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A. 180mg EPA per 10lbs plus 400iu vitamin E has been recommended for brittle nails caused by an auto-immune condition known as lupoid onychodystrophy; alongside other treatments. You do not mention why the nails are brittle so it is very difficult to advise on any specific recommendations

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To figure out your dog`s body weight in kilograms (kg), divide their weight in pounds by 2.2. For example, 50 lbs = 22.7 kg. A 50-lb dog would need about 2,000 mg (2 grams) of fish oil per day. The maximum dose for a 50-lb dog would be 3,200 mg/ day.
A general guideline is to give dogs 300 mg of EPA/DHA combined per 30 pounds of body weight. Remember, however, the EPA/DHA are the important parts, and 300 mg of fish oil doesn`t equal 300 mg of EPA/DHA. In addition, some oils have better absorption rates, such as krill oil.

The content of total saturated fatty acid (SAF), MUFA, and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) were comparable between the two fish oils, except that the long-chain omega-3 type is different: the ratio of EPA to DHA is 2.3 in EPA-rich fish oil, and 0.3 in DHA-rich fish oil.

The specific Omega 3 fatty acids that dogs and cats benefit from are EPA and DHA. The recommended amounts are 40 mg/kg of body weight of EPA daily and 25-30 mg/kg of DHA daily for dogs and the other way around for cats – they do best with more DHA than EPA. A 10 lb cat needs about 200 mg of DHA per day.
While some dogs may need the occasional fish oil supplement to help keep omega-3s up, your vet may recommend a daily fish oil supplement for your dog.
Made from wild-caught Peruvian anchovies, Max and Neo`s 1000mg Omega 3 Fish Oil is what your dog needs for healthy skin, healthy joints, and a healthy heart. Each softgel has over 180 mg of EPA and 120 mg of DHA. Omega 3s are an essential part of your pet`s diet, but most dogs do not get any omega 3s in their food.
Fish oils are generally very safe. Side effects, particularly at high doses, may include diarrhea, vomiting, delayed wound healing, sleepiness, a fishy odor to the breath or skin, increased itchiness, or an oily coat and skin flakes. Discontinuation of the supplement should resolve these side effects.
Too much of a good thing can often have unintended side effects. Excessive amounts of fish oil can cause diarrhea, blood clotting, weight gain, and a lowered immune system.
Most fish oil supplements have a one to one ratio of DHA to EPA. If your goal is to dampen or prevent inflammation—aches, pain, swelling—then standard fish oils or a fish oil with more EPA may be desirable. However, if you want to improve brain function, then consider a fish oil with a higher concentration of DHA.
DHA is needed in fatty areas of the body that require speed, like the brain, heart and eyes, and may be the better choice for people with neurological challenges. EPA circulates to support a healthy immune response, and may be the better choice for people with aches, pains and swelling.
Can I give my pet the same fish oil that I take? No. Your pet companion should only be given fish oil products that have been reviewed and specially formulated for dogs and cats. Both federal and state regulations dictate special requirements for pet supplements, which are not required for their human counterparts.
Omega-3 fish oils are a vet-recommended way to support your cat`s overall health, and it`s an all-natural, non-toxic supplement. It`s especially simple to add fish oil to your cat`s diet, as the oil`s fishy taste naturally appeals to cats. Measure the proper amount and mix it into either dry or wet food.
While fish oil and omega-3 are safe and beneficial for dogs, it`s best to avoid giving your dog a supplement designed for human consumption. With so many omega-3 fatty acid supplements out there formulated specifically for dogs, there`s really no reason to give your pet something that is meant for humans.
A standard 1000 mg fish oil softgel provides around 300 mg of Omega-3s, and to meet the 500 mg EPA and DHA recommendation, a minimum of two softgels would be necessary.
Though there are no conclusive recommendations, 250–500 mg per day of combined EPA and DHA — of which fish oil is an excellent source — is enough for most healthy people. Keep in mind that this will vary depending on your needs.
Eggs are not only a perfectly safe food source for dogs – they offer much in the way of nutritional benefits. Aside from being rich in protein, eggs are also a great source of linoleic acid, Vitamin B2 and B12 and water-soluble Vitamin A – all of which are wonderful for your dog`s skin and coat.
If you are taking fish oil for general cardiovascular health (as opposed to treatment for elevated triglycerides, for example), or because you think you might not be getting enough omega-3s from your diet, a single 1,000 mg softgel (providing about 300 mg EPA and 200 DHA) should be sufficient.
Official omega-3 dosage guidelines

Overall, most of these organizations recommend a minimum of 250–500 mg combined EPA and DHA each day for healthy adults. This can be obtained from about 8 ounces of fatty fish per week ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ).

