area also?

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. It’s the safest and effective drug for cats. However no drug or therapy is effective in 100% of cases. Cleaning of the area will be beneficial to ged rid of the fungal spores. Remember that you and your family could also get infected.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

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Use warm water to bathe the kitten from the neck down. Wash the kitten with medicated shampoo and lather for five minutes. Use a small sponge to wash the face, avoiding the eyes, nose, and mouth. After five minutes, gently rinse the kitten and towel dry.
Not all antifungals are safe in cats, so it is important to only use medications prescribed by your veterinarian. These drugs are typically given long term (over months) and require treatment for three to four weeks after resolution.
How long will my cat be contagious? Infected pets remain contagious for about three weeks if aggressive treatment is used. The ringworm will last longer and remain contagious for an extended time if only minimal measures are taken or if you are not compliant with the prescribed approach.
It will take at least six weeks or so of repeated treatments to completely cure a feline ringworm infection, he notes, “and maybe a whole lot longer in some cases.”
To kill ringworm spores, clean and disinfect solid surfaces. Launder bedding and other fabric, small area rugs and soft articles. Vacuum upholstered furniture and drapes, and discard the vacuum cleaner bag. Press duct tape to furniture to remove any hair the vacuum missed.
Baths using an antifungal shampoo: A bath should be given three times on an every other day schedule. Bathe exposed but unaffected pets once. These baths are important in getting the spores off the hairs so they do not drop into the environment and result in re-exposure.
Fungi may also develop resistance when you use antifungal medicine for a long time. Skipping doses, stopping treatment too soon or receiving a too-low dose can also lead to antifungal resistance. Antifungal medications treat fungal infections that affect the skin, nails, lungs and other organs.
Topical ointments can often be used to treat fungal skin infection in cats, while the vet may be able to remove skin lesions. Any secondary infections will also be addressed with IV fluids and/or medications, if required. It may take several weeks of treatment before you see improvement.
Humans can contract ringworm by touching an animal with ringworm. Ringworm can spread while petting or grooming cats or dogs with ringworm.
Ringworm needs to be tackled aggressively with topical lime sulfur baths, oral antifungal medication, environmental clean-up, and bathing. Topical treatment includes bathing your cat with a medical lime sulfur dip twice a week.
Fortunately, it is totally treatable and kittens can make a full recovery with care. Ringworm is zoonotic, meaning it is contagious to humans, but fear not: with the proper care and sanitization, it can be easily contained and treated to ensure that you and the other animals that share your home stay fungus-free!
But about 98% of cat ringworm infections are caused by a fungus called Microsporum canis. Cats get ringworm when they come into contact with the fungus that causes the infection. That fungus can live on many surfaces, including blankets, grooming tools, and towels.
Ringworm can also live on surfaces like furniture, clothes, and floors. The fungus can live on dry surfaces for weeks to months. In warm, moist environments, the fungus can survive for up to a year and sometimes longer.
Apple cider vinegar has strong antifungal properties, so it may help treat ringworm when applied topically to the affected area. To use it, soak a cotton ball in undiluted apple cider vinegar and brush the cotton ball over your skin.
Hot water alone can kill the fungus. As an extra precaution, add borax or bleach to your wash along with regular laundry detergent. Borax and bleach can be purchased from a grocery store, and they also kill fungal spores.
Steroid creams can make ringworm worse because they weaken the skin`s defenses. Steroid creams can allow ringworm infections to spread to cover more of the body. Ringworm that has been treated with steroid creams can have an unusual appearance, making it hard for healthcare providers to diagnose.
Fungi can develop resistance to antifungal drugs the same way bacteria can develop resistance to antibiotics. Resistance happens when germs develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them. That means the germs are not killed and continue to grow.
Antifungals target the fungal cell membrane and the fungal cell wall (both structures surround and protect the fungal cells). When either of these structures is compromised, the fungal cell can bursts open causing the contents to leak out and eventually die.
an allergic reaction – your face, neck or tongue may swell and you may have difficulty breathing. a severe skin reaction – such as peeling or blistering skin. liver damage (very rarely) – you may have loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea, jaundice, dark pee or pale poo, tiredness or weakness.
Fungal infections can pose a serious health threat for our feline friends. In some cases, your cat`s fungal infection could even be passed along to you and your family as well as other pets in the household.
In many cases, medicated baths are recommended on a weekly basis. Your veterinarian may recommend bathing more or less frequently, depending on the details of your cat`s particular skin condition. Typically, skin conditions should improve within the first few weeks of using a medicated shampoo.
Cat Antifungal Therapy Considerations

However, the systemic treatments do carry the risk of side effects, including loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and in a worse case scenario, liver or kidney damage.

Ringworm may sometimes cause a more generalized condition where a larger area of the body is affected, often appearing as patchy hair loss. In some more severe cases of ringworm, the skin lesions are raised and nodular. These are called granulomas. These skin lesions may frequently ooze.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Have a kitten with severe ringworm. She has been on Intafungal liquid med 4 times-each time one week. Will this eliminate it?
need to clean area also?
ANSWER : A. It’s the safest and effective drug for cats. However no drug or therapy is effective in 100% of cases. Cleaning of the area will be beneficial to ged rid of the fungal spores. Remember that you and your family could also get infected.

