Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. 15.5-20 lbs, 7-9 kg.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Size

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are massive. Males tend to be a bit larger than females and weigh in at 110 to 220 pounds, while females average around 100 to 180 pounds.

Characteristics. The Caucasian Ovcharka is a large dog, usually weighing 45–70 kg.
Checking the Coat

Caucasian Shepherds have straight and coarse coats that stand off, with a well-developed undercoat. The head and forelegs are covered in a shorter, thicker coat, while the tail is covered with a dense coat, appearing furry and thick.

The Caucasian Shepherd loves living outdoors, running and enjoying a generous space. If you raise it indoors, be aware that the puppy needs space and movement. A puppy needs to be walked at least 90 minutes a day and at the age of 5-7 months, walks need to be more frequent and longer.
Ideally you will be able to see its waist tucked behind the ribs. If you can see the outline of your dog`s individual ribs and the waist is noticeably more narrow than its ribcage, then your pet is underweight; however, if the waist is in line with the ribs or bulges out past them then it is overweight.
Medium Dogs—Roughly ranging from 20-50 pounds (9-23 kg)
After three years of age the dog is considered an adult and it will have finished its growth process, reaching its mature dimensions. This is a spectacular evolution, especially for first time owners who witness their growth curiously.
Caucasian Shepherds do best with a large yard and are suitable for families that like daily walks. For safety, because they are an intelligent and independent breed, they should be kept contained when exercised, such as in a fenced yard and on-leash when being walked.
There are two types of Caucasian shepherd: mountain and steppe. The mountain Caucasian shepherd has a longer coat and a larger body mass, whereas the steppe type has a shorter coat and lighter body mass.
There`s no exact amount of weight that puppies should gain each week, but it`s on average around 10-15% of their weight each day, translating to 0.5 ounces per week for smaller breeds and 2.5 pounds a week for large dog breeds.
Although all puppies are officially considered adult dogs once they reach one year old, puppies continue to grow in height and size while their bones are still developing, which takes anywhere from 6 to 24 months.
Unlike the scale you use at home, vet scales are weight measuring tools specifically designed to gather accurate weight measurements of animals. Veterinary scales come in a variety of sizes and can provide precise weight measurements for everything from cats and dogs to horses, zoo animals, and livestock.
Besides the tasty chicken, beef, turkey, lamb or boneless fish, our puppies need a healthy side dish for a plus of vitamins, so we can pamper them with: tomatoes (preferably without pesticides), salad (to improve their bone and nervous system), potatoes (they are picky, they only like boiled potatoes), carrots (grated …
Medium breed puppy: Determine the dog`s weight at 14 weeks old. Multiply this number times 2.5 to get an estimate of your puppy`s adult size. Large or giant breed puppy: Determine the dog`s weight at 20 weeks old. Then divide this number by their current age in weeks (20).
Dogs weighing around 30 pounds (14 kg) or less are generally considered small dogs and any breed over 55 pounds (25 kg) is usually considered a large dog. This means that medium dogs span a wide range of body weights.
Small dogs are classified as dogs within a weight range of 5 kg to 10 kg and include breeds as the Standard Dachshund, Jack Russell Terriers, Shih Tzu, Miniature Schnauzer, the Pug, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and the Shetland Sheepdog.
What is the smallest dog in the world? The world`s smallest living dog is an adorable brown Chihuahua called Milly. According to Guinness Book of World Records, this amazing little canine is 4 inches tall, weighs 1kg and hails from Puerto Rico.
Adult Dogs: Most adult dogs seem to need between eight and 13.5 hours of sleep every day, with an average of just under 11 hours. For comparison, most adult humans need seven to eight hours of sleep.
Perhaps unsurprisingly, the data showed that male and female dogs grow at different rates; males grow more rapidly than their female counterparts. Separate male and female curves for each weight range were created to account for this difference.
1. Border Collie: A workaholic, this breed is the world`s premier sheep herder, prized for its intelligence, extraordinary instinct, and working ability. 2. Poodle: Exceptionally smart and active.
Caucasian Shepherds do not need regular shampoo bathing as their coats have a very efficient self-cleaning mechanism but they do love to play with water as much as possible.
Once they are fully grown, around two years old, Caucasian Shepherds require a minimum of one hour of activity each day. If you don`t have a big yard to accommodate their needs, they make great walking, running, and hiking partners. So you can take 2 30 minutes walks or runs each day.
Caucasian shepherds are quite large, at over 100 pounds. Adult male Caucasian shepherds average 27.5 inches tall and can weigh anywhere from 110 to 154 pounds. Females on average are 26.5 inches tall and weigh 90 to 110 pounds at adulthood.
A very common symptom of overfeeding is when a dog`s bowel movement is normal in the morning but soft at night. While some breeds appear to be more prone to gas, experiencing frequent gas that is out of the ordinary in terms of smell usually suggests something isn`t quite right in their system.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. How do I determine how much my overweight pet should weigh?
ANSWER : A. There are many tools to determine overweight and obesity levels in pets. A new tool, morphometric measurements and body fat index, are available to accurately determine a pet’s ideal weight; this will allow an accurate determination of the amount of food a pet should receive to achieve weight loss. Feeding the correct amount will lead to greater weight loss success.

