e is fine.

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. This may be an injury which may require surgical repair or could be a layer of dried tears/discharge which is lifting off like a scale. Bathe with some warm, previously boiled water and cotton wool if he will allow you, if there is any marked pain/squinting or bleeding he will require a full check up and assessment for repair, if not monitor of recurrent ocular discharge and any sneezing or coughing which would be associated with upper respiratory tract infections, some of which can also affect the surface of the eye

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Swelling of Conjunctival Tissue (Chemosis)

Swelling of the conjunctival tissue around the cornea occurs to some degree with all cases of conjunctivitis, but the most dramatic examples are seen with trauma, a deficiency of proteins in the blood (hypoproteinemia), allergic reactions, and insect bites.

Common features include downwardly slanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures); eyes that are widely spaced apart (ocular hypertelorism), and vertical skin folds that may cover the inner corners of the eyes (epicanthal folds), an abnormally small lower jaw (mandibular hypoplasia or micrognathia) and a flat nasal bridge.
Hyphema (Bleeding Within the Eyeball)

Causes include uveitis, traumatic injury, a tumor within the eye, detachment or tearing of the retina, high blood pressure, clotting disorders, birth defects, and glaucoma. Sudden, severe bleeding usually has a good outcome if the cause is identified and treated.

Haw`s syndrome results in bilateral projection of the third eyelid which is caused by a dysfunction of the sympathetic innervation in the region, not ac- companied by other ocular changes. The syndrome has been mostly seen in cats, under 2-year-old and, it usually shows an acute presentation.
Chemosis is a sign of eye irritation. The outer surface of the eye (conjunctiva) may look like a big blister. It can also look like it has fluid in it. When severe, the tissue swells so much that you can`t close your eyes properly.
Ocular dermoids in cats are usually characterized by the growth of hair on or near the cornea, or in the conjunctiva, the white of the eye. They may also appear on the upper eyelid. This condition is a rare congenital defect and will typically become apparent early on in a cat`s life.
Eye inflammation (uveitis) Glaucoma. Entropion. Corneal inflammation (keratitis)
Traumatic hyphema, or blood in the anterior chamber, is a common complication of blunt or penetrating injury to the eye and can result in permanent vision loss. The goals of initial assessment include recognition and characterization of the hyphema and identification of associated orbital and ocular injuries.
A hyphema is a pooling or collection of blood inside the anterior chamber of the eye (the space between the cornea and the iris). The blood may cover most or all of the iris and the pupil, blocking vision partially or completely. A hyphema is usually painful. If left untreated, it can cause permanent vision problems.
Horner`s syndrome in cats is usually caused by an injury or illness that has damaged the nerves leading to the face. Some causes for Horner`s syndrome in cats include: Brain tumor. Chest tumor.
Most cases of Horner`s syndrome will resolve spontaneously or on their own over time. Since your cat may have an inability to blink normally, your veterinarian may recommend symptomatic treatment in the form of eye lubricants to minimize the development of corneal ulcers from what is called `exposure keratitis`.
A conjunctival cyst is a benign (noncancerous) growth on your conjunctiva — the thin, clear membrane that protects the white part of your eye. It`s not a symptom of cancer and doesn`t mean you have (or will develop) cancer. The conjunctiva protects and lubricates your eye.
Clinically, conjunctival edema is referred to as chemosis. It is a nonspecific finding secondary to such causes as topical irritants, allergens, trauma, and infectious agents. Inflammatory cells may be present in the edematous areas.
A stye is an inflamed oil gland on the edge of your eyelid, where the eyelash meets the lid. It appears as a red, swollen bump that looks like a pimple. It is often tender to the touch.
Dermoid Cysts in the Eyes: Causes

Dermoid cysts are a congenital condition and are present at the time of birth. They are typically formed due to a disruption affecting how the skin layers grow together. Cysts are formed during the early phases of the child`s growth in the uterus.

