ted leg.

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. You should take her to your vet to get pain relief for her. It is likely that she will get better once she has good pain killer on board.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Dog knuckling is a neurological condition where a dog`s paw or paws bend under, causing them to walk on the top of its paw or knuckles rather than its pads. It is a sign of a problem with the dog`s nervous system and can be caused by various conditions, including injury, disease, or spinal cord degeneration.
Walking may become difficult as joints seize up. Dogs with OA will often be stiff after laying down for periods of time. The most common disease that can result in knuckling in senior dogs is osteoarthritis (OA).
The most common causes of knuckling are neurological problems, such as intervertebral disc disease (bulging or herniated discs in between the spinal bones), degenerative myelopathy, cervical spondylomyelopathy (Wobblers), nerve damage, fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE), cauda equina syndrome, and cancer of the spinal …
When a dog`s foot rolls under as he or she stands or walks, we refer to this a knuckling. Because the dog may end up dragging the foot, paw knuckling can cause physical injury to the top or sides of the foot. Overall, knuckling is far less common in dogs than limping, but it is still important to recognize.
Common Proprioception Exercises

This is when your pet steps over poles to make them think about paw placement. Underwater treadmill sessions with “patterning” or the use of the No-Knuckling Training Sock are effective in helping your pet build strength and proprioception.

Stage 4: Pain can be severe at this stage. Lack of mobility is a life threatening disease – dogs who can`t get up or walk anymore usually are euthanized. This is the stage we are trying to prevent by intervening early. At this stage, the pet may resist, cry or even scream when the joint range of motion is tested.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex condition involving inflammation and degeneration of one or more joints. Dogs with OA experience pain and inflammation in various joints that interfere with the activities of daily living.
This condition can be caused for many different reasons that could be minor or severe such as neurological disorders, nerve damage, and sore paws. If you notice your dog knuckling you should call your vet because the reason for it could be a serious condition that may be fatal.
Lupoid onychodystrophy, sometimes called lupoid onychitis, is a disease that affects the toenails or claws of dogs. The disease usually affects multiple claws on all four paws.
The following signs may be seen in dogs who have experienced a spinal stroke: Loss of coordination (ataxia). Characteristic knuckling gait where they are unable to right the paws.
A Spinal Stroke or Fibrocartilaginous embolism occurs when a piece of the vertebral disc breaks off and impedes blood flow to neurons in the spinal cord. When the blood flow to neurons in the spinal cord get cut off, the neurons die resulting in leg paralysis.
As horrible as all of this sounds, degenerative myelopathy is not painful That being said, dogs that suffer from degenerative myelopathy may become sore from overuse of other areas of their body while trying to compensate for their hind end weakness.
Walking is a great way to strengthen your dog`s back legs. If you`re walking your pet, keep it slow and short. After all, a long walk could end up doing more harm than good. You could take your dog for a swim or try stretching your pet`s hind legs for more strength.
Sudden lameness in dogs is often attributed to intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). IVDD occurs when an intervertebral disc`s gel-like center becomes dry and brittle enough to rupture through the outer fibrous ring, compressing your dog`s spinal cord.
Or perhaps your dog is having trouble walking all of a sudden. This can happen as a dog gets older, or it could result from an injury or illness. Instead of brushing it off when your dog has trouble standing or walking to see if it gets better with time, call your vet and schedule an appointment immediately.
Dogs can start to show signs of arthritis as early as 1 year of age. According to the Vet Times (pdf), the degenerative joint condition can be found in 20% of dogs before their first year and 80% of more senior dogs at or over age 8.
Arthritis is a long-term condition that needs life-long management. Arthritis slowly worsens over time, but if well managed, most dogs can live happily for many years after diagnosis. Let your vet know if you think your dog`s pain isn`t well controlled or you see symptoms returning.
End-stage arthritis is the progressive wearing down of the cartilage that is present between the bones of a joint causing the bones to come in contact with each other and painfully rub against each other during movement of the joint. This results in severe pain with loss of movement and function.
Without treatment, it will get worse and worse. We sometimes hear canine osteoarthritis called degenerative joint disease. With this condition, the joint cartilage degrades and slowly disappears. This is protective connective tissue, and when it wears down, bones grind against each other.
Since the degeneration of the joints and increase in joint inflammation tend to be progressive over time, dogs may go through various stages of osteoarthritis. Sometimes arthritis progresses quickly and other times that progression may take years.
Medically Managing Labrador Arthritis

One of the most common treatment options for arthritis in Labradors is medication. Your veterinarian may prescribe pain medication, anti-inflammatory medication or a combination of both, depending on the severity of the condition.

Arthritis symptoms include stiffness, lameness, or limping after rest; appetite loss or unusual weight gain; inactivity and sleeping more; reluctance to walk, run or climb stairs; unusual urinating in the house; and irritability and other behavioral changes.
Causes For Limping In Dogs

Strains or tears (ligaments, tendons, muscles) Something painful stuck in their paw. Insect bite or sting. Trauma, such as broken bones.

