ut down.

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. It is always a difficult decision to make but only you can make it. You can take advice and guidance from your vet as they will have seen your dog and will be able to see if it still has any quality of life.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Today, about 3 out of 4 people who have osteosarcoma can be cured if the cancer hasn`t spread to other parts of the body. Almost everyone who is treated with limb-sparing surgery ends up with that arm or leg working well. Many people who have osteosarcoma will need physical therapy for several months after surgery.
Osteosarcoma is a malignant osseous neoplasm. It is the most common primary bone cancer of childhood. Less frequently, it occurs in adults where it represents secondary malignant degeneration of primary bone pathology.
Osteosarcomas can cause pain. If there are tumors in the bones of your arm, for example, it may be painful to lift things. If the tumors are in the bones of your legs, it may cause limping.
Though some people will die of bone cancer, many others will make a full recovery. The five-year relative survival rate for bone cancer is 66.8%. This means that 66.8% of people with bone cancer are still alive five years after their diagnosis.
Osteosarcoma, the most common malignant bone tumor, [1, 2] is a deadly form of musculoskeletal cancer that most commonly causes patients to die of pulmonary metastatic disease (see the image below).
Chondrosarcoma. Chondrosarcoma is a cancer that can begin in the bones or tissue near bones, often in the hip, pelvis, and shoulder. The five-year relative survival rate for SEER stage “localized” is 91 percent . The five-year relative survival rate for SEER stage “regional” is 75 percent.
Death from osteosarcoma is almost always the result of progressive pulmonary metastasis with respiratory failure due to widespread disease, pulmonary hemorrhage, pneumothorax, and superior vena cava obstruction. Other lesions, although extremely painful, are usually not life threatening.
If left untreated, primary bone cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Primary bone cancer is also known as bone sarcoma. Secondary (metastatic) bone cancer means that the cancer started in another part of the body, such as the breast or lung, and has spread to the bones.
If osteosarcoma is diagnosed and treated before it has spread outside the area where it started, the 5-year relative survival rate for people of all ages is 76%.
Pain that doesn`t go away despite treatment. Any areas on the body that should be the same on both sides, but are not. Discomfort when moving an arm or leg. A lump or bump that is growing and may or may not be painful.
Other late effects of treatment can include: Heart or lung problems (due to certain chemo drugs or radiation therapy to the chest) Loss of hearing (due to certain chemo drugs) Slowed growth and development (in the bones or overall)
Acquired gene changes. Most osteosarcomas are not caused by inherited gene mutations, but instead are the result of gene changes acquired during the person`s lifetime. Sometimes these gene changes are caused by radiation therapy used to treat another form of cancer, because radiation can damage the DNA inside cells.
Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that often develops in the osteoblast cells that form bone. The bone the cancer cells make is not as strong as normal bone. It happens most often in children, teens, and young adults. It can start in any bone in the body.
What is the prognosis for stage 4 bone cancer? Advanced osteosarcomas don`t have the best 5-year survival rate, but its also not the worst. At 27%, it is definitely a frightening diagnosis. As with other aggressive cancers, early diagnosis is key, with local disease having a 77% five-year survival rate.
It has been suggested that repeated trauma to an area may be a risk factor for developing this type of cancer. It is uncertain whether trauma is a cause or effect of the disease. Cancer lesions in the bone can make that area of the bone weaker, thus, making injury more likely.
Lung and bronchial cancer causes more deaths in the U.S. than any other type of cancer in both men and women. Although survival rates have increased over the years due to improved treatments, the outlook is still bleak. The five-year survival rate is only 22%.
Bone cancer is one of the most painful cancers. Factors that drive bone cancer pain evolve and change with disease progression, according to Patrick Mantyh, PhD, symposium speaker and professor of pharmacology, University of Arizona.
Bone cancer in the hip may cause pain, swelling, or fractures. Bone cancer in the hip is rare. Primary bone cancers, which begin in the bone, account for less than 1% of all types of cancer. Bone cancer in the hip may cause pain, but hip pain is usually due to another cause.
Stage 4 bone cancer

This is the most advanced form of the disease. In stage 4, the cancer has spread beyond the bone to other areas of the body. For bone cancer, staging also takes into account how abnormal the cells look under the microscope (the grade).