The most common eyelid tumors of cats are squamous cell carcinomas (28% to 65%), mastocytomas (3% to 26%), hemangiosarcomas (2% to 14%), lymphomas (7% to 11%), adenocarcinomas (4% to 9%), peripheral nerve sheath tumors (7%), fibrosarcomas (5%), and apocrine hidrocystomas (3% to 7%).
Eyelid coloboma usually affects the upper eyelid. It typically looks like a notch or gap in the eyelid, but in severe cases, the visible part of that eyelid may be completely missing. Our eyelids protect the cornea — the clear front layer of the eye.
Retinoschisis is a condition that happens when your retina divides into two or more layers. Schisis means a split or a cleft. Retinoschisis affects the light-sensing layer of your retina and the layer of cells that transmits signals to your brain through the optic nerve.
Even if the sequestrum is present in some deeper layers of the cornea, it is possible that any piece of the sequestrum that remains may slough by itself. This can be an uncomfortable process and sometimes after sloughing a deep or full thickness (perforating) corneal defect results unexpectedly.
If you`ve noticed excessive eye-watering, frequent blinking or squinting, any brown, green, or yellow discharge coming from their eyes, or if you notice your cat constantly pawing at their eyes or rubbing them on furniture, there`s likely something wrong.
Hyphema is bleeding inside your eye that causes blood to pool between the layers within your eye. A subconjunctival hemorrhage is a term for a broken blood vessel on the surface of the eye. It will look like a small red spot on your eye.
A hypopyon is an accumulation of leukocytes in the anterior chamber due to severe intraocular inflammation.
A hyphema looks like a clot or layered blood in the front of your eye. If the anterior chamber is filled with blood, it`s called a total, black, or eight-ball hyphema. The doctor can also see if you have a microhyphema, which looks like a haze of red blood cells.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Why do cats meow?
ANSWER : A. Cat parents often wish they could better understand what their favorite feline friends want or desire. A cat’s meow can be interpreted in many different ways and can indicate an array of feelings and needs. Here are some of the most common reasons for your cat’s vocalizations:

1. Greeting- Many cats will meow as a greeting when you enter your home or walk into a room. Cats will also meow at another cat or animal in the household to extend a hello and acknowledge the other animal’s presence.

2. Attention – An exuberant meow followed by leg rubbing or another attention seeking behavior may indicate your cat is looking for some quality time spent together. Some petting or rubbing behind the ears may be in order.

3. Hunger – A meowing cat is often a hungry cat. This is one of the most common reasons for a cat to vocalize to their owners. A cat will meow to get your attention at feeding times or even when they want extra food.

4. Sickness – A sick or hurt cat may begin to meow excessively, warranting a visit to the veterinarian. There are numerous reasons for a cat in distress to meow—whether it is related to an upset stomach, an injured leg or a urinary blockage. These meows should be carefully investigated.

5. Entering or leaving – Most cats will vocalize when they want to be let in or out of a room. You may notice when you are in the bathroom or behind the closed door of a room that your cat begins to meow, scratches at the door, and often reaches its paw under the door. This is a clear indication that the cat wants to be where you are.

6. Angry – An agitated cat may meow to warn their owner or another household pet that they are upset and would like to be left alone. This angry meow may increase in sound volume as the cat becomes more stressed or agitated. Often a cat will exhibit this type of meow at the veterinary office when they are unhappy with their examination or restraint.

Each feline is different and so are their vocalizations. Learn to understand the variety of meows your cat uses on a daily basis. This will help you develop a better relationship with your cat and help them live a more trusting and happier life.

