Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. I’m so sorry to hear. You can seek a second opinion by seeing another veterinarian at another office. It depends on the case and if you’re going to try chemotherapy.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

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If it`s in a limb, the average survival is 11 months. If it`s in the spine or skull, survival is estimated at 6 months, and only at 2 months if it has already spread outside of the skeletal system.
The age of an animal doesn`t particularly influence my recommendations or my opinion of a prognosis as long as the pet is systemically healthy otherwise. I would much rather treat a healthy older pet with cancer than manage a young pet with diabetes or Cushing`s disease or heart failure.
Some cancers, in particular bone cancer, show themselves through your dog presenting signs of pain or discomfort such as limping and lameness.
Osteosarcoma is very painful. If your dog has an osteosarcoma of the limb (appendicular osteosarcoma), lameness or a distinct swelling may be noted. Your dog may be more lethargic, have loss of appetite, and be reluctant to walk or play due to pain caused by the tumor on the bone.
Bone cancer is an aggressive disease that has a tendency to spread extremely quickly, so urgent treatment is required. If your pet is displaying any of the symptoms listed above call your vet immediately to book an emergency appointment.
For example, if your dog has bone cancer, which increases the risk of fractures, it`s better to go for an easy walk rather than jogging or playing rough. “With some cancers, you can still do a lot with your dog, but you want to avoid intense activities if there is a risk of internal bleeding or breaking bones,” Dr.
Untreated, the average survival time from diagnosis is about two months.
The first step with a patient suspected of suffering from an osteosarcoma is to obtain x-rays of the affected site. While osteosarcoma in dogs cannot be definitively diagnosed on x-rays alone, a presumptive diagnosis can be made and in many cases biopsy is not necessary.
Extreme fatigue: Your normally active dog or cat may seem depressed and take no interest in exercise or play. It`s also common for a pet with cancer to sleep several more hours per day than usual.
The first sign of osteosarcoma in dogs is often sudden pain in the affected area. If in a limb, the dog will likely begin limping and may hold up the painful leg. This limping may come and go at first, leading pet parents to believe it`s just a minor issue like a sprain or strain.
The median age at diagnosis is ~8 years, with a small peak of incidence in young animals (younger than 3 years). Still when the effect of body mass is taken into account, the overall risk for any dog to develop primary osteosarcoma is not magnified with increasing age.
If your dog`s activity is limited due to bone cancer, make sure you spend a good amount of time by their side, comforting and cuddling them. Your dog can`t chase you to be close to their favorite person so you need to go to them. Cuddle often and for long periods of time.
Osteosarcoma, a cancerous bone tumour, was found to be much more common in giant dogs, including the Scottish Deerhound (3.28% of all dogs affected each year), Leonberger (1.48%), Great Dane (0.87%) and Rottweiler (0.84%).
Osteosarcoma (Bone Cancer)

In fact, even blood work may not detect certain cancers in dogs. However, you can watch for some signs that may indicate your dog could have cancer. As with people, early detection is critical to positive treatment outcomes when it comes to eliminating cancer from a dog`s body.

Osteosarcoma commonly affects the limbs of dogs but can also occur in other parts of the body (skull, ribs, vertebrae, pelvis). It happens in smaller dogs but much less commonly than in larger breed dogs. In about 80 percent of patients, the cancer will spread to the lungs.
The weight loss seen in dogs with cancer is called “cancer cachexia.” During starvation, an animal first loses body fat. In cancer cachexia, the animal loses both fat and muscle at an equal rate.
Small dogs are considered senior citizens of the canine community when they reach 11-12 years of age. Their medium-sized friends become seniors at 10 years of age. Their larger-sized colleagues are seniors at 8 years of age. And, finally, their giant-breed counterparts are seniors at 7 years old.
With anesthesia, age really can simply be a number. Although anesthesia is never without risk, older pets who are in good physical condition can undergo anesthesia with no complications.
Signs of Pain in Dogs with Cancer

It may sound vague, however if your dog begins displaying any behavior that is not typical for them, it could be an indication of pain. Some of the most common signs of pain in dogs include: Limping. Loss of appetite.

“Pain is a rather substantial sign of cancer,” says Zaidel. If your dog whines or cries out when you pat her tummy or pick him up, call your vet. Mouth tumors may cause noticeable discomfort when eating.
End stages or final stages of cancer in dogs occur once the cancer has infiltrated organs to the point that they are unable to maintain normal body functions or reasonable quality of life.
Is bone cancer usually fatal? Not usually. Though some people will die of bone cancer, many others will make a full recovery. The five-year relative survival rate for bone cancer is 66.8%.
Positron emission tomography (PET or PET scan)

The picture is not detailed like a CT or MRI scan, but it provides useful information about the whole body. PET scans can help show the spread of bone cancer to the lungs, other bones, or other parts of the body.

Fibromas occur in all breeds but are primarily a tumor of aged dogs. Doberman Pinschers, Boxers, and Golden Retrievers are most at risk. The head and legs are the most likely sites. Fibromas appear as isolated, generally raised, often hairless lumps originating under the skin surface.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. I was told my boxer has bone cancer. She is 12 yr old how would I know for sure? And how long can they live ? It is in the left hip she is limping
ANSWER : A. I’m so sorry to hear. You can seek a second opinion by seeing another veterinarian at another office. It depends on the case and if you’re going to try chemotherapy.

