?

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. It could be stress related but could also be external parasites. I would have it checked by a vet first and maybe some skin scrapes to check for demodex. You can also try things to relieve stress such as pheromone diffusers or collar such as DAP or calming tablets such as zylekene.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Ringworm fungus, pests like mange mites, and bacteria can all lead to infections that may ultimately cause bald spots on your dog. Along with hair loss around the ears, eyes, mouth, and elsewhere, signs your dog may have mites include oily skin, thickened skin, itching, and inflammation.
Most of the time, it is nothing to be concerned about, but it is still recommended to take your feline friend to a vet for a general health checkup. Reasons your cat may be losing hair could be a poor diet, allergies, fleas and ticks, stress, or even hypothyroidism.
The 5 most common causes of bald spots on dogs include allergies, Cushing`s disease, pressure sores, genetics, and infection or infestation.
Mast cell tumors vary in appearance. Some may look like raised bumps within, or just below the surface of, the skin. Others appear as red, ulcerated, bleeding, bruised, and/or swollen growths. Some tumors appear and remain the same size for months or years, while others show a rapid growth pattern over days or weeks.
Ringworm fungus, pests like mange mites, and bacteria can all lead to infections that may ultimately cause bald spots on your dog. Along with hair loss around the ears, eyes, mouth, and elsewhere, signs your dog may have mites include oily skin, thickened skin, itching, and inflammation.
Excessive shedding can be caused by stress, poor nutrition, pregnancy, lactation or another underlying medical condition. If you think your dog is shedding more than normal or if he is developing bald patches, schedule an appointment with your vet.
Parasitic infections.

Tinea capitus is a disorder that produces scalp eruptions and hair loss in both children and adults. The infection typically is caused either by Microsporum canis or Trichophyton tonsurans.

It`s even possible for indoor cats to get ringworm if they: Have contact with infected cats, dogs, people, or other animals. Visit a grooming or boarding care facility where ringworm spores are present. Touch furniture, carpet, or other surfaces containing ringworm spores.
Stress. In some cases, a stressful circumstance can cause a dog to lose hair. It could be moving house or the departure of a close companion. When the pet is calmer, one could expect its fur to regrow.
Copper deficiency causes a dull, dry haircoat with patchy hair loss and loss of normal hair pigment. The coat takes on a “washed out” appearance. Zinc deficiency causes hair loss, skin ulcers, and areas of skin thickening and cracking, particularly over joints and on foot pads.
Mast cell tumor (MCT), also called mastocytoma, is a common skin tumor in dogs. The mast cell tumor is the most frequently diagnosed malignant skin cancer in dogs. Dogs are diagnosed at an average of 8 years old, although puppies as young as 4 months may be affected.
It`s possible for any breed of dog to develop a mast cell tumor, however certain breeds are more prone to the development. For example, boxers, Rhodesian ridgebacks, pugs, Boston terriers, pit bull terriers, and Weimaraners tend to experience a mast cell tumor four to eight times more than other breeds.
All dogs shed, but you may notice your senior dog losing more hair than you may consider normal. Owners can notice hair coming out in patches or just an abnormal increase of shedding in general.
Brush regularly and use a de-shedding tool during the heavy shedding months in spring and fall. Incorporate more baths into your lab`s schedule, where the lukewarm water will help clear away excess hair and debris. Invest in a smart vacuum like an iRobot or Roomba, which you can turn on even when you`re not home.
Although a shedding Lab is entirely normal, you should consult your vet if you think your dog`s hair loss is verging on excessive as it could indicate some underlying health conditions. What is this? Allergies, stress, and hormone imbalances are all known to cause excessive hair loss.
A cat will sometimes lose hair in the genital region, the underside of the tail, on the inside of the hind legs and on the underbelly. Pattern baldness in cats is caused by a variety of underlying conditions, including hormone imbalance, skin infections, allergies and parasites.
Losing hair on your legs is also connected with a number of health issues, like poor circulation, diabetes, thyroid conditions, fungal infections, folliculitis, hormone changes, and pituitary gland disorders.
In children, common causes include fungal or bacterial infections, telogen effluvium (stress-related hair loss), and traction alopecia. However, the most common cause of hair loss in children is scalp ringworm, which is a treatable fungal infection. Doctors can treat most causes of hair loss and can often reverse it.
Parasites can also cause hair loss in dogs. An infection due to fleas, ticks, or mites is another common cause of hair loss in dogs. Hair loss due to a parasitic infection will generally be around the eyes, ears, abdomen, and chest.
Yes, ringworm is contagious to people and is caught through touching an infected cat. You cannot catch ringworm if your skin is unbroken, but if you have a scratch, graze, wound or suffer from a skin condition such as eczema, you may catch the infection but it`s usually easily treatable.
The following are the foods you should avoid when you have a ringworm infection. – Foods that contain sugar, including fruits. – Refined carbohydrates like white rice and pasta.
Ringworm in dogs spreads through direct contact with the fungus. This can happen when a dog comes in direct contact with an infected animal or person or touches a contaminated object like a couch, comb, food bowls, bedding, or carpet.
If your dog is suffering from depression or anxiety, she may be excessively grooming or licking, which creates hair loss. Stress can also cause hair loss. Certain infections that may cause your dog to lose hair on her back include bacterial, fungal, and yeast.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. How should I interpret my cat’s tail movements?
ANSWER : A. Our feline friends express themselves in many different ways, including through the use of their tails. Most pet owners pay close attention to a happy or excited dog, but they are sometimes less attentive to the posture and movement of their cat. Here are some of the most common cat tail behaviors, and the underlying emotion behind each action:

