Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Not really. Human pain killers are neither safe nor effective for pain in dogs. What is more, if you use of one human pain killers like paracetamol your vet will not able to use most of the licensed pain killers for the next 12-24hrs.

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You can only give your dog pain medications specifically designed for canines and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These drugs also have to be prescribed by a vet, since there are no FDA-approved OTC painkillers for dogs.
Paracetamol is a common human medication and can be bought without a prescription. In certain circumstances, it can be used in dogs. However, dogs require different doses than humans. Paracetamol can be highly toxic to dogs if they are given too high a dose.
The short answer is NO. You should never attempt to treat your pets with human medication, precautions should be taken to keep household medications out reach of your pet to avoid a potentially harmful or fatal reaction.
While you can use human baby aspirin as recommended by your vet, aspirin made for dogs is typically a better option. Human aspirin has a coating on it that helps to protect the human stomach from irritation. Your dog cannot digest this coating, so the medication may not provide the desired effects.
Although relatively safe in humans, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs can be extremely harmful to dogs. Poisoning may happen when pets get into the owner`s medications. In some cases, owners may administer ibuprofen to treat their pet`s pain prior to consulting a veterinarian.
Should your vet prescribe paracetamol for your dog, it`s likely that it will be a dosage of 10mg per kilogram, and should only be given once a day for one or two days.
Believe it or not, dogs feel pain to a similar extent that humans do. In fact, dogs can handle similar intensities of all types of pain to humans. For example, stomach-related pain and tooth-related pain in a dog are perceived much the same way that we would perceive this type of pain.
What are the typical signs of pain in dogs? General behaviour: Shaking, flattened ears, low posture, aggression, grumpy temperament, panting or crying, excessive licking or scratching a specific area, reluctant to play, interact or exercise, lameness (limping), stiffness after rest, loss of appetite.
Paracetamol poisoning in dogs can be very serious, potentially causing your dog to go into kidney or liver failure. If you think that your dog has ingested a large quantity of paracetamol, you will need to seek emergency veterinary care. Symptoms to watch for include: Labored breathing.
If your pet has ingested paracetamol, contact your veterinarian immediately and take your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Do not induce vomiting unless your vet instructs you to.
Yes, dogs can eat bananas. In moderation, bananas are a great low-calorie treat for dogs. They`re high in potassium, vitamins, biotin, fiber, and copper. They are low in cholesterol and sodium, but because of their high sugar content, bananas should be given as a treat, not part of your dog`s main diet.
The most common type of medication is corticosteroids, which can be given orally or injected. Other options include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), pain relievers, and immune system suppressants.
In addition to ulcers, increasing doses of ibuprofen eventually lead to kidney failure and, if left untreated, can be fatal. Symptoms of ibuprofen toxicity in a dog may include not eating, vomiting, black tarry stools, abdominal pain, weakness, lethargy, increased thirst and increased urination.
Many animals also exhibit more complex behavioural and physiological changes indicative of the ability to experience pain: they eat less food, their normal behaviour is disrupted, their social behaviour is suppressed, they may adopt unusual behaviour patterns, they may emit characteristic distress calls, experience …
But what about animals? With them, we can only really know what we`ve observed — but it sure does seem like some animals have a conscious awareness of pain. In the wild, hurt animals nurse their wounds, make noises to show distress, and even become reclusive.
Paracetamol can be toxic to dogs in high doses. Dogs can safely consume 15mg of paracetamol per kilogram of their bodyweight, however any dose greater than this can make them sick. A single tablet of human paracetamol contains 500mg, so it certainly isn`t safe for your dog to eat.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, help reduce swelling, stiffness, and joint pain in humans, and they can do the same for your dog. They can bring relief to a dog with arthritis or one who`s just had surgery. But don`t give your pooch something from your medicine cabinet.
Dogs feel pain for many of the same reasons as humans: infections, dental problems, arthritis, bone disease and cancer. They also feel discomfort following surgical procedures. Unfortunately, unlike humans, they are unable to speak to us about when and where they hurt.
Some dogs remain stoically quiet when they`re hurting but others, especially young dogs who have not experienced physical discomfort, may whimper and cry when they`re feeling pain. Your presence may provide comfort and lead them to stop whining. It does not, however, mean they are no longer hurting.
According to Dr. Brian Hare, a canine cognition specialist, our dogs do know we love them. Dogs and humans have the ability to form a special neural connection. This connection is the same human oxytocin bonding pathway used by parents and babies.
How Long Can a Dog Go Without Food? Dogs can usually go three to five days without food, however, this is not ideal. If your dog has gone two days without food, it is highly recommended you call a veterinarian if you haven`t already. More important than your dog eating is their water intake.
Your vet may suggest making the animal vomit if ingestion just occurred, but your pet may also need intravenous fluid support or treatment with specific medications and antidotes to combat the toxin.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Can I give my 20 pound Cocker Spaniel something for pain until the veterinarian’s office opens?
ANSWER : A. Not really. Human pain killers are neither safe nor effective for pain in dogs. What is more, if you use of one human pain killers like paracetamol your vet will not able to use most of the licensed pain killers for the next 12-24hrs.

Read Full Q/A … : Causes of Limping in Dogs

Q. Shiba Inu. He periodically shakes and trembles, usually unrpovoked and seeming for no reason. Usually cuddling helps but not always. Becomes reclusive
ANSWER : A. I do find that Shiba Inu’s are a really sensitive breed. I think the first thing to rule out is pain. That could be pain from a muscle injury or even gastrointestinal pain. Try to pinpoint whether it occurs after a meal or not. He might be painful due to something going on in his GI tract, and the pain is at its worse after he eats.

