d in poo

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Weight loss is always very worrying sign so you should take your dog to your vets without delay. Swelling is a sign related to several diseases and problems so without seeing your dog it is hard to give you more detailed information what it could be.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

In extreme cases of tapeworm infection, your dog may lose weight despite eating normally. This is due to the tapeworm feeding on the nutrients in your dog`s intestines. Like vomiting, weight loss can have a variety of causes.
Changes in diet (not including restricted-calorie foods), environment, or stress levels, including the addition of new pets, may lead to weight loss that is rarely permanent or significant. The more rapid the weight loss, the more potentially concerning it is.
Gastro-intestinal disorders in dogs

Weight loss can be a sign your dog is suffering from one of many possible gastro-intestinal disorders, which can affect their stomach and intestines. Other signs to look out for are chronic diarrhea or constipation, vomiting, dehydration and lethargy.

Feeding too little or giving your dog low-quality dog food can also lead to weight loss. Stress: A dog that`s anxious or stressed may find it hard to relax and eat because they feel like they always need to be on alert. Exercise: Dogs that start exercising more but don`t take in more calories will lose weight.
This then drives the defense mechanisms down the correct pathway to expel the worms. Nearly one quarter of the world`s population is infected with gastrointestinal parasites. These prevalent infections often result in a period of reduced appetite resulting in weight loss.
Nearly one in every four of the world`s population are infected with gastrointestinal parasites. It has long been known that these infections often result in a period of reduced appetite and weight loss but why or how this happens was not understood.
As a rule of thumb, losing more than 5% of your weight over 6 to 12 months may indicate a problem. If you`re an older adult with other medical conditions and health issues, even a smaller amount of weight loss may be significant.
As a guideline, dogs can safely lose 2 to 4 percent of their body weight per week until they are at their desired weight. During the diet period, your dog`s weight should be checked every two to four weeks. This can usually be done at your family veterinarian.
Hypoadrenocorticism is an uncommon disease in dogs, and it is caused by a deficiency of essential hormones that are made by the adrenal glands. Also known as Addison`s disease, the clinical signs may appear as vague signs of illness that come and go.
Animals with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency caused by longterm pancreatitis may develop diabetes mellitus. Signs most commonly reported are excessive eating, weight loss, and diarrhea.
Symptoms of a parasite often manifest as gastrointestinal distress but can also cause other conditions such as fatigue, weight loss, micronutrient deficiencies, rashes, inflammation, immune impairment, and even autoimmune activation.
Intestinal worms increase your risk for anemia and intestinal blockages, as well as malnutrition. Complications occur more frequently in older adults and in people who have suppressed immune systems, such as people with HIV/AIDS infection. Intestinal worm infections can pose a higher risk if you`re pregnant.
Serious infections, for example, TB and HIV, and inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also raise your metabolic rate and induce weight loss. Your doctor can assess your symptoms and check your blood for markers of infection and inflammation to rule out infective or inflammatory causes of weight loss.
Deworming drugs are associated with increases in weight after a single dose.
According to the American Cancer Society, unexplained weight loss is often the first noticeable symptom of cancers of the esophagus, pancreas, stomach, and lung. Other cancers, such as ovarian cancer, are more likely to cause weight loss when a tumor grows large enough to press on the stomach.
The signs of stomach tumors develop gradually over weeks to months. They include chronic intermittent vomiting, lack of appetite, lethargy, and weight loss. Vomit may be blood-tinged or have a “coffee grounds” appearance. This is related to tumor ulceration (opening) causing bleeding.
‍Stage IV: Signs are at their worst because there are severe elevations of kidney values in bloodwork. Kidney failure can also cause painful ulcers in a dog`s mouth and make them feel sick, nauseous and weak, leading to poor quality of life in the later stages.
Acute Renal Failure in Dogs

Acute renal failure happens suddenly and can be caused by a variety of reasons. Severe dehydration, a strong bacterial infection, a urinary obstruction, or ingesting something poisonous like human medication, toxic plants, or anti-freeze can bring on this type of kidney failure.

