to 4 hrs

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Your dog is seriously unwell and requires urgent veterinary attention. These neurological signs can be related to head injury, meningitis, inner/middle ear disease, vestibular disease or some parasitic diseases such as neospora. Please arrange an urgent appointment for a full physical exam and possible imaging and blood tests to identify underlying causes and discuss treatment options

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Dilated pupils can also be a sign of fear or arousal—these can make the eyes look “glassy,” indicating that a dog is feeling threatened, stressed or frightened. A relaxed dog will often squint, so that his eyes become almond-shaped with no white showing at all.
What causes Parkinson`s in dogs? This progressive neurological condition is caused by a loss if nerve cells that produce the essential neurotransmitter dopamine. Parkinson`s leads to a number of issues for dogs including impaired balance and walking, as well as muscle stiffness and tremors.
Similar to a Stroke: “Old Dog” Vestibular Disease

Old dog vestibular disease, sometimes referred to as idiopathic vestibular disease, describes a condition that occurs when a dog`s vestibular system does not function normally. The dog`s vestibular system regulates balance, proper head position and normal eye movements.

A dog who is happy will be relaxed.

Dog has a relaxed body posture and smooth hair, the mouth is open and relaxed, ears are in a natural position, the tail is wagging and the eyes are a normal shape.

Emotions can play a big part in causing your dog`s pupils to dilate. Excitement, surprise, fear, pain and even stress will cause your dog`s pupils to dilate and constrict in response to these extreme emotions.
Symptoms of Focal Seizures in Dogs

Abnormal electrical activity within your dog`s autonomic nervous system will produce symptoms such as excessive salivation, dilated pupils, or vomiting.

Nystagmus is a medical term that describes when your dog`s eyes move rapidly and uncontrollably. They can move up and down or in a circle, but most commonly seen is side-to-side movement. The movement can vary between slow and fast, and it generally occurs in both eyes.
Dogs can head tilt because of geriatric vestibular disease that leaves them with balance problems or it could be due to ear infection or head injury. The vestibular system is involved in providing normal balance and orientation and was this system is disrupted, you may notice your dog with a head tilt.
Stress signs to look for include whale eye (when dogs reveal the whites of their eyes), tucked ears, tucked tail, raised hackles, lip-licking, yawning, and panting. Your dog might also avoid eye contact or look away.
Licking is a natural and instinctive behaviour to dogs. For them it`s a way of grooming, bonding, and expressing themselves. Your dog may lick you to say they love you, to get your attention, to help soothe themselves if they`re stressed, to show empathy or because you taste good to them!
A. It sounds like your dog is displaying an appeasement gesture, called a submissive grin, to show you and others that she`s no threat. Submissive grins are a way for a dog to show deference to another individual.
Your dog may show its teeth when smiling at you while letting you know it accepts that you`re the leader. It`s a sign of respect, not of aggression. You can typically tell the difference by looking at your dog`s posture. If it is relaxed, then there`s nothing for you to worry about.
Symptoms can include collapsing, jerking, stiffening, muscle twitching, loss of consciousness, drooling, chomping, tongue chewing, or foaming at the mouth. Dogs can fall to the side and make paddling motions with their legs. They sometimes poop or pee during the seizure. They are also not aware of their surroundings.
The pre-ictal phase (aura) is a period of altered behavior in which a dog may hide, appear nervous, or seek out her owner. She may be restless, nervous, whining, shaking, or salivating. This may last a few seconds to a few hours.
The cause of white shaker syndrome is not fully understood, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the brain and spinal cord. Treatment typically involves the use of corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive medications to reduce inflammation and control symptoms.
Because of their incredible sense of smell, dogs can detect subtle changes in human scent caused by disease. They can smell out illnesses such as cancer. It turns out that cancer and other diseases or infections have a smell. Chemicals called volatile organic compounds are produced by cancer cells.
Signs of Neurological Issues in Pets

Unusual or jerky eye movements. Abnormal gait, unexplained weakness or paralysis. Foot dragging or knuckling of paws. Pain along the spine, neck or back.

When a human is feeling anxious, their dog picks up the signs of anxiety but doesn`t know what`s caused it. This can make the dog feel less secure and more anxious too.
The Interlocking Finger Test (ILFT) by Moo et al. (2003) was developed as a screening for parietal lobe dysfunction and was used to detect bimanual apraxia in patients with Alzheimer`s disease (Sanin & Benke, 2017).
Hearing loss and epilepsy are early features of Parkinson`s, according to pioneering new research.
Have you ever wondered what your dog is contemplating when they look at you sideways? A dog`s side-eye gaze, also known as the “whale eye,” is a typical form of dog communication that occasionally makes us chuckle. They might appear to be saying, “Yeah, right,” or “Don`t be so patronizing, human!” with their eyes.
Potential causes include inner/middle ear infections, intoxication, strokes, tumors, infectious or inflammatory diseases (meningitis), idiopathic vestibular disease (also called “old dog” vestibular syndrome), or other less likely causes.
Some signs of a stroke in dogs include a head tilt, circling, loss of balance, and unusual eye movements. If you think that your dog is having a stroke, don`t delay getting them to the vet for diagnosis and treatment. Treatment is mostly supportive, and it`s important to treat any underlying causes.
In the case of a stroke, your pet`s brain sends incorrect signals to their body. For example, your pet may not be able to respond to your spoken directions. Instead, he may move in a directionless fashion and seem to be walking in circles. He may appear as though he is drunk and be unable to walk in a straight line.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. He lays flat on ground legs spread head darting side to side eyes dialated. Semi stands/crawls to left & lays down continuously from 30 mind to 4 hrs
ANSWER : A. Your dog is seriously unwell and requires urgent veterinary attention. These neurological signs can be related to head injury, meningitis, inner/middle ear disease, vestibular disease or some parasitic diseases such as neospora. Please arrange an urgent appointment for a full physical exam and possible imaging and blood tests to identify underlying causes and discuss treatment options

Read Full Q/A … : Weird Cat Behaviors Explained

Q. Weak, discharge from eyes, swelling on right eye, does not want to open eyes. What is wrong?
ANSWER : A. If the discharge from the eye is green or yellow in color, it can indicate a secondary infection. Swollen eyes can be caused by a number of things ranging from allergies to infections, to injury to the eye itself or surrounding areas.