A flicking tail: Many anxious, nervous or stressed cats will hold their tail in a low position and flick it quickly back and forth. This is often referred to as angry tail, and a pet owner or veterinarian should be on guard for any possible aggressive or defensive activity. If a cat is moving their tail slowly, and not exhibiting the flicking motion, then this cat is at a much calmer state.

Vertical position: Most of the time when a cat is holding their tail in a straight, vertical position this is indicating curiosity and a playful mood. A cat chasing after a laser pointer or playing toys will often have their tails in a vertical position showing their enjoyment. This position also helps with balanced movements. In contrast, if the tail is in the vertical position and the cat’s back is arched with pinned back ears then this could demonstrate a feeling of being threatened and thus result in defensive or aggressive behaviors.

The Tucked Tail: Similar to a dog, a tucked tail often indicates submission or fear. Your cat is conveying upset feelings and should most likely be left alone. This tucked tail appearance can also make a cat look smaller and less threatening to an aggressive cat.

The Tail Twine: Cats will often hook their tail around another cat’s tail, owner’s legs or other objects to show a friendly and affectionate nature. They are also trying to indicate whether they want to receive affection from their owners, be fed or have playtime.

The next time you are home with your feline companion take note on how they express themselves through their tail movements, their ears, body posture and vocalization. You can start to better understand their needs and wants, in addition to what makes them uncomfortable or happy. Cats will surprise you with their array of emotions and varied expressions they can express.

Q. I am fostering a 12 yr. Old Chocolate Lab from my shelter. She has hair loss circling her eyes, below her hocks and tail. Are these symptoms?
ANSWER : A. It could be stress related but could also be external parasites. I would have it checked by a vet first and maybe some skin scrapes to check for demodex. You can also try things to relieve stress such as pheromone diffusers or collar such as DAP or calming tablets such as zylekene.

Q. My cat is lossing a lot of hair she is 13 yrs old and been to the vet twice and had antibiotic and the next time steroid and advantage plus . I’m at
ANSWER : A. There are many possible causes of hair losss as I’m sure your veterinarian has explained to you. At 13 years old, your cat is in the right age-range for diseases of the thyroid gland to develop. Itchiness and hair loss can sometimes be a symptom of thyroid disorders. It may be necessary to have a full senior blood work up to check the thyroid levels and overall health of your senior cat. Other causes of hair loss include allergies to fleas and contact dermatitis (allergic to some chemical in the enviroment such as scented cat litter, air freshners, laundry products, floor cleaners, etc). Hair loss is a symptom of a larger problem and can be frustrating to treat. Try to get to the underlying cause.