Dogs with Cushing`s disease tend to lose weight due to muscle wasting. But dogs with Addison`s disease tend to experience weight loss due to poor appetite. Additionally, dogs with Cushing`s disease often have a ravenous appetite, hair loss or poor hair coat, and increased thirst and urination.
Neurological — There are also a number of neurological signs of a pituitary tumor in dogs. In addition to the increased thirst/urination/hunger, these could include seizures, memory loss or being mentally dull or foggy.
The point at which unexplained weight loss becomes a medical concern is not exact. But many health care providers agree that a medical evaluation is called for if you lose more than 5% of your weight in 6 to 12 months, especially if you`re an older adult.
How long until roundworms are gone in dogs? It takes approximately four weeks for roundworms to be treated with dewormer. The infective larvae and eggs can survive in your dog for a long time time and are particularly resistant to changes in conditions in the body.
Intestinal worms are parasites that live in your dog`s intestines and feed off blood or other nutrients that they find there. Worms can be very unpleasant for your pooch and some can even be fatal if not treated.
The scent generally associated with parvo is caused by blood in the stool. Dogs with bloody stools because of hookworms have precisely the same smell. MORE IMPORTANTLY, if a puppy is diagnosed with Parvo BEFORE there is blood in the stool, the antivirals` effectiveness is MUCH GREATER.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. How do I determine how much my overweight pet should weigh?
ANSWER : A. There are many tools to determine overweight and obesity levels in pets. A new tool, morphometric measurements and body fat index, are available to accurately determine a pet’s ideal weight; this will allow an accurate determination of the amount of food a pet should receive to achieve weight loss. Feeding the correct amount will lead to greater weight loss success.

There are many weight loss food options to help pets reach their ideal weight. Your veterinarian can help make a ideal weight recommendation. Here are some tips to help your dog lose weight in a healthy and safe way:

1. Diet: Providing a healthy and well balanced diet is essential to your pet’s overall health. Finding the right food for your dog can be a challenging process. For those overweight animals many commercial dog companies offer weight loss diets, but it is important to evaluate food labels for adequate nutritional content.

You want to ensure you are not missing other essential vitamin or mineral content. Volume of food is also important and the amount of food that works for one breed of dog may not be the same for another breed of dog. Portion control as opposed to free-choice feeding can help your dog to drop a few unnecessary pounds.

There are also prescription weight loss foods designed by veterinary nutritionists, such as Hill’s r/d (http://bit.ly/1AoENSd). Some pet owners find that home cooking is the best option for helping to provide a well-balanced and realistic diet plan. There are websites such as balanceit.com that offers recipes to fit your dog’s specific needs. Consulting with your veterinarian or a veterinary nutritionist to find the appropriate diet is a great way to help your dog be as healthy as possible.

2. Exercise: Another great tactic for weight loss for your dog is exercise. Whether this is through running, walking or playing with a favorite toy all of these are wonderful types of exercise to help keep your dog at a lean and healthy weight.

For those pet owners with busy schedules utilizing professional dog walking services or playtime through dog daycare services is another option. It has been shown that those pet owners that exercise regularly with their pets generally live a healthier lifestyle.

3. Physical therapy: As animals age pet owners offer encounter their favorite canine having more difficulty walking and have a dwindling desire to play with toys. Physical therapy, specifically hydrotherapy is a wonderful way to help older and arthritic animals gain more mobility and lose weight. Hydrotherapy has been proven to have several therapeutic effects on the body including, muscle strengthening, relief of swelling, decreased joint pain, less stiffness in limbs, improved circulation, weight loss, and increased tissue healing to name a few. For more information on the benefits of hydrotherapy:
http://bit.ly/1w1qqoy

4. Veterinary visit and blood work: Weight gain can also be related to underlying health concerns such as hypothyroidism or other endocrine disorders. Scheduling a veterinary evaluation and routine blood work can be another important component in increasing the longevity of your dog’s life. Conditions such as hypothyroidism that predispose dogs to gain weight can be treated with a daily medication to improve hormonal balance. If feel that your dog is unnecessarily overweight there can be an underlying health condition that needs to be addressed.

5. Healthy treats: Pet owners love the chance to reward their favorite canine companion with treats and most dogs jump at the chance to consume these delicious products. The problem is many treats, which can include commercial dog treats or table scrapes can add many unnecessary calories to your dog’s daily intake. Reading labels and making note of the calories in these treats is an important component of understanding your dog’s overall health. Treats should not exceed more than 10 percent of your pet’s daily calories. There are healthier treats that can be offered to your pet to keep calories lower yet provide a fuller sensation. A pet owner can add steamed or pureed vegetables, such as carrots, green beans or sweet potato to add more fiber and thus a fuller feeling for your dog.

Q. 16month male dog,vaccinated&wormed.Lost weight rapidly over two weeks,large swelling under neck,mouth,backleg&penis.Yellow diarrhea,now blood in poo
ANSWER : A. Weight loss is always very worrying sign so you should take your dog to your vets without delay. Swelling is a sign related to several diseases and problems so without seeing your dog it is hard to give you more detailed information what it could be.

Q. How do I know if my pet is overweight?
ANSWER : A. There are many ways to determine if your pet is overweight: breed standards, body condition score (BCS), body fat index (BFI), and morphometric measurements. These tools are used to determine how overweight a pet is, as well as to determine how much to feed to reach the pet’s ideal weight. Most weight loss programs fail because food dose calculations are based on inaccurate estimations of ideal body weight.

