puppies during growth. If your puppies are currently on another food, be sure to gradually switch them over a period of about a week to prevent digestive upset. (Starting with a few days of 25new/75 old, then 50/50, then 75/new/25 old before finally all new food) If your puppies are starting on solid food, then moistening larger kibbles can help make it easier for them to eat.

Read Full Q/A … : Dog Feeding Tips

Q. My dog experiences extreme pain when jumping up on the bed or into the car.Sometimes when he launches into a run or gets excited he will yelp. Pano?
ANSWER : A. I’d agree that panosteitis is unlikely in a 2 year old dog, however it is possible. Luckily it’s pretty easy to diagnose. The pain is extremely obvious when the long bones are palpated from middle to almost end. Classically, the dog will be standing as you press along the bone, and then you’ll get to the spot with the lesion, and the dog will yelp in pain, or try to bite you. So I think if your dog had pano, you’d know it, and your vet would have figured it out.

If your dog has been through rigorous diagnostics like x-rays and blood work and no cause has been found, I think (unfortunately) it’s time to see a specialist. I’m really suspicious of a spinal problem, as they can be really difficult to find with routine examination and x-rays. A veterinary neurologist can perform a full neuro exam to look for deficits, and then if findings point to a possible spinal issue suggest imaging, possibly an MRI. In a dog as young as yours if nothing obvious has been found I suspect it’s in the spinal area. GSDs are predisposed to lumbosacral stenosis, so that’s where I’d start looking. Good luck.

Read Full Q/A … : Leerburg