There are many weight loss food options to help pets reach their ideal weight. Your veterinarian can help make a ideal weight recommendation. Here are some tips to help your dog lose weight in a healthy and safe way:

1. Diet: Providing a healthy and well balanced diet is essential to your pet’s overall health. Finding the right food for your dog can be a challenging process. For those overweight animals many commercial dog companies offer weight loss diets, but it is important to evaluate food labels for adequate nutritional content.

You want to ensure you are not missing other essential vitamin or mineral content. Volume of food is also important and the amount of food that works for one breed of dog may not be the same for another breed of dog. Portion control as opposed to free-choice feeding can help your dog to drop a few unnecessary pounds.

There are also prescription weight loss foods designed by veterinary nutritionists, such as Hill’s r/d (http://bit.ly/1AoENSd). Some pet owners find that home cooking is the best option for helping to provide a well-balanced and realistic diet plan. There are websites such as balanceit.com that offers recipes to fit your dog’s specific needs. Consulting with your veterinarian or a veterinary nutritionist to find the appropriate diet is a great way to help your dog be as healthy as possible.

2. Exercise: Another great tactic for weight loss for your dog is exercise. Whether this is through running, walking or playing with a favorite toy all of these are wonderful types of exercise to help keep your dog at a lean and healthy weight.

For those pet owners with busy schedules utilizing professional dog walking services or playtime through dog daycare services is another option. It has been shown that those pet owners that exercise regularly with their pets generally live a healthier lifestyle.

3. Physical therapy: As animals age pet owners offer encounter their favorite canine having more difficulty walking and have a dwindling desire to play with toys. Physical therapy, specifically hydrotherapy is a wonderful way to help older and arthritic animals gain more mobility and lose weight. Hydrotherapy has been proven to have several therapeutic effects on the body including, muscle strengthening, relief of swelling, decreased joint pain, less stiffness in limbs, improved circulation, weight loss, and increased tissue healing to name a few. For more information on the benefits of hydrotherapy:
http://bit.ly/1w1qqoy

4. Veterinary visit and blood work: Weight gain can also be related to underlying health concerns such as hypothyroidism or other endocrine disorders. Scheduling a veterinary evaluation and routine blood work can be another important component in increasing the longevity of your dog’s life. Conditions such as hypothyroidism that predispose dogs to gain weight can be treated with a daily medication to improve hormonal balance. If feel that your dog is unnecessarily overweight there can be an underlying health condition that needs to be addressed.

5. Healthy treats: Pet owners love the chance to reward their favorite canine companion with treats and most dogs jump at the chance to consume these delicious products. The problem is many treats, which can include commercial dog treats or table scrapes can add many unnecessary calories to your dog’s daily intake. Reading labels and making note of the calories in these treats is an important component of understanding your dog’s overall health. Treats should not exceed more than 10 percent of your pet’s daily calories. There are healthier treats that can be offered to your pet to keep calories lower yet provide a fuller sensation. A pet owner can add steamed or pureed vegetables, such as carrots, green beans or sweet potato to add more fiber and thus a fuller feeling for your dog.

Q. How do I get my dog to stop chewing on things? I kennel her when I leave for a few hours, but I can’t go to the mailbox without her eating something.
ANSWER : A. If she’s young, then this is just normal puppy behavior. Don’t worry about it. The thing about puppies is, they explore using their mouths. If your puppy grabs a coat hanger, or a slipper, you should roll up a newspaper, and smack yourself on the head with it for leaving those things out.. your puppy is going to explore things, that’s normal! It is 100% up to YOU to keep those things away from your puppy when your puppy is unsupervised… even for just a moment.

Remember to never scold your puppy for grabbing these things. They are just curious little cuties, and they don’t chew things up to bother us.. Dogs do not have intentional thought, so they aren’t ever doing anything ON PURPOSE to us.. The most important thing you can do when your puppy is chewing something you don’t want her to be chewing is TRADE her the inappropriate item with a toy of hers, so she understands “no honey, that isn’t what puppies chew on… THIS is what puppies chew on!” and then begin playing with her using her toy to show her that TOYS ARE FUN.. Way more fun than a boring ol’ coat hanger.

Another helpful thing you can do is have two bags of toys. In each bag is many different kinds of toys. Lots of chew toys, lots of soft squeaky toys, lots of rope-type toys, a bunch of balls.. All kinds of things! For one week you have bag#1’s toys out for your puppy to play with.. At the end of the one week, you collect those toys, and you bring out bag#2! The toys will be more interesting/feel like new to your puppy, which will in-turn, make her chew less inappropriate things. Her toys are too fun to care about that dumb Wii-mote that you left laying around.

Hope this helps!