Read Full Q/A … : Ringworm: This Much I Know

Q. My cat will not stop going to the toilet on my carpet, bed, washing pile etc.. Also uses its litter box occasionally? I don’t understand why this is?
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination in cats is often a behavioral problem rather than a medical problem, so the first step is to have him seen by your vet to eliminate any kind of illness or condition as a cause for his eliminating outside the box.
If medical issues are ruled out, take a look at other reasons. Has there been a lot of unusual activity? Has you cat been left at home or boarded? Is the litterbox in a busy area? Has anything happened recently in this area to make him reluctant to use it again? Is there another cat, pet or person that is preventing him from getting to the box? Have you changed it from a hooded to an open box, or vice versa? Is it big enough? Have you changed the type or brand of litter? Is there something attractive about the spot he uses? Cats dislike disturbances to their routine and may act out to express their dissatisfaction.
The general rule is one litter box per cat in the household, plus one. That way each cat can have a place of their own to go in case the box is occupied or another cat has claimed it as territory. They should be scooped daily, if not more often and changed completely weekly, washed with soap and water only. You can offer one kind of litter in one box and another kind in another to see if there is a preference. I don’t recommend the crystals, it makes a hissing sound when wet that startles some cats and make them reluctant to use it again. The litter boxes should be located in a quiet, low-traffic area so that the cat can use them in peace. Make sure any other pets or people aren’t giving them a hard time around or in the litter box. It may take some investigation and experimentation to find your cat’s preference and accommodate him so that everyone is satisfied with the situation. And, when cleaning up pet accidents, don’t use any cleaner containing ammonia. This leaves behind a scent similar to urine.

Q. I have a cat that defecates in the litter box but always urinates outside the box. It is very annoying.
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination in cats is often a behavioral problem rather than a medical problem, so the first step is to have him seen by your vet to eliminate any kind of illness or condition as a cause for his eliminating outside the box.

If medical issues are ruled out, take a look at other reasons. Has there been a lot of unusual activity? Has you cat been left at home or boarded? Is the litterbox in a busy area? Has anything happened recently in this area to make him reluctant to use it again? Is there another cat, pet or person that is preventing him from getting to the box? Have you changed it from a hooded to an open box, or vice versa? Is it big enough? Have you changed the type or brand of litter? Is there something attractive about the spot he uses? Cats dislike disturbances to their routine and may act out to express their dissatisfaction.

The general rule is one litter box per cat in the household, plus one. That way each cat can have a place of their own to go in case the box is occupied or another cat has claimed it as territory. They should be scooped daily, if not more often and changed completely weekly, washed with soap and water only. You can offer one kind of litter in one box and another kind in another to see if there is a preference. I don’t recommend the crystals, it makes a hissing sound when wet that startles some cats and make them reluctant to use it again. The litter boxes should be located in a quiet, low-traffic area so that the cat can use them in peace. Make sure any other pets or people aren’t giving them a hard time around or in the litter box. It may take some investigation and experimentation to find your cat’s preference and accommodate him so that everyone is satisfied with the situation. And, when cleaning up pet accidents, don’t use any cleaner containing ammonia. This leaves behind a scent similar to urine.

Q. Our cat of six years has on two separate occasions has defecated on the living room rug and recently pee’d on the skirt of the Christmas tree.
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination in cats is often a behavioral problem rather than a medical problem, so the first step is to have him seen by your vet to eliminate any kind of illness or condition as a cause for his eliminating outside the box.

If medical issues are ruled out, take a look at other reasons. Has there been a lot of unusual activity? Has you cat been left at home or boarded? Is the litterbox in a busy area? Has anything happened recently in this area to make him reluctant to use it again? Is there another cat, pet or person that is preventing him from getting to the box? Have you changed it from a hooded to an open box, or vice versa? Is it big enough? Have you changed the type or brand of litter? Is there something attractive about the spot he uses? Cats dislike disturbances to their routine and may act out to express their dissatisfaction.

The general rule is one litter box per cat in the household, plus one. That way each cat can have a place of their own to go in case the box is occupied or another cat has claimed it as territory. They should be scooped daily, if not more often and changed completely weekly, washed with soap and water only. You can offer one kind of litter in one box and another kind in another to see if there is a preference. I don’t recommend the crystals, it makes a hissing sound when wet that startles some cats and make them reluctant to use it again. The litter boxes should be located in a quiet, low-traffic area so that the cat can use them in peace. Make sure any other pets or people aren’t giving them a hard time around or in the litter box. It may take some investigation and experimentation to find your cat’s preference and accommodate him so that everyone is satisfied with the situation. And, when cleaning up pet accidents, don’t use any cleaner containing ammonia. This leaves behind a scent similar to urine.