This syndrome is usually caused by abnormal changes in the REQL4 gene. Other rare inherited conditions, including Bloom syndrome, Werner syndrome, and Diamond-Blackfan anemia, have also been linked to an increased risk of osteosarcoma.
Osteosarcoma begins when a healthy bone cell develops changes in its DNA. A cell`s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cell to start making new bone when it isn`t needed. The result is a mass (tumor) of poorly formed bone cells that can invade and destroy healthy body tissue.
A CT scan of the chest may be done to see if cancer has spread to the lungs. Bone scan: A bone scan can help show if a cancer has spread to other bones. This test is useful because it can show all of the bones in the body at once.
Most osteosarcomas are treated with chemo before surgery (known as neoadjuvant chemotherapy) for about 10 weeks. In some people with osteosarcoma in an arm or leg bone, this can shrink the tumor, which might help make surgery easier.
Stage I. This stage is the least common stage to occur in practice and includes parosteal and low-grade central osteosarcoma. The prognosis for individuals with Stage I is excellent at >90% with wide resection.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. 8 yrs 53# Golden diag w/left hip osteosarcoma eats, goes bathroom, has difficulty walking no other activities. Pain meds. Signs 2 decide 2 put down.
ANSWER : A. It is always a difficult decision to make but only you can make it. You can take advice and guidance from your vet as they will have seen your dog and will be able to see if it still has any quality of life.

Read Full Q/A … : Causes of Limping in Dogs

Q. Why does my dog eat grass?
ANSWER : A. As another user mentioned, dogs can eat grass when they want to vomit. Sometimes, when a dog has an upset tummy, they will eat grass. If you notice your dog eating grass frantically, you can assume vomiting will shortly follow. Grass does not digest and pass normally. If your dog eats too much grass, it can cause serious issues with pooping. Your dogs poop can end up all tangled inside of her, and it can need veterinary assistance to remove it. The same goes for celery, so avoid feeding celery to your dog.

The other day my boyfriend accidentally left the laundry room door open where we were keeping the trash that was filled with cooked chicken bones. She ate one of the chicken bones lightning fast. We had to induce vomiting by feeding her some hydrogen peroxide. After we had fed her the peroxide, she immediately began frantically eating grass because her tummy was upset.

If there is something lacking in your dogs diet, it could be that your dog is eating grass to make up for it. I am sure that my dogs diet is extremely well balanced (I do not only feed her an air-dried raw food-type diet (Ziwipeak), but a wide variety of safe, healthy foods), so when she eats grass, I know that it is because she has an upset tummy.

That is why I think it is important making sure your dog has a very well balanced diet. If your dog is on a low quality kibble, your dog may be trying to let you know by eating grass (or eating poop).

Q. Why do dogs eat grass?
ANSWER : A. Some pet parents get concerned when they see their favorite canine nibbling on grass in the yard. They wonder whether it is because hunger, boredom or an indication of an underlying illness. Often the consumption of grass will result in vomiting because it irritates the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. This is an extremely common problem for dog parents. There is no one reason for why dogs exhibit these behaviors and it is very much dependent on each dog. Here are some of the reasons why our dogs choose to eat grass:

1. Nutritional Issues

Historically speaking, dogs are considered omnivores, which mean they consume a variety of both meat and plant-based food. There is some indication that dogs with a low fiber diet may choose to scavenge in the grass to fulfill this nutritional deficiency. These dogs may also find that grass has an appealing flavor and consistency. If you feel that this may be the reason for your beloved canine consuming grass then consider discussing with your veterinarian on how to incorporate more fiber into your dog’s diet.

2. Boredom

Many dogs who are not receiving adequate exercise will be become bored and search out activities to occupy their time, including eating grass. Evaluate how much exercise your dog is getting on a daily basis and consider more walks or other fun activities, such as playing fetch or tug of war.

3. Upset Stomach

There is a belief that dogs with an upset or gassy stomach will self-medicate by consuming grass. Vomiting often follows this grass eating activity eliminating the contents of the stomach or changing the gas distension within the gastrointestinal tract. However, there is not much scientific evidence to back up this theory. If you are concerned about too much gastric acid in your dog’s stomach or any other underlying medical issue that could be the reason for their grass eating, consult with your veterinarian.

Overall, grass eating is usually not toxic to your dogs unless your lawn contains chemicals, including pesticides or herbicides. Monitor your dog’s behavior along with his diet and exercise to determine if there is a reason for the inappropriate grass snacking.

