Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. It depends what sort of football problem it is and are the nails just overgrown or are they in a bad condition. Are the faeces normal just more of them. It may be a lack of vitamins in the diet. See your vet so that they can treat the foot problem and mention the other issues at the same time

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

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To get the poo off their nails we would give them a full bath and let them soak their paws for a little while and try and wash it off or take a wash cloth with warm water and try to rub it off, if its stained the nails or if there is only a small bit left you can`t get, then eventually the nail will grow out and you …
Bumblefoot (also called pododermatitis) is, unfortunately, one of the more common foot issues that veterinarians treat in guinea pigs. Bumblefoot is an infection of a guinea pig`s footpad and is often a result of inappropriate habitat conditions.
Your veterinarian will clean the wounds, clip the hair around the infected areas, and trim any overgrown nails and dead tissue on the feet. Soaking the feet in antibiotic solutions may also prove to be useful. In severe cases, guinea pigs may need oral antibiotics and pain medications.
In most cases, guinea pig bumblefoot is more obvious on the front feet than the back. The infection usually feetures and progresses like this: Red feet. Red and swollen feet.
If rabbit or guinea pig nails grow too long, they can cause a number of problems. Firstly, they can curl round and grow into the skin, which can be painful and potentially cause infection. Even if they don`t grow that far, they can still be awkward for the pet and make it difficult for them to walk comfortably.
Begin trimming. Hold one leg gently and start to trim off the nail on each toe before moving on to the other foot. If you aren`t sure where the quick is, clip only the very end of the nail. If your guinea pig`s nails are too long, trim small amounts weekly until its nails are an appropriate length.
Bumblefoot is a bacterial infection or abscess of the foot. It`s caused by a cut or scrape to the chicken`s foot that then becomes contaminated by different species of bacteria that are often ubiquitous in the surrounding environment, including Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), E. coli, and Pseudomonas.
Bumblefoot is one of the most common foot conditions in chickens. It`s painful, and if not addressed quickly it can become fatal. Luckily, bumblefoot is a fairly easy condition to diagnose in chickens and can be treated at home or by a vet.
Occasionally lameness is from non-painful nerve/muscle problems but if your guinea starts limping and it doesn`t improve quickly (or they are immediately dragging their legs/ not putting them to the floor at all) take them to a vet to see what is wrong. Not all guinea pigs in pain will limp.
Lesions are usually found around the head area and typical show hair loss, with crusting and scabbing. You will find that the hair falls out very easily at the edges of the lesions. If it is a mild case, it is usually not itchy. If the case is more severe, it can spread to other areas of the body and become itchy.
These symptoms include irregular patches of fur loss, crust at the edges of lesions in their skin, redness or inflammation on their face and/or feet, and rough hair coat.
Bumblefoot is usually recognised by a black or brown scab, swelling and/or pus-filled abscesses. It is most often on the foot pad but can occur on the toes or on top of the foot. If you have a chicken displaying the symptoms of a foot injury, you will need to examine the foot for signs of bumblefoot.
The feet and underside are usually areas to avoid, and the back might even be an area to avoid. Observe your guinea pig`s body language and listen to vocalizations for clues about how he or she feels. Keep petting sessions brief in the beginning until you know how your guinea pigs react.
Avoid holding your guinea pig so that your hands are only holding them under their front arms. This position does not have any support for the bottoms which can make them incredibly uncomfortable and stressed.
Guinea pigs require regular nail clipping and should be done no less than once a month. If guinea pig`s nails are not properly taken care of, this could lead to curvature of the nails which can lead to the nails possibly growing into the footpad.
First of all, guinea pigs are great at taking care of their personal hygiene, so most of the time, they don`t really need to have a guinea pig bath. If you notice your precious pigs getting a bit smelly or soggy, however, you can give them a couple of baths a year without causing any problems.
Athlete`s foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal skin infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes. Signs and symptoms of athlete`s foot include an itchy, scaly rash.
Poor sanitation, not cleaning the hutch often enough and wet bedding, is the most common cause of bumblefoot. Certain health conditions also are a factor such as heart conditions which cause a lack of activity and obesity may be factors. Guinea pigs are one of many animals that can suffer from this disease.
Typically guinea pigs live for 5-6 years, but some may live longer. Guinea pigs are active up to 20 hours per day, and only sleep for short periods. Guinea pigs are highly social – in the wild they live in close family groups of 5-10 guinea pigs, though several groups may live in close proximity to form a colony.
Surgical treatment for bumblefoot

You`ll want to be confident in the procedure to avoid any mistakes and hurt your chicken. Surgical removing involves using a scalpel to remove the scab and cut down into the sides to remove the kernel. It may be very complex, depending on the extent of the infection.