Q. My cat is pooping outside of the litter bix. He is 2 1/2. He did this as a kitten. It stopped then started about 3 months ago. Litterbox is clean.
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination or house soiling can be a frustrating problem but with a bit of detective work on your part, there is hope. First, before deciding that this is a behavioral issue, any medical problems (diarrhea, constipation, fecal incontinence, pain on defecation, etc.) need to be ruled out and/or treated. If your cat receives a clean bill of health from your vet but is still eliminating outside the litterbox, then we need to consider that something about the box itself might be aversive to your cat. Cats can be quite finicky about their litterbox and toileting habits. Below I have listed common recommendations and cat preferences for litterbox use. Review the list and make any changes that could account for your cat’s aversion to defecating in the litterbox:
* Soft, fine-grained clumping litter (vs, coarse-grained, non-clumping litter)
* Unscented
* 1 – 1 1/2 inch depth (especially older cats or cats with hip problems)
* Larger pans (especially for large cats) – want to get whole body inside – poop just outside the box might mean the box is too small
* Open, non-hooded
* At least one shallow side to get in and out easily
* Easy to get to – not hidden away, preferably in areas they spend time in or near – and not near appliances that make scary, unpredictable noises (washers, dryers, refrigerators)
* Scoop minimum 1X/day – preferably 2
* Clean the litterbox with soap and water and put in fresh scoopable litter at least once/month (instead of just continuously adding)
* Some cats prefer to urinate in one box and defecate in a separate box, so you may need 2 boxes even if you just have 1 cat. Multi-cat households should have 1 box/cat plus 1 extra.

Q. My cat continues to scratch on furniture and carpets. He has plenty of scratching posts around the house. Please help!
ANSWER : A. Scratching is a natural behavior in cats that can be frequently frustrating for pet owners who want to keep their furniture from being shredded on a constant basis. The texture of furniture and carpet is very appealing to cats and this why they frequently choose to spend their time on this activity as opposed to playing with their own cat toys. Here are some suggestions to help curb this unwanted behavior:

1. Purchase a cat scratching post or cat tree that is covered in carpeted or textured material. Place it in an appealing spot that your cat would be inclined to spend time (eg. in the sun). You can also place catnip on the scratching post or cat tree to make your cat even more interested in the new object.

2. You can utilize double sided tape on the ends of the furniture because you cat will not like the sticky feeling and will learn to not scratch in that region. Use the tape that has a lighter adhesive in order to prevent any permanent damage. Other materials, such as aluminum foil or bubble wrap can also be placed on the furniture to discourage the scratching.

3. Keep nails trimmed short by either learning to do this on your own at home or using a veterinary technician, or groomer. Nails can usually be trimmed every 6-8 weeks.

4. Redirect the unwanted behavior. If your cat begins scratching, use a favorite or new toy to distract the cat from the scratching. Give your cat positive praise for not scratching.

5. As a last resort you can use a spray bottle full of water to spritz your cat when he or she is scratching inappropriately at your furniture. Generally, cats do not like water and this will discourage them from continuing the behavior.

Have patience with your cat because it can takes time to understand this is an unwanted behavior and that furniture is not another toy for them to use. You can always consult your veterinary or veterinary behaviorist to help with ideas or further solutions to this problem.

Read Full Q/A … : I found Pickle on

Q. My 1 year old Cat Ashford has a problem with his right eye. It’s like the black lining that’s surrounds the eye is hanging off. His other eye is fine.
ANSWER : A. This may be an injury which may require surgical repair or could be a layer of dried tears/discharge which is lifting off like a scale. Bathe with some warm, previously boiled water and cotton wool if he will allow you, if there is any marked pain/squinting or bleeding he will require a full check up and assessment for repair, if not monitor of recurrent ocular discharge and any sneezing or coughing which would be associated with upper respiratory tract infections, some of which can also affect the surface of the eye

Q. My cats nose is stopped up on antibiotics. She has a loss of appetite, acting normal though. Is 3 ounces of can food enough in 24h? 9 pound cat
ANSWER : A. Cats with stopped up noses tend to eat much less, as you’ve noted, because they can’t smell their food as well. And the smell of food is pretty important to a cat’s appetite. You can start by warming up the food in a microwave – not too hot, test it yourself by putting your finger right in the center, as the temperature of microwave food can vary – as this will intensify the smell and hopefully make your cat more interested.