Q. Dachshund has symetrical hair loss since aged 6 mth now 1 treated for mange had testicle removed from abdo still no better what’s next best step ?
ANSWER : A. Has hormonal disease like hypothyroidism been ruled out? That is a hormonal disease that is common causes of symmetrical hair loss, and it can be genetic, so you would see it in a dog that’s very young like yours. I agree that treating for mange was also a good idea, since that can cause hair loss as well and sometimes we can’ actually find the mites on a skin scraping.

Was a biopsy performed on the testicle? Because intra-abdominal testicles frequently turn into Sertoli cell tumors, which also cause symmetrical hair loss. If a biopsy was performed you should know for sure whether that was the cause of the hair loss or not. If the testicle wasn’t cancerous and removing it did not resolve the hair loss then the next step is a skin biopsy, unfortunately. Sounds frustrating – good luck.

Q. Weak, discharge from eyes, swelling on right eye, does not want to open eyes. What is wrong?
ANSWER : A. If the discharge from the eye is green or yellow in color, it can indicate a secondary infection. Swollen eyes can be caused by a number of things ranging from allergies to infections, to injury to the eye itself or surrounding areas.

It is best to have your pet’s eye examined by your local vet. They will most likely wish to place a stain in the eye that can check for damage such as cuts or scratches. An ointment can then be given to help reduce inflammation, pain and take care of infection.

Until you can get to the vet, be sure to not let your pet scratch or paw at their eye as this can make things worse. You can also use a warm wet washcloth to gently remove any debris and allow the eye to open some, providing relief. However, if symptoms worsen, or the swelling travels to the face, head or neck, it may indicate a serious allergic reaction which should be treated immediately.

Q. My 12 yr old cat used to have a large fluffy tail, now her tail is thin as well as she wont gain weight. What should I do
ANSWER : A. Weight loss and hair thinning can happen as a cat ages, or may be related to an aging-related health issue. If she is continuing to lose weight or begins to lose patches of hair in addition to this, it may be a good idea to schedule a senior wellness check with your local veterinarian. They may want to do some bloodwork to check for the most common issues that could cause hair and weight loss in order to find an appropriate treatment. Be sure to also note any other changes to behavior or the body as well, and alert your vet if they become sudden or severe.

Q. Russian blue mix cat – usually velvet soft coat but hair on back hind qtrs. is thinning, remaining hair seems less velvety than normal
ANSWER : A. Changes in coat appearance can be caused by a number of things. In older cats, hair loss or changes in coat and skin confirmation may indicate a metabolic issue such as thyroid problems. Cats can begin to lose hair and may also show other changes such as weight changes or appetite changes. Blood work is usually done to check for this, and most pets do very well with a daily medication treatment.

Hair loss can also be caused by mites on the skin, external parasites or even skin and fungal infections. These may cause red bumps or sores to appear on the skin in addition to the hair loss and coat changes. Your vet can take a skin scraping of the area to check for mites and infections, and a preventive flea treatment can remove any external parasites. If an infection or mites are present, your vet can also prescribe an antibiotic or topical cream to treat.

After any treatment it may take a month or two for completely bald patches to grow back in. This is normal as the skin and follicles need some time to heal prior to beginning the hair growth cycle again.

Q. I have a 17 year old cat and he has been shedding a lot the past 3 years. Is there anything I can do. I brush him but he doesn’t like it.
ANSWER : A. Brushing or providing objects that your cat can use to brush himself on (such as a scratching post with a brush attachment) are often the best ways to remove excess hair. If your cat doesn’t like the particular brush you use, you may want to try a different kind, or even use a warm wet washcloth to wipe your cat down with instead. This will help get rid of some loosened hairs without being as “annoying” to your cat. If he is grooming himself a lot, adding in a hairball paste to his food or placing some on his paw will help keep the hair from forming into a ball or becoming problematic as he removes the excess hair himself.

If you are seeing patches of hair loss, or any other signs of illness in addition to excessive shedding, then scheduling a senior wellness exam with your local vet is always best to check for aging-related issues which may be causing hair loss or other symptoms.