Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Many people believe that puppy strangles (juvenile cellulitis) is heritable, however no link has been proven. Some breeds, like golden retrievers, get the disease more frequently, so this leds us to believe that it is being passed on. Most people do not recommend breeding dogs that have had the disease as puppies because of the strong suspicion that it is heritable.

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While it can also be seen in mixed breed dogs, puppy strangles is suspected as being due to a genetic, inherited association. It typically occurs in young puppies – typically between 3 weeks of age and less than 4 months of age – and is rarely seen in adult dogs.
This condition is currently regarded as idiopathic, meaning that its cause is unknown. The condition does appear to have an immune-mediated component, meaning that the puppy`s immune system is attacking its own skin. Juvenile cellulitis may have a hereditary component.
The cause of puppy strangles is unknown, but it is thought to be due to a dysregulation of the puppy`s immune system. Puppy strangles results in facial swelling (edema), pustular dermatitis, and lymph node enlargement. Puppy strangles is not contagious to other dogs or humans.
Also called juvenile cellulitis or juvenile pyoderma, the underlying cause of puppy strangles is unknown. Three dog breeds — Golden Retrievers, Gordon Setter, and Dachshunds — appear to be more susceptible to the disease, although it can affect other mixed dog breeds as well.
It is important to avoid popping any pustules as this can be painful to your dog and make it easier for a bacterial infection to set in. There is no known way to prevent puppy strangles at this time, but once it is treated it usually does not flare up again.
Carriers can be treated (in isolation) by guttural pouch medication (involving repeated flushing with sterile saline and appropriate antibiotics) Some cases form infected hard lumps of pus in the guttural pouches.
Horses become infected through inhalation or ingestion of the bacterium. This can occur through horse-to-horse contact, drinking contaminated water, or making contact with infected material or equipment. Disease severity varies and is dependent upon the horse`s immune status and the dose and strain of the bacteria.
Use separate drinking water and feed buckets to other horses and prevent nose to nose contact. Even two layers of electric fence 2 metres apart to separate horses in the same field, preventing nose to nose contact and the sharing of drinking water can be effective at preventing the spread of Strangles.
A rare but serious immune-mediated disorder called Puppy Strangles may occasionally be seen in young dogs between 3 weeks and 4 months of age. It begins with acute swelling of the muzzle, eyes, lips, ears, and lymph nodes. Within 24-48 hours, papules, draining pustules, and crusts develop in these areas.
Transmission to Humans.

In rare cases, humans have contracted infections from the bacteria that cause Strangles. To prevent human infection, people caring for horses with Strangles should avoid getting any nasal or abscess discharge from the horse on their eyes, nose, or mouth.

Improperly cleaned and shared buckets, stalls, and tack can spread the disease between horses. Fortunately, the bacteria die fairly quickly in the environment. Once a horse is exposed to the bacteria, it will begin to show symptoms in two to six days.
This means that strangles can also survive on your clothing, on your hands, or in your hair and be transferred from one horse to another. The strangles bacteria can live in the environment for up to several weeks, depending on its living conditions (temperature, humidity, location). HOW CAN I PREVENT IT?
Kill the bacteria easily by heat and disinfectants such as an iodine-based disinfectant, chlorhexidine, or hot steam spray. Eliminating its spread will require steps such as: Cleaning and disinfecting water buckets and feed containers daily. Scrubbing to disinfect any stall areas contaminated by an infected animal.
The earliest signs of strangles are usually fever (a resting temperature above 38.5oc) and being off-colour. As the disease progresses it can cause: Thick nasal discharge. Swollen lymph nodes around the horse`s head.
Diagnostic testing to detect shedding of the bacteria which causes Strangles in horses, Streptococcus equi, currently includes bacterial isolation by aerobic culture and subsequent biochemical identification, and bacterial DNA detection by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test.
Strangles is endemic within the UK. This means that it is relatively common within the horse population. Outbreaks cause major economic problems, particularly on big yards, as affected yards should not allow horses to leave or enter the premises during this period.
How common is strangles? Strangles is highly contagious. It can spread rapidly from animal to animal and is one of the more common bacterial infections of horses.
PINNACLE ® I.N. is the only two-dose modified-live vaccine developed to help prevent strangles caused by S. equi. PINNACLE I.N. utilizes a specially designed cannula that helps deliver the vaccine to the pharyngeal (throat) area.
How long do horses with, or exposed to, strangles need to quarantined? At least 4 weeks after the disappearance of ALL clinical signs.
Nearly 100% of the animals in an exposed herd may be infected, but the mortality rate of strangles is typically 8.1%. Death is generally attributed to nervous system infections, pneumonia, or abscesses developing in the internal organs.
Strangles is painful and debilitating and immediate veterinary intervention is recommended. Treatment includes antibacterials, opening and draining any existing abscesses, providing pain relief and general supportive care, including minimising any sources of stress.
Clinical signs

depression. fever. nasal discharge, which rapidly increases in quantity and smell. enlarged and painful lymph nodes in the throat, causing difficulty in breathing and swallowing.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. How do I get my dog to stop chewing on things? I kennel her when I leave for a few hours, but I can’t go to the mailbox without her eating something.
ANSWER : A. If she’s young, then this is just normal puppy behavior. Don’t worry about it. The thing about puppies is, they explore using their mouths. If your puppy grabs a coat hanger, or a slipper, you should roll up a newspaper, and smack yourself on the head with it for leaving those things out.. your puppy is going to explore things, that’s normal! It is 100% up to YOU to keep those things away from your puppy when your puppy is unsupervised… even for just a moment.