Current methods of estimating ideal body weight (body condition score/ guessing) are most likely to underestimate % body fat and therefore overestimate ideal weight, which leads to overfeeding. Pets are being overdosed on food because of inaccurate estimations of ideal body weight.

To determine body condition score it’s often helpful to have a scale from 1-5 to compare to: http://www.hillspet.com/weight-management/pet-weight-score.html. This scale is based on your ability to feel or see the ribs, the size of your dog or cat’s waist, and the appearance of the abdomen.

An overweight animal can be predisposed to several health conditions including high blood pressure, arthritis, endocrine disorders such as diabetes, and hypothyroidism. This is why it is important to determine an ideal weight for your pet and work hard to maintain a healthy weight.

Q. What should a Papillon weigh that is 11 inches at the shoulder?
ANSWER : A. Per AKC breed standard, there is no set weight for the Papillon. The only guideline given is that weight should be proportionate to height. In general, females may weigh a bit less than males; yet in regard to height both genders will fall between the 8 to 11 inch guideline.

In general, if a Papillon is of standard height, the adult weight will be between 6 pounds (2.72 kg) to 10 pounds (4.53 kg). It is not uncommon for a female to be a bit smaller than a male in regard to weight. Females tend to settle down near the 6 to 8 pound range and males generally are a bit larger and are closer to the 9 or 10 pound range.

We have seen some sources list the weight of the Papillon to be as tiny as 4 pounds (1.81 kg) however this is not common and a Pappy of this size would be considered undersized should he or she be the expected 8 to 11 inches tall (floor to withers).

So, with this information, your dog should weigh about ten pounds if she is 11 inches at the shoulder.

Q. Cat is over 13 years old, blood test show anemia, weight loss, increase appetite, thick nails, very vocal, blood test did not show thyroid disease,tre
ANSWER : A. It is possible another metabolic issue could be causing the anemia and weight loss, or a more in-depth thyroid test is needed beyond the basic panel. Anemia can be caused by a number of things including blood loss from internal or external bleeding, failure to produce enough blood cells, or destruction of the blood cells by the immune system. Looking for causes of anemia may help you to find the underlying cause causing your cat’s symptoms. Additional tests such as ultrasound, further blood work and more may be beneficial.

Q. Has not eaten in 2 days. Noticed a little blood on the fur on her butt. What can I do?
ANSWER : A. Blood near the rear can be caused by a number of things. Bright red blood in the stool or around the anus can indicate a problem with the colon or anal region such as constipation, tears, illness or problems with the anal glands.

Blood that is dark or black in the stool can indicate a problem with the upper intestines such as the stomach or small intestine. This is usually considered more serious than bright red stool, however any blood seen is cause for concern. If the blood is seen more than once or twice, making a vet appointment is a must.

If your dog is not eating and is having blood in either her stool or vomit, making an appointment with your local vet is best. Illness, digestive upset or problems with internal organs can all cause these symptoms. In the mean time, a bland diet of plain boiled chicken and plain white rice may help to soothe minor digestive upset until you can get into the vet.

Q. My 16 year old indoor cat has lost most of her body weight in the last couple of weeks. I think she may have worms. What do I do?
ANSWER : A. Weight loss can be a serious sign of many underlying conditions in older cats, most notably metabolic issues such as thyroid disease or organ dysfunction. If no worms are visible in her stool, bringing in a stool sample to check for them, or making a wellness exam to check for any other causes of the weight loss are best to help find why your cat is losing weight prior to just treating for worms.

If worms are present, then determining the type of worms they are is the next step. Worms generally cause digestive upset in cats such as vomiting or loose stools in addition to weight loss in large infections. The two most common types include roundworms (long spaghetti-like strands) and tapeworms (small rice grain segments). Roundworms can generally be cured with any over the counter wormer, however tapeworms need a wormer specific to them to be given. Tapeworms are also spread via contact with fleas, so starting a flea prevention treatment can help prevent further infections. Cleaning all bedding and the environment your cat is in will also help for any type of internal parasite infection.

Q. After sudden weight gain & impaired energy levels/mobility, our vet indicated she has fatty liver disease. Any oral meds we can use?
ANSWER : A. I’d like to add that since hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease) typically occurs after rapid weight LOSS, not gain, I’m a little confused by this diagnosis. If your vet suspects this disease (and the only way to definitely diagnose it is with a liver biopsy, but typically we assume the diagnosis when an obese cat stops eating and rapidly loses weight) I strongly encourage you to seek the primary diagnosis, such as diabetes. Anything that causes rapid decrease in caloric intake predisposes them to HL. Mr. Alvarado is correct – this disease typically cannot be treated at home with solely oral meds, as the mainstays of therapy are fluid support and nutrition, typically supplied via stomach tube.

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