Q. Puppy 1 gave puppy 2 ringworm. How do I kill the ringworm in both? What medication should be bought and administered
ANSWER : A. Do not give any medications to your pet without the advice of your veterinarian. In most cases, otherwise healthy pups will resolve a ringworm infection without any treatment at all in 6-12 weeks. If it is a severe case of ringworm, see your veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment since ringworm is very difficult to treat. Practice excellent hygiene since ringworm can be passed from a pet to humans. The ringworm spore is very hardy. It can survive in the environment for years. Thoroughly vacuum the environment and dispose of the bag. A dilute bleach solution of 1.5 cups per gallon of water can be used to disinfect hard surfaces. Use an EPA certified cleaner for fabrics and furniture that cannot be laundered. If your budget allows, professional carpet dry cleaning is recommended. Sunlight can kill spores. Open blinds or curtains. Place anything you can get outside in the direct sunlight for as long as possible. Eliminate dark, moist areas which is where the fungus will thrive.

Q. My small dog has ringworm
ANSWER : A. Although the name suggests otherwise, ringworm is not caused by a worm at all but a fungus. This highly contagious infection can lead to patchy areas of hair loss on a pet, and can spread to other animals and to humans, too.

Classic symptoms of ringworm include lesions that typically appear on a pet’s head, ears, paws and forelimbs. These lesions can cause patchy, crusted circular “bald spots” that sometimes look red in the center. In mild cases of ringworm, there may be just a few broken hairs, while bad cases of ringworm can spread over most of a pet’s body. It’s also possible for a pet to carry the fungus and not show any symptoms whatsoever.

Treatment of ringworm depends on the severity of the infection. A veterinarian may prescribe a medicated shampoo or ointment that contains miconazole or a dip such as lime sulfur to kill the fungus. In some cases, oral medications are necessary to cure ringworm. In severe cases, it may be necessary to use a topical and oral treatment, in addition to clipping away the fur. Once treatment begins, lesions should begin to heal in about one to three weeks.

Please note, it is important to treat your pet for as long as recommended by your veterinarian. Even though the skin lesions may have cleared up, this doesn’t mean your pet is cured or can’t infect another animal or person. Certain diagnostic tests may need to be repeated in order to ensure cure. And unfortunately, there is no guarantee that reinfection won’t occur!

Q. My cat started to pee outside the litter box. What should I do?
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate bathroom use in cats is often a behavioral problem rather than a medical problem, so the first step is to have him seen by your vet to eliminate any kind of illness or condition as a cause for his defecating outside the box.

Once medical issues are ruled out, it’s time to take a look at other explanations. Has there been a lot of activity that wasn’t normal? Were you away and your cat was left at home or boarded? Is the litterbox located in a busy area? Has anything happened recently in this area to make him reluctant to use it again? Is there another cat, pet, or person that is preventing him from getting to the box? Have you changed it from a hooded to an open box, or vice versa? Have you changed the brand of litter or kind? Or is there something about the spot he has chosen to use that is attracting him in some way? Cats dislike disturbances to their routine and may act out as a way of expressing their dissatisfaction.

The general rule of thumb is one litter box per cat in the household, plus one. That way each cat can have a place of their own to go in case the box is occupied or another cat has claimed it as territory. They should be scooped at least daily, if not more often and changed completely on a weekly basis, and washed with soap and water.

You can also offer one kind of litter in one box and another kind in another to see if there is a preference. I don’t recommend the crystal kind, since it makes a hissing sound when wet that can startle some cats and make them reluctant to use it again.

The litter boxes should be located in a quiet, low-traffic area so that the cat can use them in peace. Make sure other pets or people aren’t giving them a hard time around or in the litterbox. It may take some investigation and experimentation to find your cat’s preference and accommodate him so that everyone is satisfied with the situation.

Q. I have a 1yr old male 38 lb Labradoodle and my gf just brought a month old kitten home. Can they interact? If not, for how long?
ANSWER : A. Interactions whenever a new pet is brought into the house should start off slow, then can be increased in time. The best steps when introducing a new cat is to allow your cat or kitten to have a room in the house all to him or herself. Allow your dog to sniff under the door to get used to the kitten’s scent, and even show your dog articles such as bedding the cat has slept on. After a few days, an introduction with your dog on leash, or a barrier such as a gate where both pets can look at each other but not see each other is best. This will allow each to get used to seeing the other without the ability to jump, bite or scratch the other. Once the two are used to this, then a face to face interaction can begin. If at any time a fight or scuffle breaks out, separate the two pets and try again at a later time. The amount of time this introduction takes can vary depending on how the two react to each other.

Until your kitten is older, or you are sure both are fine together, do not leave the two pets together unattended. Even a well-meaning and playful dog can accidentally break a leg of a kitten or worse without meaning to! A safe room for your kitten to be in while you are away, or a barrier to allow your kitten to escape to safety if needed will help until both are big enough to play alone safely.

Read Full Q/A … : Dogs and Jealousy