I’ve also seen a lot of small breeds like Shibas get back pain, and shaking can definitely accompany that as well. If you haven’t see your vet who can perform a good physical exam and look for any signs of muscular pain along the spine or elsewhere. It’s not a bad idea at this point to consider doing some blood work just to screen for any problems that could be affecting organ function, for example.

If he’s healthy otherwise, I think it’s likely that there’s something that’s scaring him at home. These things can be really difficult to identify, and you have to be really aware and note exactly when the shaking occurs, how long it lasts, etc, and look for patterns. Dogs can hear things we can’t, and he may be hearing things you’re missing, and the noise is disturbing to him. Cuddling is a good idea, also working to distract him and desensitize him with toys and treats might help. But like I said above – definitely rule out pain first.

Q. My 5 year old Dachshund has broken his rear leg. A trip to the vet is impossible for two more days (rural area), can I give him something for pain?
ANSWER : A. If your dog has a broken leg, then veterinary care is a must. If you can get into contact with your local vet before seeing him or her, they may be able to give you information on an OTC pain medication that could be safe to give dogs. Do not attempt to give any medications without first consulting your vet as many pain meds can cause kidney/liver failure or stomach ulceration if given to dogs. In the meantime, keep your dog on strict kennel or bed rest and only taking him out for short potty breaks is best to keep pain down and from letting the leg get further injured.

Q. My dog has hip problems. Can I give him Aleve or other aspirin to help with the pain?
ANSWER : A. Do NOT give your dog over the counter pain medications such as Aleve, Ibuprofen or Aspirin unless specifically instructed by your vet. These medications can cause serious problems such as ulceration of the stomach, or kidney/liver dysfunction if given in the wrong dosage or too often.

If your dog is experiencing painful hips, your vet can provide you with pain medications that are designed for use in dogs. These medications are much safer to give and have fewer side effects. Additionally, supplements with glucosamine and chondroitin may help to relieve pain and soreness associated with hip problems.

Q. My dog was stung by a wasp inside his ear. He has been holding that side of his head down and shakes his head a lot. What can I give him for pain?
ANSWER : A. You can give some benedryl tablets 25mg tablets and dose at 1 mg per pound, (e.g. 25 pounds=25 miligrams= 1 tablet if the tablets are 25mg) to help with the allergic part of it. Pain wise there is nothing you can give OTC to help. He needs to see a vet for pain meds. Make sure you locate and remove the stinger also.

Q. How much Tylenol to I give my dog for her pain?
ANSWER : A. Tylenol (acetaminophen – the active ingredient in the United States) has been shown to be TOXIC when given to dogs and cats and should never be used as a pain reliever for your pets. Please do not give this medication to your dog. If your dog is in pain please seek the advice of your veterinarian and ask for pet friendly pain medication.

Q. Whenever I take my dog on walks he always barks at people and others dogs in my neighborhood. What should I do to resolve the problem
ANSWER : A. The very first thing to do is to make sure your dog is getting sufficient physical and mental exercise every day. A tired dog is a good, happy dog and one who is less likely to bark from boredom or frustration. Depending on his breed, age, and health, your dog may require several long walks as well as a good game of chasing the ball and playing with some interactive toys.

Figure out what he gets out of barking and remove it. Don’t give your dog the opportunity to continue the barking behavior.

Ignore your dog’s barking for as long as it takes him to stop. That means don’t give him attention at all while he’s barking. Your attention only rewards him for being noisy. Don’t talk to, don’t touch, or even look at him. When he finally quiets, even to take a breath, reward him with a treat. To be successful with this method, you must wait as long as it takes for him to stop barking. Yelling at him is the equivalent of barking with him.

Get your dog accustomed to whatever causes him to bark. Start with whatever makes him bark at a distance. It must be far enough away that he doesn’t bark when he sees it. Feed him lots of good treats. Move the stimulus a little closer (perhaps as little as a few inches or a few feet to start) and feed treats. If the stimulus moves out of sight, stop giving your dog treats. You want your dog to learn that the appearance of the stimulus leads to good things.

Teach your dog the ‘quiet’ command. Oddly, the first step is to teach your dog to bark on command. Give your dog the command to “speak,” wait for him to bark two or three times, and then stick a tasty treat in front of his nose. When he stops barking to sniff the treat, praise him and give him the treat. Repeat until he starts barking as soon as you say “speak.” Once your dog can reliably bark on command, teach him the “quiet” command. In a calm environment with no distractions, tell him to “speak.” When he starts barking, say “quiet” and stick a treat in front of his nose. Praise him for being quiet and give him the treat.

As in all training, always end training on a good note, even if it is just for obeying something very simple, like the ‘sit’ command. If you dog regresses in training, go back to the last thing he did successfully and reinforce that before moving on again. Keep sessions short, 15-20 minutes max, and do this several times a day.

Q. What can I give my cat for pain he got nutered. Today …
ANSWER : A. Cat can only take cat pain killers (metacam in most cases), all human pain killers are extremely dangerous for them. usually neutering of males is not very painful, he might just look out of it because of the anesthesia and he probably got a pain killer injection already today.

If by tomorrow you are still concerned, give your vet a call.

Read Full Q/A … : Pain Meds for Cats – WebMD