Bumblefoot, or plantar pododermatitis, is caused by introduction of staphylococcus bacteria and is found on the toes, hocks and pads of a chicken`s foot. It is characterized by a pus-filled abscess that is covered by a black scab and is paired with lameness, swelling, and the infected bird`s reluctance to walk.
How do you treat bumblefoot at home? If it is a mild case of bumblefoot, you can soak your guinea pig`s feet in warm water mixed with Epsom salt. This works by drawing out any infection, softening the skin and healing the wound. It is also a good idea to use an ointment on the infected area.
Bacteria, including staphylococcus spp. have been identified in some rare cases of bumblefoot, if the wound has not been noticed and treated before it becomes acute. Typically antibiotics, such as erythromycin or penicillin, are prescribed by the vet, if the infection is serious enough.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Hi, my guinea pig has been having some problems with his foot, I noticed a lot of feces and his nails are just so bad, what do I do?
ANSWER : A. It depends what sort of football problem it is and are the nails just overgrown or are they in a bad condition. Are the faeces normal just more of them. It may be a lack of vitamins in the diet. See your vet so that they can treat the foot problem and mention the other issues at the same time

Q. My dog has a split nail, what should I do?
ANSWER : A. Split or torn nails are very common in dogs, and treatment depends on the level of the tear. If the nail is split above the quik (blood supply to the nail) then it can be safely trimmed back and the torn part removed. You can find the quik in a dog’s nails by looking for a red or pink line in light colored nails, or a darker groove on the underside of dark colored nails.

If the tear is behind the quik or the nail is bleeding, stopping the bleeding with styptic powder or starches such as corn or rice starch can help. It is then best to bring your dog into your local vet to have the nail safely trimmed back. This may require anesthesia or sedation depending on the size of the tear to make the experience less painful for your dog. Your vet may also recommend antibiotics if the tear is large to prevent infection from taking hold until the nail can heal.

Once the torn part of the nail is removed, the nail should be able to begin growing back as normal. Regular nail trims to keep nails short and in shape can also help to prevent tears and splits in the future.

Q. Hello, my name is Sarah and I have a guinea pig named Harley. He squeaks when he goes to the bathroom. Is that a problem?
ANSWER : A. Guinea pigs squeak a lot about everything. If it looks like he is straining to go especially to urinate then have him checked by your vet. Guinea pigs do suffer from urinary crystals.

Read Full Q/A … : Guinea Pigs – Pinterest

Q. Female guinea pig won’t eat and is lethargic. Tried a bath and hand feeding. She is only 2 and a half years old. HELP ASAP
ANSWER : A. I would strongly recommend to take her to you veterinarian as soon as possible as lethargy and inappetence are very dangerous signs in Guinea Pigs. The list of possible causes unfortunately is very long (Gastrointestinal problems -such as obtructions, gastroenteritis and others- Dental problems, respiratory or urinary infections, abdominal/thoracic tumors and many others) and the signs you noticed are not specific to any disease in particular. The lethargy may be secondary to the inappetence and it is important to treat her immediately before her condition deteriorates.

Hand/syringe feeding could be helpful but the underlying problem has to be promptly recognized.

Regards,

Dr. Orioles

Q. My guinea pig has a cloudy and goopy eye. There are no local vets to treat him. Any suggestions?
ANSWER : A. I would highly recommend going to the place you purchased the Guinea Pig from and ask for advice. Ask them to verify that there are no veterinarians that see exotics in the area and ask them what they think you should do for the issue. If you can bring in the G-Pig with you and ask for someone at the pet store who knows a lot about G-Pigs. If there is no one in the store who knows about them ask if there will be someone in who knows about them that you can ask questions to and to leave a message with them. If they are of no help try another pet store with the same questions.