It is best to have your pet’s eye examined by your local vet. They will most likely wish to place a stain in the eye that can check for damage such as cuts or scratches. An ointment can then be given to help reduce inflammation, pain and take care of infection.

Until you can get to the vet, be sure to not let your pet scratch or paw at their eye as this can make things worse. You can also use a warm wet washcloth to gently remove any debris and allow the eye to open some, providing relief. However, if symptoms worsen, or the swelling travels to the face, head or neck, it may indicate a serious allergic reaction which should be treated immediately.

Q. One eye is more red than the other. Last night he was pawing at it,today, he isn’t. Should I bring him to the vet?
ANSWER : A. Sounds possible that he had some irritation to the eye that is at least not itchy anymore. You can do either, having it checked now to confirm mild irritation, potentially due to debris or a topical irritant to the eye; or you can flush the eye with sterile saline eye wash (over the counter) using care not to poke or prod the eye and see if the irritation goes away on its own within the next 24 hrs. It has shown improvement already it appears, however if it is not cleared up and your pet seems irritated by it AT ALL, then it should be looked at by a vet and tested for a possible corneal scratch or ulcer. These can cause redness of the eye, eye discharge and pawing at the face. They are usually treated by prescription only topical eye antibiotic ointment and generally do very well after treatment.

Read Full Q/A … : Eye Problems in Cats

Q. I was told by my vet that my dogs cherry eye was caused by something hitting his eye when he was poking around under a bush. I was told surgery needed
ANSWER : A. Prolapsed gland of the eyelid refers to a pink mass protruding from the animal’s eyelid; it is also called a “cherry eye.” Normally, the gland is anchored by an attachment made up of fibrous material. The most common sign of “cherry eye” is an oval mass protruding from the dogs’s third eyelid. It can occur in one or both eyes, and may be accompanied by swelling and irritation. He may have acquired it by getting an injury to his eye but this isn’t the case sometimes. Sometimes there is a weakness in the fibrous attachment.

The veterinarian will review the mass in the dog’s third eyelid and determine if there is an underlying cause for the condition. The diagnosis of the prolapsed gland could be scrolled or everted cartilage in the third eyelid, abnormal cells in the third eye, or a prolapse of fat in the dog’s eye.

Treatment often includes surgical replacement of the gland in the dog’s eye, or removal of the entire gland if the condition is severe. Conversely, if medications are recommended, they are typically topical anti-inflammatory drugs that are effective in reducing swelling.

Q. My pet is suffering eyes discharge, what should I do?
ANSWER : A. Mucus, yellow-green pus, or a watery eye discharge can all be signs of conjunctivitis, which is inflammation of the lining of your dog’s eye.

There is a wide range of causes for conjunctivitis, from allergies, injury, birth defects, and tear duct problems, to foreign bodies, dry eye syndrome, infections or even tumors.

Other signs of conjunctivitis include excessive blinking or keeping the eye closed, squinting and pawing at the eyes.

Treatment of this condition depends on the underlying cause. In most of the cases cleaning, soothing the eye and applying antibiotics eye drops suffice but is some instances further investigation is required to establish the cause of the excessive eye discharge, and this should be performed by a veterinarian.

Q. Yes I have a Chiquita and her left eye was swollen and red then next it spread to the other eye. What should I do when all the vets are close?
ANSWER : A. If both eyes are swollen shut or you are seeing swelling of the face and neck in addition it may indicate a serious allergic reaction and you should seek care from an emergency vet immediately. It is also best to try and schedule an appointment with your regular vet when they reopen if the eyes are very red or bothered or if the redness spreads. You can use a warm washcloth to remove any debris from the eyes to make them more comfortable, however seeking veterinary care is best.

Q. My cat has entropion of the eyes. Vet did surgery on both eyes, the right eye seems ok but the left eye is still running/mucus. Can I use Neosporin?
ANSWER : A. Do NOT use Neosporin on cats or dogs as this product can be toxic to pets if ingested. If the eye is still leaking or has green or yellow discharge it is best to contact your veterinarian. Green or yellow discharge can indicate that a secondary infection has formed and may require antibiotics or cat-safe ointments to help clear it up. In the meantime, you can use a warm wet washcloth to remove any excess debris from the eye very gently, allowing the eye to open and help with healing.

Q. What can be given to dogs to stop the brown draining around dogs eyes? I was told tetracycline would work.
ANSWER : A. Eye leakage is normal in some breeds of dogs, especially those that are more “bug-eyed” types. This eye leakage is just normal tears coming from the eye which can stain lighter colored coats. Unless there is an infection it does not need to be treated with antibiotics. Signs of infection usually include drainage that is thick or goopy and is yellow or greenish in color. Dogs with infections may also want to keep the eye closed, or may paw and scratch at it.

For plain tear-staining. Tear-stain wipes can be used around the eyes to remove the stain and bring the coat back to natural color. If infection is suspected, it is best to have your vet take a look at the eye prior to placing any medications in it.