Q. Cancerous tumor in her toe needs to be amputated will she live
ANSWER : A. Of course the type of cancer is very important to help evaluate survival time, and progression of disease. I would be happy to consult with you in more detail. If your veterinarian is proceeding with amputation, I would assume that no metastatic disease has been observed. ( cancer that has spread to other organs such as the lungs or liver). In many cases amputation can be curative, but again, it depends on the type and stage of your dogs cancer. Dogs recover amazingly well from digit, and even whole limb amputations, so that would be the least of my concern. Post amputation management such as chemotherapy would be my next consideration, and again would be based on diagnosis, stage, and metastatic progression.

Q. My 12 year old Border Collie/healer mix has a baseball size hematoma under her chest. I am wondering if she would survive the surgery.
ANSWER : A. My first question (if you could answer me back) would be how does anyone know it’s a hematoma, and not a hemangiosarcoma or a hemangioma? Hematomas usually resolve (eventually) on their own – they’re essentially bruises. So they don’t need to be surgically removed, typically. It could also be a hemangioma, which is a benign growth arising from a blood vessel. Typically no one can tell on cytology alone (that’s a needle sample taken from the mass and examined under a microscope) whether a growth like this is cancerous (hemangiosarcoma, or HSA) or benign (hemangioma, or HA). If a biopsy has been done and a diagnosis of HSA has been made, or it’s a HA and it’s causing your dog pain or discomfort, then I would agree that surgery is necessary.

As to whether she would survive the surgery, if your vet is competent in anesthesia (preoperative blood work and chest x-rays have been done to ensure that your dog is healthy otherwise, anesthetic monitoring on blood pressure, heart rate, EKG, oxygenation, etc will be done) and the mass is in a spot that is amenable to removal (i.e. There is plenty of skin in the area to close over the defect created by the excision) then I would say her chances of survival are very good. All this is assuming that the mass is subcutaneous (under the skin) and not actually inside the chest. If it’s in the chest, that’s a much more serious procedure. You can select “consult” if you want to talk about this further.

Q. We have a 3 yr old Weiner dog, she is having pus in her eyes, I took her to the vet he gave me derma vet ointment, used it as the doctor prescribed
ANSWER : A. If the pus really isn’t all that bad, and it’s just some discharge, your pup may benefit from a diet change. It could be that the food you’re feeding just isn’t right for your dog, and that’s okay! Dogs grow and change over time, and now that your dog is fully matured, a diet change may be in order. Try something like Taste of the Wild, maybe a grain free dog food, Orijen, or Ziwipeak. These are all really great food options.

If the pus is really bad, and continues to get worse, see your vet again and let them know what’s going on. Maybe you could try a diet change, and then see if there are any improvements.

Remember, you should always gradually change a dogs diet. By gradually, I mean you put a tiny bit of new kibble in with a bowl of the old kibble. Reduce the old kibble by just a few bits of kibble. Throughout the course of at least two weeks (or as long as you want depending on whether or not you want to finish off the old food) you slowly add more of the new kibble while removing some of the old kibble. This makes the process gradual, and won’t cause any tummy-upset in your dog.

Q. My Westie has has a lump between his pads,been told it’s a growth!! He’s drinking more but very lathargic,could it be cancerous??
ANSWER : A. Any lump on an older pet could potentially be cancerous. I would recommend asking your vet to get samples from the lump and sending them off for analysis. This is the only way to know for sure if this is cancerous or benign (non-cancerous).
It may be best to have it just removed and the whole thing sent off for analysis, because there is a potential that not enough cells will be removed by fine needle aspiration (just drawing some cells off) and the results could come back inconclusive. Discuss this with your vet to come up with the best way to move forward for your pet.

Q. My 11 year old Dobe has been diagnosed with a bone tumor. Cancerous prob. Is 90%. Is it best to keep her active or to let her lie around all the tim
ANSWER : A. Many bone cancers are very painful and dogs will not tolerate longer walks. if your dog is keen to walk you can allow her longer walks. Please, remember that cancerous changes make bones friable and they are prone to fractures so any jumps or long runs are contraindicated.

Q. I have a 10 yr old Lab border collie mix. He’s really active and acts younger than he is. Would it be safe for him to jump hurdles like agility?
ANSWER : A. It’s important to keep our older dogs active but go slow and stop early before an injury occurs. It would be important to use a joint supplement and/or fish oil to keep his joints healthy. You could do agility but go slow and don’t push him to do too much. Try your best to listen to his body language to know when he’s tired and doesn’t want to continue. I think it would be good for him to do it but not too much. It would be a good workout to keep him healthy. Make sure to have lots of water available for him when doing agility.

Read Full Q/A … : Leerburg

Q. I just adopted my cat, about 7 months old, and he has discharged, a greenish color, coming from his eyes. Was told it was stress but what else?
ANSWER : A. I would call the rescue and explain your concerns. I wouldn’t think green mucus coming from eyes means stress and maybe whoever told you that was trying to just brush off the symptoms has nothing to worry about. Rescues normally guarantee the health of their animals and should cover the cost of medical bills if you need to take the cat into the vet. Green color can mean infection. Is the cat sneezing? Could it be an upper respiratory infection? Try to explain to the rescue they need to take the animal into the vet. If they aren’t interested in helping please take the cat to the vet as soon as you can. Make sure to bring all records you have on the cat incase the doctor’s office see’s any mistakes or missing fecal tests/vaccinations they would like to do at a later date with the cat (If the cat is sick they would never give vaccinations the same day).

Read Full Q/A … : Eye Problems in Cats