Q. Shiba Inu. He periodically shakes and trembles, usually unrpovoked and seeming for no reason. Usually cuddling helps but not always. Becomes reclusive
ANSWER : A. I do find that Shiba Inu’s are a really sensitive breed. I think the first thing to rule out is pain. That could be pain from a muscle injury or even gastrointestinal pain. Try to pinpoint whether it occurs after a meal or not. He might be painful due to something going on in his GI tract, and the pain is at its worse after he eats.

I’ve also seen a lot of small breeds like Shibas get back pain, and shaking can definitely accompany that as well. If you haven’t see your vet who can perform a good physical exam and look for any signs of muscular pain along the spine or elsewhere. It’s not a bad idea at this point to consider doing some blood work just to screen for any problems that could be affecting organ function, for example.

If he’s healthy otherwise, I think it’s likely that there’s something that’s scaring him at home. These things can be really difficult to identify, and you have to be really aware and note exactly when the shaking occurs, how long it lasts, etc, and look for patterns. Dogs can hear things we can’t, and he may be hearing things you’re missing, and the noise is disturbing to him. Cuddling is a good idea, also working to distract him and desensitize him with toys and treats might help. But like I said above – definitely rule out pain first.

Q. 6 lbs Chi pup, left leg sprain but she is constipated and refusing to eat. Only eats a few bits here and there
ANSWER : A. If your pup has not yet been seen by a vet, it may be a good idea due to the number of symptoms your puppy is experiencing. Leg sprains can be painful, and the pain may be causing nausea or a refusal to eat. Bloating and constipation can be due to a number of things ranging from internal illness, nausea and not feeling well, or even problems with digesting food or having internal parasites. Until you can get to the vet, enticing your pup to eat with a bland diet of plain boiled chicken and plain white rice may encourage some eating and can sometimes help settle an upset stomach.

If she is showing signs of severe distress such as extreme bloating, painful panting or whimpering, blue or pale gums and tongue, loss of consciousness or attempting to vomit or defecate without any results, it may indicate a serious condition called Bloat. This is a medical emergency and should be brought to your vet or ER clinic as soon as possible.

Q. My 2 months old rottweiler puppy isn’t eating properly. Shes only eating shredded or minced chicken but adding any thing means she won’t eat.
ANSWER : A. This is not a nutritionally adequate diet for your puppy. She needs to be eating a good quality puppy food. Put the proper amount in her bowl and put it down without any fuss. Leave it for fifteen minutes. After that, if she has not eaten, pick it up–again without fuss–and do not give her anything else to eat until her next scheduled mealtime, not even treats. When she is due to eat again, repeat the process. This may take quite a few days to resolve, as she will try to hold out for the chicken. Do not give in! Remember that you are not starving her. The food is there, but she is choosing not to eat. When she realizes that this is all she is going to get, she will begin to eat and your problem will be solved.

Q. My dog hasnt eaten snce I left 4 days ago. I won’t be home for 6 more days. How can the caretaker get her to eat?
ANSWER : A. If your dog is feeling a bit sad while you are away and is refusing to eat, your pet sitter may try some things such as adding in boiled chicken or turkey to meals to encourage eating. A pet-safe gravy may also entice your dog to eat as well while you are gone. Your pet sitter may also want to offer smaller meals more often throughout the day to give your dog more chances to try and eat when she is feeling more comfortable and a little less sad. A game of fetch or playing together may also get your dog’s appetite going and help her to feel more comfortable eating around your pet sitter.

If your dog is showing any other signs of illness in addition to the refusal to eat (beyond normal missing an owner), then it is always a good idea to keep an eye out and contact a veterinarian as needed.

Read Full Q/A … : ufdc.ufl.edu

Q. My dog has been taking meds for UTI over 2 weeks and does not seem to get better. She pees and poops in her crate when we leave her. What should I do?
ANSWER : A. Have her rechecked by your veterinarian. Have your vet collect a sterile urine sample for urinalysis and culture. This can identify the responsible bacteria and determine the most effective antibiotic to use for treatment. Reinforce crate training (again if necessary). The crate should only be big enough for her to stand, turn around and lay down. Put her on a strict schedule to go outside for elimination. She goes out FIRST thing in the morning. Pick a spot outside and wait. No walks until she goes. Praise and reward her when she goes. Return her to the crate or place on a leash on your hip so you can watch for her cues to go. Take up the water 2 hours before bedtime and take her out right before bedtime. Be patient. Be consistent.