Q. What kind of food is recommended for a puppy Labrador and how often should I feed him?
ANSWER : A. Puppy food is designed specifically for the nutritional needs of young and still growing dogs, with twice the daily nutritional requirements that a mature dog needs.

Puppies are growing and developing rapidly — in their bones, muscles, joints, internal organs and immune system, to name but a few of the developmental needs that are being met by nutrition. A well balanced puppy food contains those nutrients that a puppy specifically need for this purpose, nutrients that are not necessary once the puppy has finished growing into a dog and that are not added to adult formula dog foods. For example, to build a strong body, puppy food contains about 30 percent protein, as well as the vitamins and minerals that are needed for a puppy to be healthy.

Q. 2 month old Bulldog. While playing gets TOO rough:gripping hand REALLY tight/growling/shaking to the point of drawing blood. Aggresive?Normal?HELP!!
ANSWER : A. For the most part, this sounds pretty normal to me. English Bulldogs can be like this. What you can do is teach him bite inhibition. He needs to know that biting gets him nothing. Each and every time he nips, even gently, you immediately yelp like a puppy would, stand up, cross your arms, and ignore your puppy. Once he is ignoring you, go back to calmly playing with him WITH A TOY. Remember to always use a toy when playing with/petting/interacting with puppies. They will be teething very soon, and they don’t understand that biting you is inappropriate, so using a toy to redirect their attention is important. He needs SOMETHING to bite, or else he will choose your hand. Give him more options.

Another thing you can do is have a toy that YOU OWN. This can be a soft braided rope toy or something of the like. Dot not allow your dog to have this toy whenever he wants. This toy disappears when you are done playing with him with it, and reappears when you want to play. Never allow him to “win” games with this toy. Eventually, the toy will hold so much meaning, when he sees it, he will be instantly interested in the toy instead of your hands.

It also helps to have two bags of toys. Bag#1 is full of chew toys/rope toys/soft toys/etc. It comes out for one week, and then disappears and out comes Bag#2. Bag#2 has the same types of toys in it. This will keep the toys feeling like “new” to your pup and make him less likely to chew on you during play!

Q. My pet eats too much. I need to know when and how much to feed him. Any advice?
ANSWER : A. If you feed your pet a commercial food, most food bags have a feeding guideline on the side to help you know how much to give. This is a good baseline and is usually based on your pet’s weight or age. Once you start with this amount, you can adjust the amount of food given as needed – if your pet seems to gobble his food and is losing weight or is more active, then increasing the amount is good. If your pet picks at his food or appears to be putting on the pounds, reducing the amount can help. The amount to give is usually best fed broken up into several smaller meals throughout the day rather than one big meal. For most adult animals, feeding once in the morning and once at night is enough. Smaller dogs or young animals may need a third meal mid-day as well. Switching out treats for healthier options may also help prevent overeating or weight gain. If you feel your pet cannot safely lose or gain weight on his own, then making an appointment with your vet can help!

Q. My puppy ate 2 peanut butter with chocolate chip granola bars.
ANSWER : A. It is important to know your pup’s weight, age, and breed. It takes a decent amount of milk chocolate to cause any issues in a dog. However, if it was dark chocolate, and your dog is very small (2lb small breed) then you should consider going to the vet. If your dog is a little larger, I wouldn’t worry about it too much. Keep a very close eye on your puppy for the next couple of days, and check each bowel movement.

I am hoping you didn’t scold your dog for eating the granola bars. I say this because you may have, when truly, it was your own fault. Allowing your puppy to get into trouble like that is irresponsible. A puppy should be crate trained, and crated when unsupervised. Not only that, but if your puppy had already eaten the granola bars, scolding is pointless. Scolding after the fact is always pointless. If you’re going to scold, or redirect your puppy, you should do is DURING the act, and not after. The puppy will only learn that you are scary, and unpredictable if you scold after he has done something bad and forgotten about it.

Q. I have a 2 month old american pitbull and I don’t know what to feed him and I also got a 2 year old hevaneese and I don’t want to buy to diffrent food
ANSWER : A. Until your pitbull is fully grown, around 12 months, it is important that he has a puppy diet as it has the added nutrients necessary for healthy growth of bones, muscles etc and is higher in fat too. You do not want these added nutrients in an adult food as they can cause problems including obesity especially in your small breed dog. This means that unfortunately until your puppy has reached adulthood they will need different foods. When they are both adults they can have the same food although ideally they should be on a large breed and small breed diet respectively as they have different needs. Larger dogs tend to suffer from joint problems so the large breed diets will have supplements in them to help with this.

Q. How much should I feed my puppy?
ANSWER : A. Puppy food packaging usually contains information on the recommended amount of food that a puppy needs. However, the amount can vary depending on your puppy’s particular breed, weight and size, whether the puppy has specific nutritional requirements that deviate from the norm, and sometimes, on how active your puppy is. If you have any questions or concerns regarding how much you should be feeding your puppy at each meal time, consult your veterinarian.