very bony

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. A debilitated kitten will find it difficult to repair a damaged hair coat and would also be much more likely to develop fungal and bacterial infections. If she has been drooling it could create a dermatitis and affect her skin. I recommend she gets a full health check as soon as possible and starts on a high quality kitten food to optimize her nutrition alongside what ever treatments she is prescribed

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Fleas and other external parasites

By far the most common cause of a bald patch on your cat`s fur is fleas or other external parasites. This is especially common on your cat`s lower back and tail. Hair loss usually occurs when your cat has an allergic reaction to the fleas saliva causing them to overgroom.

What causes hair loss in cats? Feline fur loss may have fungal and parasitic causes, such as ringworm, mites or flea allergies. Food allergies are another possibility, as are metabolic conditions such as hyperthyroidism, the term for over-production of thyroid hormones.
Feline dermatitis commonly appears as clusters of small red bumps or as a rash. As your cat scratches the irritated areas, this can lead to scabs, lesions, and bald patches.
At its basic definition, cat acne is a disease in which the hair follicles—usually ones on a cat`s chin—produce too much keratin and become plugged. This results in red bumps, blackheads, and infected pimple-like lesions. Cats can have a single, isolated bout of chin acne, or it may be a chronic struggle.
Most of the time, it is nothing to be concerned about, but it is still recommended to take your feline friend to a vet for a general health checkup. Reasons your cat may be losing hair could be a poor diet, allergies, fleas and ticks, stress, or even hypothyroidism.
Mange is a skin problem that affects many animals, including cats, but it`s not an illness. Mange is caused by tiny parasites called mites that bite your pet`s skin and cause itching, flaking, hair loss, and inflammation.
Treatment for sarcoptic mange in cats

Antibacterial lime-sulfur full-body dips every 7 days until follow-up skin scrapings are negative for mites and all skin lesions have resolved (typically 4 to 8 weeks). Bathing your cat with a medicated shampoo just prior to each lime dip is typically recommended.

Mites are tiny parasites that can infest the hair follicles and skin of cats, leading to hair loss, irritation, and itching. The two most common types of mites that affect the skin of cats are demodex and cheyletiella mites. Demodex mites are often an overlooked cause of hair loss in cats.
Excessive itching, hair loss, and redness are the most common symptoms of mange mites in a cat. Skin crusting and small skin bumps may also be seen in some cats with mange. If the mange is located in the ears of a cat, a cat will also have excessive ear debris that is dry and dark when compared to normal ear wax.
It is not usually an issue unless complete baldness occurs. Some fur loss is natural, and some breeds have no hair or fur at all. So, in essence, bald patches on cats isn`t necessarily always a result of a serious condition.
If your cat has dry skin, it may also have a few bald spots on its fur. There are a variety of conditions that cause bald spots or a patchy coat, so keep an eye out for hair abnormalities when you notice your cat scratching at its skin.
Biotin: A B-Vitamin, helps to support skin, nerve and digestive health. Essential for maintenance of healthy skin. Can help with cradle cap, hair loss, depression and to strengthen brittle nails & hair follicles.
The most common cause of chin swelling in cats is feline acne. Blackheads and swelling on the chin and lips are the most obvious symptoms, with inflammation and swelling. There are many possible causes which include the use of plastic water bowls, poor grooming, overactive sebaceous glands and hormonal imbalances.
Fleas, mites, and lice are by far the most common cause of scabs on your cat. Regardless of whether your cat is allergic to bug bites, fleas and other blood-sucking pests can lead to scabbing and bleeding after they bite your pet. If you notice scabs on your cat, immediately check your cat for any type of parasite.
In the vast majority of cases, hair loss in cats is the result of overgrooming, or excessive licking, often of one particular area.
The most common symptom of Demodex gatoi is itching/overgrooming, which may lead to hair loss and skin scaling. You may also see crusts and sores on your cat as a result of too much licking and scratching.
Signs and Symptoms of Scabies in Cats

What you`ll notice are symptoms of early scabies in cats, such as sores, yellow-gray crusts, and hair loss, especially `hot spots` where the itching is most intense, and kitty has excessively scratched or pulled out fur.

