Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Reinforce crate training. The crate should only be big enough for him to stand, turn around and lay down. He should go out first thing in the morning, then on a regular schedule. If possible, have a friend, family member or dog walker visit to let him outside during the day. Medications or supplements will likely not help.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Medications that increase urethral sphincter tone such as phenylpropanolamine (PPA), or hormone replacements such as estrogen or diethylstilbestrol (DES), are commonly used alone and in combination. Many dogs that respond poorly to PPA alone will benefit from a combination of PPA and DES.
Treating urinary incontinence requires medications that strengthen the muscles and nerves that control urination, such as phenylpropanolamine. For spayed females, adding some hormones back (generally estrogen in the form of DES or diethylstilbestrol) may be the key.
A bee pollen dietary supplement for pets with wild yam root and licorice is best for female dogs with loss of bladder control. Phytoestrogens provided by licorice and wild yam may help strengthen the bladder and sphincter muscles and improve muscle tone.
Testosterone may be given to male dogs with urinary incontinence. A weak urethral sphincter is treated with phenylpropanolamine. In cases like bladder stones and congenital abnormalities, your vet may recommend surgery. Surgical treatment is important especially when medication alone does not solve the problem.
Several medical conditions can result in inappropriate urination or urinary incontinence in a dog: Urinary tract infection. Uroliths (urinary bladder stones) Excessive drinking of water (which can be caused by diabetes mellitus, hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing`s disease, diabetes insipidus, and kidney failure)
Vinegar can help dogs and cats that suffer from urinary tract infections. However, before trying a vinegar remedy, you will first need to find out what the pH is in your pet`s urine, Morgan says. “If the pH is above 7, then apple cider vinegar is your best friend,” Morgan says.
Urinary incontinence in dogs can often be successfully treated or managed with surgery and medications. Specific treatment of an underlying disease or condition with surgery or medications may resolve incontinence.
Your veterinarian can confirm the nature of your pet`s food-related incontinence by running tests to check for the presence of allergy antibodies. An elimination diet, which switches out one suspected allergen at a time until the symptoms finally stop, can pinpoint a specific ingredient that your pet needs to avoid.
Clean soiled areas thoroughly with a cleaner specifically designed to eliminate urine odor. Make previously soiled areas inaccessible or unattractive. If this is not possible, try to change the significance of those areas to your pet. Feed, treat, and play with your pet in the areas where he marks.
Increased water intake can be a sign of many different conditions. Kidney failure, diabetes mellitus, and Cushing`s disease are the most common causes in senior dogs. Increased water consumption may also be seen with dehydration, however, this condition may be seen in dogs of all ages.
How Often Should My Dog Pee? Dogs seem to have an endless supply of urine to mark their territory. However, under usual circumstances, healthy adult dogs need to relieve themselves three to five times a day, according to Dr. Klein.
Vitamin C is one of the most popular vitamins for good reason! Vitamin C intake is also a helpful resource when it comes to urinary incontinence, as it can act as an antioxidant that can reduce inflammation in the bladder leading to decreased urinary urgency and improve overall bladder health.
While we mentioned above some beverages that irritate your bladder, there are also some things you can drink to try to help soothe your bladders, such as plain water, milk, and no-sugar-added cranberry juice. They`re also foods you can eat to soothe your bladder and keep it at its healthiest.
Dogs respond well to positive reinforcement. Don`t avoid interacting with your dog during submissive urination episodes. If you simply walk away, your dog won`t understand your response to this behavior. Instead, try to redirect their attention and build their confidence using commands they do know.
Apple Cider Vinegar For Dog Skin Allergies

ACV can help relieve itchy skin and rashes caused by yeast and poison ivy. The best way to apply it is by making a 50/50 solution of apple cider vinegar and water in a spray bottle. Apply it directly onto itchy spots. Caution: Do NOT put it on open wounds.

How to Feed It: The simplest way to offer your dog apple cider vinegar is to add some to his water bowl. Use no more than one tablespoon per 50 pounds of bodyweight and limit your use to twice a week.
Non-Toxic Pet Odor Solutions

Try these easy, effective, non-toxic DIY solutions to naturally remove pet odors from your home: Disinfectant and Room Spray – Mix ¼ cup vodka, 1 cup water and 15 drops lavender essential oil in a spray bottle.