Pancreatitis also is a concern when feeding high fat diets or high doses of fatty acid supplementation, especially in dogs with a known risk of pancreatitis. However, there are no reports of omega-3 fatty acid or fish oil supplements causing pancreatitis in dogs, cats, or humans.
Omega-3 Risks For Dogs

Omega-3 supplements like fish and salmon oil can be beneficial for dogs, but there are some side effects associated with them, including the following: Diarrhea and vomiting. Weight gain. Stomach upset.

However, consuming too much fish oil could actually take a toll on your health and lead to side effects such as high blood sugar and an increased risk of bleeding. Stick to the recommended dosage and aim to get the majority of your omega-3 fatty acids from whole food sources to get the most nutritional gain.
Capsules are a popular way for people to take fish oil since it keeps that funky taste out of our mouths, but dogs generally enjoy the taste of fish oil. However, capsules do help keep fish oil for dogs fresh.
Shiny and healthy coat: Fish oil is a great solution to suppress aggressive shedding or loss of hair. Ideally, these can prevent instances like bald spots on your cat`s or dog`s body. Additionally, these supplements also promote a shiny and healthy coat.
How long does it take for omega-3`s to work? Levels of omega-3`s build up quickly in the body once you take supplements. But it may take 6 weeks to 6 months to see a significant change in mood, pain, or other symptoms. What brands of omega-3`s should I consider?

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Brittle nails. Our vet says try fish oil. How many tabs do I give her? She is 50 lbs. The one I’m looking at has a total (EPA & DHA) of 684 mg.
ANSWER : A. 180mg EPA per 10lbs plus 400iu vitamin E has been recommended for brittle nails caused by an auto-immune condition known as lupoid onychodystrophy; alongside other treatments. You do not mention why the nails are brittle so it is very difficult to advise on any specific recommendations

Q. My dog has a split nail, what should I do?
ANSWER : A. Split or torn nails are very common in dogs, and treatment depends on the level of the tear. If the nail is split above the quik (blood supply to the nail) then it can be safely trimmed back and the torn part removed. You can find the quik in a dog’s nails by looking for a red or pink line in light colored nails, or a darker groove on the underside of dark colored nails.

If the tear is behind the quik or the nail is bleeding, stopping the bleeding with styptic powder or starches such as corn or rice starch can help. It is then best to bring your dog into your local vet to have the nail safely trimmed back. This may require anesthesia or sedation depending on the size of the tear to make the experience less painful for your dog. Your vet may also recommend antibiotics if the tear is large to prevent infection from taking hold until the nail can heal.

Once the torn part of the nail is removed, the nail should be able to begin growing back as normal. Regular nail trims to keep nails short and in shape can also help to prevent tears and splits in the future.

Q. How many mg of iron in my dogs dry food is good? I’m campaign foods, one says 130 mg, another 170 mg and the last 230 mg. Are these safe?
ANSWER : A. Depending on how many of those 130, 170 and 230 mg per Kg of food and how many of that food per day are you giving your dog. Send me all the details and I will let you know if they are correct.

Q. I have a rough collie. Her skin is dry and she is scratching. What would be the best oil to give her and how often? She is in good shape and 5yrs.
ANSWER : A. An essential fatty acid supplement (usually a fish oil) may promote healthy skin and is an excellent supplement. Search for fish oil supplements. Capsules are preferred for ease of adoring and administration over bulk containers of fish oil. DermCaps or EicosaCaps are excellent fish oil supplements for dogs. You can also discuss the issue with your vet. He or she may have a preferred source or brand to recommend.

Q. Would a 1000 mg of fish oil be too much for a 6.6kg cat
ANSWER : A. Fish oil consists of EPA and DHA. Studies suggest that a dose between 20-55mg combined EPA and DHA per pound of body weight is safe for cats. Discuss a safe dose with your vet before beginning. If you see diarrhea or loose stool, you will need to adjust the dose until the GI upset resolves.