Remember to never scold your puppy for grabbing these things. They are just curious little cuties, and they don’t chew things up to bother us.. Dogs do not have intentional thought, so they aren’t ever doing anything ON PURPOSE to us.. The most important thing you can do when your puppy is chewing something you don’t want her to be chewing is TRADE her the inappropriate item with a toy of hers, so she understands “no honey, that isn’t what puppies chew on… THIS is what puppies chew on!” and then begin playing with her using her toy to show her that TOYS ARE FUN.. Way more fun than a boring ol’ coat hanger.

Another helpful thing you can do is have two bags of toys. In each bag is many different kinds of toys. Lots of chew toys, lots of soft squeaky toys, lots of rope-type toys, a bunch of balls.. All kinds of things! For one week you have bag#1’s toys out for your puppy to play with.. At the end of the one week, you collect those toys, and you bring out bag#2! The toys will be more interesting/feel like new to your puppy, which will in-turn, make her chew less inappropriate things. Her toys are too fun to care about that dumb Wii-mote that you left laying around.

Hope this helps!

Q. My puppy is urinating a lot. And the lady I gave one of the puppies to said she thinks her puppy has diabetes could my puppy have it to
ANSWER : A. It is not likely that either one of these puppies has diabetes. It is very uncommon for a puppy that young to have diabetes. If your puppy is straining to urinate or is urinating very small amounts frequently and cannot seem to wait for very long between urination, he may have a urinary tract infection. It is quite possible that your puppy is completely normal. I would suggest an exam with your veterinarian and discuss the behavior with them. They may suggest a urinalysis. Your puppy should be going to the vet at 3 week intervals for vaccinations at this age, so you can discuss it when he has his next set of vaccines. The other person with the other puppy should also be taking hers to a vet for proper immunizations and she should also discuss her concerns with her vet.

Q. What kind of food is recommended for a puppy Labrador and how often should I feed him?
ANSWER : A. Puppy food is designed specifically for the nutritional needs of young and still growing dogs, with twice the daily nutritional requirements that a mature dog needs.

Puppies are growing and developing rapidly — in their bones, muscles, joints, internal organs and immune system, to name but a few of the developmental needs that are being met by nutrition. A well balanced puppy food contains those nutrients that a puppy specifically need for this purpose, nutrients that are not necessary once the puppy has finished growing into a dog and that are not added to adult formula dog foods. For example, to build a strong body, puppy food contains about 30 percent protein, as well as the vitamins and minerals that are needed for a puppy to be healthy.

Q. What solid food should I start 4 week old Pit Bull puppies on?
ANSWER : A. A puppy food designed for large breed puppies can help with rapidly growing bones and joints and can be given in a wet form easily to puppies learning to eat solids. You can also provide a dry kibble for them to try and should moisten it with water or some formula to make it easier for the puppies to eat and digest. As the puppies grow and their teeth come in, they will begin to eat and explore more of the solid food on their own.

Mom should also be on a Puppy formula while nursing her puppies as it will provide extra nutrients to both her and babies while they are in a very rapid stage of growth!

Q. How long should I feed puppy food to my puppy?
ANSWER : A. A puppy should be given puppy food from around the time that the mother begins weaning her pups until the puppy reaches about the age of one year. This is generally true for all dogs, unless your veterinarian has concerns about your puppy’s growth. Under those circumstances, your veterinarian will make alternate recommendations for your puppy’s diet. Otherwise, around one year, you may begin giving your puppy an adult formula dog food at meal times.

Read Full Q/A … : What should you feed a puppy?

Q. From whom should I get my puppy? The local shelter, my neighbor, a breeder, or a pet supply store?
ANSWER : A. Many people believe that it is better to get a puppy from a reliable breeder. While there are benefits to this, there are benefits to some of the other available options as well. A reliable breeder will introduce you to the puppy’s mother and will allow you to see the environment in which the mother and her puppies live. Often, breeders will also supply background genetic and familial information, so you will know what to expect for your puppy’s future health and temperament. The same can be true for a well-known neighbor with whom you are friendly and familiar with his or her dog.

Alternatively, you can find a puppy in need of a warm and stable home at your local shelter. Here, the benefit is in knowing that you are supporting a worthy service, as you save the life of a dog that would not have had a chance without you.

Q. Can puppy strangles possibly be genetic?
ANSWER : A. Many people believe that puppy strangles (juvenile cellulitis) is heritable, however no link has been proven. Some breeds, like golden retrievers, get the disease more frequently, so this leds us to believe that it is being passed on. Most people do not recommend breeding dogs that have had the disease as puppies because of the strong suspicion that it is heritable.

Q. How do I tech my puppy to tell me when he needs to go outside to go potty?
ANSWER : A. I would suggest that you have a one on one consultation with a Petcoach consultant such as myself and I would suggest that you sign your puppy up for a puppy class. Puppy class Dog trainers help teach their students everything and anything concerning puppy care and training. They can help you with potty training, biting, chewing, toys, care, commands, ect. Also you will be able to socialize your puppy with other puppies at a young age which you NEED to do! If you have a dog that was never socialized with other dogs it will become fearful and even aggressive and bite other dogs later in life.