The “ring” of ringworm looks like a small circular lesion on a cat`s skin. These rings are usually accompanied by hair loss and commonly appear on the head, ears, back, or front legs of their body, although they can appear anywhere. Other noticeable signs and symptoms of ringworm include: Circular areas of hair loss.
In cats, about 98% of ringworm cases are caused by the fungus Microsporum canis. The fungus is spread easily in the environment and often infects people. The fungi spread to people primarily by contact with infected cats and contaminated objects, such as furniture or grooming tools.
The most effective and least toxic way to treat mange in cats is with vet prescribed flea medications that can also treat mites, such as Revolution, Bravecto, and Credelio. A veterinarian might also prescribe a topical ear mite treatment, depending on the type of mange.
Coconut oil can be used both topically and orally to keep your cat`s coat shiny and healthy and prevent dry, irritated skin from developing. It kills parasites such as mange, fleas, and ticks which are suffocated by the fat content in the oil.
Chiggers in Cats

Chiggers are mites belonging to the Trombiculidae family. The larval form of this mite can affect your cat`s skin and cause itching, redness, and sores. They are also known as harvest mites, red bugs, red mites, or berry bugs.

A parasitic infection can cause the feline to lose weight, develop skin conditions, lose hair, become resistant to physical activity, cough, lose blood and even die suddenly due to the parasites taking over the body.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Kitten age4-6wks.has hair missing from chin to chest, no inflammation, no scales, no sores,no redness, but smooth, kitten is poor in health, very bony
ANSWER : A. A debilitated kitten will find it difficult to repair a damaged hair coat and would also be much more likely to develop fungal and bacterial infections. If she has been drooling it could create a dermatitis and affect her skin. I recommend she gets a full health check as soon as possible and starts on a high quality kitten food to optimize her nutrition alongside what ever treatments she is prescribed

Read Full Q/A … : December

Q. Russian blue mix cat – usually velvet soft coat but hair on back hind qtrs. is thinning, remaining hair seems less velvety than normal
ANSWER : A. Changes in coat appearance can be caused by a number of things. In older cats, hair loss or changes in coat and skin confirmation may indicate a metabolic issue such as thyroid problems. Cats can begin to lose hair and may also show other changes such as weight changes or appetite changes. Blood work is usually done to check for this, and most pets do very well with a daily medication treatment.

Hair loss can also be caused by mites on the skin, external parasites or even skin and fungal infections. These may cause red bumps or sores to appear on the skin in addition to the hair loss and coat changes. Your vet can take a skin scraping of the area to check for mites and infections, and a preventive flea treatment can remove any external parasites. If an infection or mites are present, your vet can also prescribe an antibiotic or topical cream to treat.

After any treatment it may take a month or two for completely bald patches to grow back in. This is normal as the skin and follicles need some time to heal prior to beginning the hair growth cycle again.

Q. I have two 3 week old kittens that I am bottle feeding. The kittens both have diareaa and there buts are red. Is there anything I can do ?
ANSWER : A. Diarrhea in kittens can be caused by many things, including intestinal parasites (very common in kittens), wrong formula, recent changes in diet (from queen’s milk to formula or from one formula to another), and other gastrointestinal upsets. Their bottoms are likely red and irritated from the diarrhea soiling the fur and skin, trapping moisture against the skin and serving as a breeding ground for bacteria. First, stop feeding the formula. Second, collect a fecal sample to be analyzed by your veterinarian for intestinal parasites. Third, call your vet and make an appointment as soon as possible, ideally the same day. Diarrhea in kittens is serious business and can lead to death from dehydration and loss of nutrients. Finally, in place of formula give an electrolyte replacement solution (like Pedialyte for infants/children) – plain, no flavors, no colors – for at least the next 1-2 feedings. This is not the same as a sports drink. After the 1st or 2nd feeding of straight electrolyte replacement solution, start to add formula back into diet at 1/4 strength ( 1 part formula to 3 parts water), The following feeding mix 2 parts formula to 2 parts water. Then, 3 parts formula to 1 part water. Finally, offer full-strength formula. If the diarrhea continues or worsens with increasing amounts of formula, go back to just electrolyte solution and repeat the process.