For dogs, citrus scents are the enemy. Citrus scents like lemon, lime, oranges, and grapefruit–especially in high concentrations often found in household cleaners or essential oils–can cause irritation to your pup`s respiratory tract, so keep any fresh citrus fruits out of your dog`s reach.
Incontinence in dogs often begins when the pet enters middle age, but different breeds become middle-aged at different times. For example, very large dogs are considered middle-aged when they reach around five while small terriers are still considered young at this age.
If your dog drinks a lot of water, he or she may be unable to get to the door and alert you in time. However, often behind the increased drinking and urinating behavior (medically known as polydipsia and polyuria), there may be a condition such as diabetes, Cushing`s disease, or kidney failure.
Foods that are known to aggravate UTIs include asparagus, spinach, raw carrots, tomatoes, and dairy products. Additionally, one of the largest determining factors in your dog`s ability to fight off UTIs will be their hydration levels.
Make a solution of baking soda, peroxide and any dish detergent. The combination of the three is often powerful enough to drive away strong urine smells. The solutions is eight fluid ounces of peroxide, three tablespoons of baking soda, and a few drops of dish detergent.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Male neutered cat [1 1/2 years old] has just started trying to spray everywhere around the house. Nothing is coming out. No recent changes.
ANSWER : A. Changes in urinary habits can be caused by a number of things, especially in neutered male cats. Attempting to urinate or have accidents in places other than the litter box can often be a sign of a urinary tract infection, or crystals and debris in the bladder causing problems. Pets may need to go more frequently, may dribble or urinate in small amounts more often, may have accidents or may have blood-tinged or cloudy urine.Infections are usually treated with medications and changes to the diet, however in some cases of large stones or crystals surgery may be needed.

Male cats can also experience urinary blockage. This is due to a unique anatomical part or the urethra that forms a U-shape before exiting the body in male cats. If a cat has crystals or other debris in the urine, it can block at this point preventing urine from being able to exit. Cats may attempt to urinate without producing anything, may become very vocal (indicating pain) or may have a hunched back, full abdomen or pain in the abdomen (protecting the very full bladder). Urinary blockage IS a medical emergency so if suspected, your vet or local emergency clinic should be contacted immediately. Treatment usually involves a hospital stay and catheterization of the bladder to remove the blockage and allow urine to drain followed by medications and a change in diet to prevent further problems.

It is best to try and collect a sample of urine and make an appointment for your cat if he has had a change in urinary habits. If you do suspect a blockage, then contact your vet ASAP is best.

Q. Can I give my male two year old boxer/lab nutrivet chewables to prevent urinating in the house while I’m at work?
ANSWER : A. Reinforce crate training. The crate should only be big enough for him to stand, turn around and lay down. He should go out first thing in the morning, then on a regular schedule. If possible, have a friend, family member or dog walker visit to let him outside during the day. Medications or supplements will likely not help.

Q. Why is my male dog recently peeing on the furniture?
ANSWER : A. Sudden changes in behavior or habits such as suddenly having accidents can sometimes have a medical basis behind them. Common causes such as urinary tract infections may cause a dog to begin urinating in the house, going more frequently, or having cloudy or blood-tinged urine. It is always a good idea to schedule a wellness exam with your local vet to check for any health issues prior to looking for behavioral ones.

If your dog checks out healthy, other things could be causing his change in behavior. If he is not neutered and is reaching puberty (usually around 7-8 months of age, though it does vary by breed), he may be starting to have a marking behavior. This is when a male dog lifts his leg and leaves just a little bit of urine behind to mark that he was there. Neutering can sometimes help stop or decrease the behavior though it may take several months for results as it takes some time for the surge in hormones to leave the body. Stress, or anxiety if another dog or person in the house may also make the behavior appear as a dog tries to claim his place in the household, or if he is stressed out by another pet.

Be sure to also clean any accident areas with an enzymatic cleaner. These cleaners are designed to break down urine particles and remove scent, making it so your dog cannot smell where he has had an accident before. This can sometimes prevent dogs from repeatedly urinating on an area they had staked out before.