Q. I just noticed my dog has a vertical black line that runs down through the middle of some of her nails. Is there something I should be worrying about?
ANSWER : A. It’s nothing to worry about. If it is deep inside the nail it is the quilt, a little blood vessel. When you clip your dogs nails it must be 1-2mm below this otherwise it will bleed a lot. If it is on the outside of the nail it is just the pigment if the nail and perfectly normal.

Q. Pads of my dogs one foot are falling off and has clear puss coming out. Had nail pulled out last week on same foot. Wondering shar could cause this
ANSWER : A. I would start by x-raying the foot. I’d be wondering about some problem down in the bone first, like chronic infection or even cancer (sorry, but I had to mention it) that may be contributing to what sounds like a pretty bad infection. If the pads and nails are coming off, there’s something pretty nasty that’s festering below, I’d say. Ultimately she may need surgery to clean out the infection and close the wounds, then bandaging for several weeks. But a cause should be investigated first.

Q. My cat is excessively scrstching herself., to the point she has sores. She is strictly an indoor cat. Did have flees been treated for 2 months
ANSWER : A. For every flea you see on your pet, there are 100 more in the environment. Get your pet on a good topical or oral flea control through your vet. In flea control, you get what you pay for. Consider asking your vet for a dose of Capstar. It helps get the problem under control by killing the fleas on the pet starting in five minutes but only lasts for 24 hours.

You need to treat your home environment. If you use a pest control service, tell them you are having a flea problem and they can adjust their treatment. Use a premise spray that also contains an IGR, insect growth regulator. This keeps eggs and larvae from maturing into adults and helps break the life cycle. Also, vacuum EVERY DAY, throwing out the bag or emptying the canister every time into an outside receptacle and spraying the contents with insecticide to kill the fleas you’ve vacuumed up.

Treat your yard too, since fleas are opportunistic and will hop a ride into your home on your pant leg without you knowing it. Concentrate on areas under bushes, in the shade. Fleas are less likely to be located in open sunny areas where it gets hot.

If chemicals are a problem, you can use borax. Sprinkle it into rugs, into corners and under furniture, use a broom to work it into the fibers and let it sit for hours, days even. It won’t hurt you or your pet to have it present. Then vacuum it up, reapply as needed. Food grade diatomaceous earth can be gotten from a health food store and worked into the rugs and corners in the same way as borax. These treatments aren’t as fast and effective as chemical insecticides but they can help.

You might want to consider boarding your pet for the day at your vet, to give you the opportunity to flea bomb your house without having to worry about your pet being exposed. They can bathe your pet and give a dose of Capstar while you treat your home.

Be patient, you may have to repeat these steps multiple times 10-14 days apart to help break the flea life cycle.

Skin problems can have a variety of causes, sometimes more than one. It is important to have the problem checked by your vet to determine if there is a medical cause for your pet’s skin issues and treat accordingly.

In pets of all ages, fleas, food allergies and exposure to chemical irritants such as cleaners and soaps can be a cause. Any one of these may not be enough to trigger the breakouts, depending on how sensitive your pet is, but a combination can be enough to start the itch-scratch cycle. Finding out the cause and eliminating it is the best course of action. With flea allergies, if your pet is sensitive enough, a single bite can cause them to break out scratch enough to tear their skin.

Check for fleas with a flea comb. Look for fleas and/or tiny black granules, like coarse black pepper. This is flea feces, consisting of digested, dried blood. You may find tiny white particles, like salt, which are the flea eggs. Applying a good topical monthly flea treatment and aggressively treating your house and yard will help break the flea life cycle.

If you use plastic bowls, this is a possible cause for hair loss, though this tends to be on the chin, where their skin touches the bowl while they eat. If you suspect this to be the culprit, try changing the bowls to glass, metal or ceramic.

Food allergies are often caused by sensitivity to a protein in the food. Hill’s Science Diet offers some non-prescription options for sensitive skin as well as prescription hypoallergenic foods for more severe cases. Royal Canin carries limited protein diets that may also offer some relief. Your vet can recommend a specific diet that will help.

If there is no relief or not enough, consider getting your pet checked by a veterinary dermatologist and having allergy testing done.