Q. My cat is excessively scrstching herself., to the point she has sores. She is strictly an indoor cat. Did have flees been treated for 2 months
ANSWER : A. For every flea you see on your pet, there are 100 more in the environment. Get your pet on a good topical or oral flea control through your vet. In flea control, you get what you pay for. Consider asking your vet for a dose of Capstar. It helps get the problem under control by killing the fleas on the pet starting in five minutes but only lasts for 24 hours.

You need to treat your home environment. If you use a pest control service, tell them you are having a flea problem and they can adjust their treatment. Use a premise spray that also contains an IGR, insect growth regulator. This keeps eggs and larvae from maturing into adults and helps break the life cycle. Also, vacuum EVERY DAY, throwing out the bag or emptying the canister every time into an outside receptacle and spraying the contents with insecticide to kill the fleas you’ve vacuumed up.

Treat your yard too, since fleas are opportunistic and will hop a ride into your home on your pant leg without you knowing it. Concentrate on areas under bushes, in the shade. Fleas are less likely to be located in open sunny areas where it gets hot.

If chemicals are a problem, you can use borax. Sprinkle it into rugs, into corners and under furniture, use a broom to work it into the fibers and let it sit for hours, days even. It won’t hurt you or your pet to have it present. Then vacuum it up, reapply as needed. Food grade diatomaceous earth can be gotten from a health food store and worked into the rugs and corners in the same way as borax. These treatments aren’t as fast and effective as chemical insecticides but they can help.

You might want to consider boarding your pet for the day at your vet, to give you the opportunity to flea bomb your house without having to worry about your pet being exposed. They can bathe your pet and give a dose of Capstar while you treat your home.

Be patient, you may have to repeat these steps multiple times 10-14 days apart to help break the flea life cycle.

Skin problems can have a variety of causes, sometimes more than one. It is important to have the problem checked by your vet to determine if there is a medical cause for your pet’s skin issues and treat accordingly.

In pets of all ages, fleas, food allergies and exposure to chemical irritants such as cleaners and soaps can be a cause. Any one of these may not be enough to trigger the breakouts, depending on how sensitive your pet is, but a combination can be enough to start the itch-scratch cycle. Finding out the cause and eliminating it is the best course of action. With flea allergies, if your pet is sensitive enough, a single bite can cause them to break out scratch enough to tear their skin.

Check for fleas with a flea comb. Look for fleas and/or tiny black granules, like coarse black pepper. This is flea feces, consisting of digested, dried blood. You may find tiny white particles, like salt, which are the flea eggs. Applying a good topical monthly flea treatment and aggressively treating your house and yard will help break the flea life cycle.

If you use plastic bowls, this is a possible cause for hair loss, though this tends to be on the chin, where their skin touches the bowl while they eat. If you suspect this to be the culprit, try changing the bowls to glass, metal or ceramic.

Food allergies are often caused by sensitivity to a protein in the food. Hill’s Science Diet offers some non-prescription options for sensitive skin as well as prescription hypoallergenic foods for more severe cases. Royal Canin carries limited protein diets that may also offer some relief. Your vet can recommend a specific diet that will help.

If there is no relief or not enough, consider getting your pet checked by a veterinary dermatologist and having allergy testing done.

Q. My dog cracked his nail horizontally, I put neosporine on it with gauze and a sock for no snagging. What should I do and what would a vet cost?
ANSWER : A. It depends on how deep it’s cut and if it’s going to snag on something and rip the entire nail off. It would probably be best to go to the vet now rather than later when a more serious injury occurs. The cost really depends on where you live and what the vet decides to do. I really can’t give much of an estimate other than the initial cost of a sick exam (which also varies from vet to vet). Call the vet and when you make the appointment ask how much a sick exam costs, that will be your initial payment (Amount just to see the vet).

Q. German short hair 37 lbs was running full speed and hit her leg on a big rock. She’s limping and in pain. Far from vet. Can I give her aspirin?
ANSWER : A. Aspirin should not be given unless instructed to do so by your vet. This medication can cause stomach ulceration or organ problems if not given in the correct dosage. If you have a vet you regularly see but cannot get to you may be able to contact them for the correct medication dosage to give for the short-term. You should also try to keep your dog calm and quiet and restrict activity until she can be seen by a vet to help prevent further injury to the leg and facilitate healing. Once you can get to your vet, your vet can examine the leg and provide treatment including a dog-safe pain medication.

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