Saline nose drops, like those that are used on little kids, are safe to use on a cat to clean the discharge that is dried around and in the nose. There’s a brand called Little Noses that’s available in the U.S. That I like. You can put it on a q-tip and try to remove the debris. Humidifying the air with a humidifier can help as well, or you can put the cat in the bathroom and run the shower enough to generate steam. Don’t use “real” nose drops like Neo-synephrine or anything else like that – cats quickly build up resistance to them.

A 3 oz can of food is an OK amount in 24 hours, but do try the techniques above to help your cat get more interested in food. You might also try some baby food – no garlic or onions in the ingredients – as cats usually really like the taste of it.

Q. Cat is deficating on rugs, not litter box. Has never done this until this year. We drove from NY to FL, could there be a connection?
ANSWER : A. Sudden changes in bowel or litter box behavior can be caused by both behavioral or medical reasons. Scheduling a wellness exam with your local vet to rule out any problems (and also to bring in a stool sample) is the best first step. Problems such as digestive upset, constipation, diarrhea or even arthritis in older cats making it harder to get into the box can all cause this problem.

If your cat checks out healthy, it is possible that stress such as another person or pet in the home, age, or environment are causing the problem. Make sure that the litter used is the same, and if it needs to be changed that it is done gradually- cats are very picky about what they like as litter. Making sure bedding, food and water are not too close to the litter can also help as cats do not like to potty near these objects usually. For arthritic cats, a step or lowered box can make getting in and out easier to allow for proper use of the box. Keeping the box clean is also a must for cats.

As for cleaning up accidents, using a product such as an enzymatic cleaner may be helpful. These products break down urine and stool particles left in the accident area, and may deter your cat from using the spot as a bathroom again.

Q. I have 6 cats, my 2 black, male, cats have small eruptions on the furry bridge area above & to the side of the nose. They dry and form crust scabs.
ANSWER : A. I do agree with the answer below that any time more than one animal in a household is affected with a skin condition we have to rule out contagious disease – even if not every animal in the house in infected. The changes you are describing to your cats’ noses definitely sound compatible with infectious diseases like ringworm and mites (mange). However, if your cats stay indoors and don’t have contact with cats outside of your other cats, and if none of your cats (not just the infected ones) came from a shelter recently it’s probably not something contagious.

I will add that I have seen non-affected cats that carry ringworm and pass it to other animals in the household, so if you have any new cats check for ringworm.

Once infectious causes have been ruled out you can think about strange things, like immune-mediated skin disease (lupus) and solar dermatitis. Diagnosing what exactly is causing the problem and how to treat it may require taking a biopsy from one or preferably both cats.

Q. 5 Yr old female cat change in behavior last 2 mos: hides, sleeps all the time, meows when touched, decrease appetite; last 1-2 wks wobbley.
ANSWER : A. While I think neurologic disease is certainly a concern based on what you’re describing, and should be ruled out with a good neuro exam (full examination of spinal reflexes and cranial nerves), a cat that sleeps all the time and is wobbly could have many things going on. What you’re describing sounds like generalized weakness to me, and that could be caused by heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, anemia (lots of causes to this) or metabolic/hormonal conditions like diabetes. Often cats “look” neurologic when in fact they’re just really weak.

However, as far as specific neurologic conditions that might cause what you’re seeing, chronic ear infections or a polyp in the inner or middle ear can affect the vestibular nerve and affect balance, some drugs if used long term (metronidazole) can cause it as well. Other things include intervertebral disk disease (slipped disk), cancer in the spinal cord, thiamine deficiency (not a problem if your cat eats a commercially-prepared diet) and feline infectious peritonitis.

Unfortunately the only way to start figuring out what’s going on is likely with lab work (complete blood count, chemistry panel, and urinalysis) and x-rays for starters (likely of the spine). And as I said above a good neuro exam is critical to starting to figure out whether it’s a neuro problem or not. Your vet will possibly recommend other tests based on the initial results. If you’d like to consult further about exactly what’s going on with your cat select the “consult” button.