Q. I have a 1yr old male 38 lb Labradoodle and my gf just brought a month old kitten home. Can they interact? If not, for how long?
ANSWER : A. Interactions whenever a new pet is brought into the house should start off slow, then can be increased in time. The best steps when introducing a new cat is to allow your cat or kitten to have a room in the house all to him or herself. Allow your dog to sniff under the door to get used to the kitten’s scent, and even show your dog articles such as bedding the cat has slept on. After a few days, an introduction with your dog on leash, or a barrier such as a gate where both pets can look at each other but not see each other is best. This will allow each to get used to seeing the other without the ability to jump, bite or scratch the other. Once the two are used to this, then a face to face interaction can begin. If at any time a fight or scuffle breaks out, separate the two pets and try again at a later time. The amount of time this introduction takes can vary depending on how the two react to each other.

Until your kitten is older, or you are sure both are fine together, do not leave the two pets together unattended. Even a well-meaning and playful dog can accidentally break a leg of a kitten or worse without meaning to! A safe room for your kitten to be in while you are away, or a barrier to allow your kitten to escape to safety if needed will help until both are big enough to play alone safely.

Read Full Q/A … : Dogs and Jealousy

Q. My Pug’s nose is red and he doesn’t have a yeast infection. He is taking medicine for that. It seems to get worse when he goes outside. Any ideas?
ANSWER : A. Redness or irritation can be caused by a number of things including yeast infections as you mentioned, but can also be caused by allergies to the environment, or even cold or hot weather. Dogs with short fur can often get sunburns on the skin, and the cold may also irritate or cause redness when outdoors. Allergies to pollens or other outdoor allergens may also cause redness on the body or nose. An allergy medication from your vet is usually all that is needed to clear this up.

If the redness is happening just when outside, it may also be that your dog is digging or nosing around in something that is irritating. It may be a good idea to watch your dog a few times while he is outside to see if there is anything he enjoys exploring. The redness could just be irritation from that.

However, if you are concerned about the redness, it is always a good idea to bring it up with your veterinarian to make sure there is not a more serious cause behind it.

Q. i believe my cat is pregnant but showing signs of being in heat
ANSWER : A. Cats are induced ovulators, meaning they will continue to go into heat until they are bred, or spayed (reproductive organs removed). If your cat is showing signs of being in heat (excessive yowling, presenting her rear to you for inspection, attempting to get out or other cats hanging near your house) and you don’t want kittens, it is best to have her spayed. Most cats are also semi-seasonal in their heat cycle meaning they will more likely be in heat through Spring-Summer than in Fall-Winter.

Pregnancy in cats lasts about 60 days. Signs of pregnancy may include weight gain, increased appetite, nipples that become pronounced or “leak” and seeking nesting areas to deliver kittens. If you saw that your cat was in heat, or had her mated, you can use the date she was bred to determine when she may be due for kittens. Your local vet can help determine if she is indeed pregnant and can also take an X-ray to determine the number of kittens present if your cat is nearing her due date. Be sure to feed mom a kitten formula in the last few weeks of her pregnancy and during nursing as it will help provide extra beneficial nutrients for both mom and babies.

If you do not want kittens, some very early term pregnancies can be aborted with spaying, otherwise spaying mom is usually done when kittens are weaned from their mom.

Q. Hair missing underneath cats forelegs. No scratching, pulling hair, etc.
ANSWER : A. Hair loss can be caused by a wide range of things including metabolic changes (such as thyroid problems), injury to the leg (wounds and scratches) or even external parasites, bacteria or fungal infections. Checking for other signs of problems such as redness, strange growths, or even changes in appetite and activity level may help clue you in better as to what the cause can be. If the hair loss continues, or you see any additional signs of illness such as those listed above, then scheduling a veterinary check up is best.

Q. My kitty is 5 months old. We have recently noticed a wheezing noise when she breathes. She ia only suvivor of 8 kittens and is small for her age
ANSWER : A. I recommend you get a full health check and possibly a chest x-ray in order to identify exactly what is going on and treatment options. There are a number of viruses which kittens can develop at young ages and can contract from their mothers – given her small size and the poor survival of this litter I would be very concerned for this kitten also.