If the limp doesn`t begin to resolve itself, is becoming worse, or is accompanied with whining or yelping, it`s time to call your vet or visit your nearest emergency vet. Your veterinarian has the training and knowledge to best determine the cause and severity of your pup`s pain.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Curling of the paw.
I have a almost 12 year old Lab who has sever arthritis of her left leg. She has started to curl her paw under the affected leg.
ANSWER : A. You should take her to your vet to get pain relief for her. It is likely that she will get better once she has good pain killer on board.

Q. Why does a dogs pads on his paws turn such a pink color?
ANSWER : A. I’m confused here. Are your dogs paw pads typically black, but they turn a reddish pink? You may want to see your veterinarian about this to make sure there isn’t anything wrong with his paw pads. I’ve met dogs who have extremely fragile paw pads due to some bad genetics.. they end up getting injured on their paws very easily. I’ve met dogs who are unable to even walk on cement without wearing little doggy booties. It could be that your dog is dealing with some serious discomfort, and you want to get that checked out immediately.

If your dogs paw pads just seem a little bit irritated, you may want to try something like “Musher’s Secret” on them. This is an ointment that you rub on your dogs paw pads to keep them healthy, and smooth. I use this in the winter when there is rock salt all over the ground.. it keeps her paw pads from getting irritated and tearing open. It’s like lotioning your skin to keep it from getting dry and cracked. If you think your dog is dealing with something that is a little more extreme than just some dry irritated paw pads, then see your vet immediately instead of purchasing the Musher’s Secret.

Read Full Q/A … : Discolored Pads in Dogs

Q. I have jack Russell 7 years old recently every 4 months my dog legs stretch and he lay flat on floor and he struggles to stand up I pick him up stop
ANSWER : A. Poor guy may have knee problems or arthritic hips. I would recommend having him examined by a veterinarian for localization of what are of the legs are possibly affected. Even an x-ray of the legs can help detect and diagnose arthritis.

To help with arthritis I recommend using Dasuquin chewable tablets daily (available online through Amazon) to start, to see if any improvement with these. If no improvement then stronger meds can be used, available through your vet such as Metacam (an NSAID, non-steriodal anti-inflammatory) +/- Adequan injections.

Q. I have a 13 1/2 year old Shih Tzu. How old is he in dog years?
ANSWER : A. It’s used to be that dog years were 7 years to every 1. Now it normally around 5 years to every year as long as your dog is healthy and kept up with vaccines. So he’s about 68ish in dog years.

Read Full Q/A … : Shih Tzu Age

Q. Does an indoor cat need to be vaccinated every year?
ANSWER : A. In practice, I recommend a feline combo vaccine every year, but will generally start administering every 3 years once they have had their kitten vaccines and 2 additional yearly vaccines. Rabies, is required yearly by law, and if kept up to date can be good for up to three years also. Based on the age of your cat I would give a yearly feline combo and rabies, and then boost the combo again next year.

Q. My dog is a lab. 12 years old and in great health. He has started to lick and swallow pebbles in my back patio area. Can you give me advise. I juse
ANSWER : A. There are two theories one being the dog is lacking minerals and the other is behavioral some dogs will lick and swallow rocks when they’re bored or anxious. So what do you do? Start by ruling out something medical by having him examined by your vet. If its determined he’s healthy and it might be behavioral then you can address the behavioral issue by giving the dog more attention, exercise, etc I would be more than happy to trouble shoot this issue with you through a private consult.

Until you determine what the cause is I would not leave your dog unsupervised where he can ingest pebbles or other foreign objects. If you must leave the house you can consider kenneling (if you’re not already doing so), When you’re out for a walk or break keep a close eye that he does not ingest rocks, ingesting them is very dangerous and might require surgery to remove them.

This type of issue is best addressed through a private consult. There can be several other reasons why your dog is eating pebbles,what I wrote above is just the most common (not saying they apply to your dog) a private consult we will do a Q&A and get to the bottom of this.

Thank you

Q. Dog with arthritis, what can I give him?
ANSWER : A. Arthritis is a common condition in old dogs and cats. I always recommend to start with less and add if necessary. I would start with joint supplements (that contain glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate) because they are been proved to improve the inflammation and pain from the joins affected and they don’t have any side effect on your dog. You need to use them at least 3 weeks to see an effect. If that’s not enough I normally add NSAIDs, like meloxicam (Metacam) or firocoxib(Previcox) but those are medications that can affect renal function especially in old dogs. In that case I always check the dog’s kidneys every 3 months with a quick blood test to know if they can continue on that medication or we need to swap to a different one.

Q. My dog has a hard time walking on his front legs. I was told he has nerve damage and he was walking on three legs now it seems to be both front legs
ANSWER : A. Problems with walking in the front legs can be caused by a large number of things. Arthritis in older dogs can cause joint pain and stiffness which may make walking hard. Nerve or muscular damage may also cause problems.

With nerve or muscle damage there is often a loss of muscle tone in the affected limbs. Limbs may look skinnier than unaffected ones, and may lose overall muscle mass. In some cases, treatment for pain or soreness may help improve symptoms some. Depending on the severity of the damage, some dogs may recover while others have permanent damage.

It may also be that if your dog was putting all his weight on one front leg to help the other, that the good front leg is now stiff and sore. Restricting exercise, giving a supplement to help joints and bones and following your veterinarian’s recommendations for care can all help your dog to feel a little better.