Q. Does an indoor cat need to be vaccinated every year?
ANSWER : A. In practice, I recommend a feline combo vaccine every year, but will generally start administering every 3 years once they have had their kitten vaccines and 2 additional yearly vaccines. Rabies, is required yearly by law, and if kept up to date can be good for up to three years also. Based on the age of your cat I would give a yearly feline combo and rabies, and then boost the combo again next year.

Q. I have a 1yr old male 38 lb Labradoodle and my gf just brought a month old kitten home. Can they interact? If not, for how long?
ANSWER : A. Interactions whenever a new pet is brought into the house should start off slow, then can be increased in time. The best steps when introducing a new cat is to allow your cat or kitten to have a room in the house all to him or herself. Allow your dog to sniff under the door to get used to the kitten’s scent, and even show your dog articles such as bedding the cat has slept on. After a few days, an introduction with your dog on leash, or a barrier such as a gate where both pets can look at each other but not see each other is best. This will allow each to get used to seeing the other without the ability to jump, bite or scratch the other. Once the two are used to this, then a face to face interaction can begin. If at any time a fight or scuffle breaks out, separate the two pets and try again at a later time. The amount of time this introduction takes can vary depending on how the two react to each other.

Until your kitten is older, or you are sure both are fine together, do not leave the two pets together unattended. Even a well-meaning and playful dog can accidentally break a leg of a kitten or worse without meaning to! A safe room for your kitten to be in while you are away, or a barrier to allow your kitten to escape to safety if needed will help until both are big enough to play alone safely.

Read Full Q/A … : Dogs and Jealousy

Q. I have a 13 1/2 year old Shih Tzu. How old is he in dog years?
ANSWER : A. It’s used to be that dog years were 7 years to every 1. Now it normally around 5 years to every year as long as your dog is healthy and kept up with vaccines. So he’s about 68ish in dog years.

Read Full Q/A … : Shih Tzu Age

Q. Male cat, 6 yrs old, neutered, good health. Suddenly urinating too often/sporadic. Now 4 days into this behavior, what can I do?
ANSWER : A. Sudden changes in urinary behavior such as an increase in frequency, sudden accidents in the house, or your cat attempting to urinate resulting in only a dribble, pain, or blood-tinged and cloudy urine can all indicate a possible bladder infection. Bringing in a sample of your cat’s urine (if possible) or bringing him in for a check-up is best to determine if this is the case. Your vet can then prescribe an antibiotic to help clear issues up.

Male neutered cats are more prone to lower urinary tract diseases as well as urinary blockages due to their unique anatomy. Their urethra makes a U-shaped turn prior to exiting the body and is a prime place for even small crystals or other urinary debris to become stuck and cause a partial or complete blockage. Signs of this blockage can include pain in the abdomen, constant pacing and meowing and attempting to go to the litter box multiple times without success. Blocked urinary tracts ARE a medical emergency and if suspected should be brought to a vet or ER clinic immediately.

Q. One0f my pitbull I believe to be flea they ar black scraew on her skin what can get for her
ANSWER : A. In flea control, you get what you pay for. Invest in a good quality flea control product from your vet, such as Comfortis and be faithful about giving it on time. Also, you will need to treat your house and yard to further help keep fleas off your dog.For every flea you see on your pet, there re 100 more in the environment. Treat carpet, rugs and under furniture and in corners, even on hardwood and tile with a product that contains an Insect Growth Regulator (IGR). This will prevent the eggs from maturing into adult fleas. Do the same in your yard,concentrating on areas under bushes and along the foundations where it is cooler, not out on open sunny areas as much. Alternatively, you can use borax powder, available in the laundry section of the grocery store, to treat rugs and carpeting. Sprinkle over the surface, work it into the fiber with a broom and leave it down. You can wait a few hours or even days before vacuuming it up, it won’t hurt you or your pets. Another alternative is food grade diatomaceous earth, available at health food stores. Apply and work it in in a similar way. Vacuum your floors DAILY, and empty the canister or take the to an outside receptacle and close it up in a plastic bag, tied shut. If the problem is severe, ask your vet for a dose of Capstar.This is a pill that kills all fleas on the dog, starting as soon as five minutes after giving it, but only works for 24 hours. This can help you get a head start on treatment. Be patient, you may need to repeat house and yard treatment every 10-14 days a few times in a row to get the flea population under control.

Read Full Q/A … : R