f her legs

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. I’m not sure what you are describing since the question is cut off. Is she knuckled over due to tendon contraction or are her joints too lax? This sounds like it could be a congenital malformation unless it is a sudden, new problem. If this is so, get her seen by your vet as soon as possible so treatment can be started while the condition is new and hopefully before lasting damage is done.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Over time, horses with DSLD develop suspensory ligaments that do not properly support the fetlock joint. Without proper support from the suspensory ligament the fetlocks drop and the pasterns flatten out until they are nearly parallel to the ground.
Weak flexor tendon in horses is also known as flaccidity or dropped fetlocks. Typical symptoms include not weight bearing on the toe like he should, hyperextension of the leg, and improper hoof placement. The tendon and the muscle in the area lack strength and cause the foal to use his leg improperly.
Abnormal sagging of the fetlock indicates weakness or loss of function of the suspensory apparatus of the hind limb. The most commonly implicated tendon associated with subtle dropping of the fetlock is the suspensory ligament.
Angular limb deformity (ALD) refers to an outward (valgus) or inward (varus) deviation of a limb. The point of deviation for most limb deformities is associated with a joint. The carpus (knee) is, by far, the most common joint affected. The fetlock (ankle) and tarsus (hock) can also be affected.
Treatment success with traditional options—including rest, support bandages, and anti-inflammatory medication—has been limited. Veterinarians have also started using stem cell or protein-rich plasma (PRP) injection directly into affected ligaments in an attempt to improve healing.
Definition. Dorsal subluxation is a poorly defined syndrome likely a result of injury to the palmar/plantar support structures of the pastern region. Dorsal subluxations are usually evidenced by malalignment visible from the side as an enlargement of the dorsal pastern region.
So called `Ballerina Syndrome` refers to a foal that stands on tiptoe, heels off the ground. The hoof pastern axis (HPA ) becomes broken forward to varying degrees. This condition can develop rapidly; the deep digital flexor tendon (DD FT) is primarily involved.
As the disease progresses, the horse loses weight and becomes weak and listless. The coat may become shaggy, dull, and faded. As the animal loses muscle mass, the skeleton may become pronounced and the abdomen tucked up.
Foals with fetlock varus should have their exercise restricted and will generally respond to an extension applied to the lateral side of the foot to change the forces on the lateral side of the physis. The window of opportunity for treatment is small and the extension should be applied at 1–3 weeks of age.
Chip and fragmented fractures can be surgically removed using an endoscope. The outlook is excellent for these fractures as long as no other abnormalities are present. Long, split fractures can be repaired using 2 or more bone screws.
Newborn foals may be born with legs that appear very crooked when viewed from the front. In most cases, these will straighten rapidly with a little time and no treatment. Importantly, however, certain types and degrees of deviation may not resolve on their own and veterinary treatment may be necessary.
Foals born on or after their estimated foaling date but that are smaller than normal and exhibit signs of prematurity are considered dysmature or “small for gestational age.” These foals are thought to have suffered from placental insufficiency, meaning that the placenta could not provide all of the oxygen and …
Some techniques she mentioned included deep-heating ultrasound, electroacupuncture, electrical muscle stimulation, resistance training in water (AquaPacer treadmill), and work on hills or sloped treadmills. “We have had excellent results in regenerating atrophied muscles using physical therapy,” she added.
Rest the front of the fetlock in one hand and place the other hand on the front of the knee. Using your `knee hand`, gently draw the leg backwards, shifting your weight back as you go. This is a small movement – do not expect the leg to move too far back!
Treatment with corticosteroids can halt the muscle atrophy and may be combined with antibiotics if an infection is present. Muscle mass may recover without treatment within 2-3 months. Horses are fed a diet containing high quality protein and balanced vitamins and minerals during the recovery period.
Chiropractors are specialists in correcting subluxation and other misalignments. A chiropractor can restore the misaligned vertebrae to their proper position in the spinal column. They do this manually by using the chiropractic procedure known as spinal adjustment.
Subluxations over time will lead to negative affects on the discs, bones, and surrounding tissues. If left untreated for too long this damage becomes irreversible.
You can look for swelling or heat in this joint as one of the first signs of a hind fetlock injury. Other signs of lameness include: Reluctance to weight bear on the affected limb. Reduced range of motion in the fetlock.
Knuckling refers to flexion of the fetlock joint caused by damage to spinal cord, nerves, muscle or tendons. There may be partial flexion where the soles of the hooves are bearing weight, or extreme flexion where the front of the pastern is bearing weight. Many injuries or conditions may cause knuckling.
What it does: Lordosis, also known as swayback, is a curvature or dip in the spine that is often seen in older horses. However, in the American Saddlebred, this condition also affects younger horses. These animals do not appear to experience pain from their condition and are still able to be used under saddle.
What is Exertional Rhabdomyolysis in Horses? Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) also called “tying-up” is a syndrome in horses that causes muscle pain and cramping associated with exercise. The words exertional rhabdomyolysis mean the dissolving of muscle cells with exercise.
Deficiency causes reduced appetite, slowed growth, physitis in growing horses, bone demineralization (leading to stress fractures and bone deformities), and poor muscle contraction. Horses do best when they receive at least 6.6 IU of vitamin D per kilogram of body weight.
The most commonly administered medications for treating painful conditions in horses are phenylbutazone (Bute), flunixin meglumine (Banamine), ketoprofen (Ketofen), and firocoxib (Equioxx). These are classified as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs.
Contracted tendons in the fetlock and knee is evident by the buckling of the joints forwards. Hyperextension of the fetlock joints is commonly seen. In these cases the horse is seen to walk on the back part of the hoof and will tend to rock onto the bulbs of the heels which means the toes do not touch the ground.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My 10 month old filly’s pasterns and fetlocks look like they are reversed. The back of her lower legs are perfectly straight and the front of her legs
ANSWER : A. I’m not sure what you are describing since the question is cut off. Is she knuckled over due to tendon contraction or are her joints too lax? This sounds like it could be a congenital malformation unless it is a sudden, new problem. If this is so, get her seen by your vet as soon as possible so treatment can be started while the condition is new and hopefully before lasting damage is done.

Q. My dog has a hard time walking on his front legs. I was told he has nerve damage and he was walking on three legs now it seems to be both front legs
ANSWER : A. Problems with walking in the front legs can be caused by a large number of things. Arthritis in older dogs can cause joint pain and stiffness which may make walking hard. Nerve or muscular damage may also cause problems.

With nerve or muscle damage there is often a loss of muscle tone in the affected limbs. Limbs may look skinnier than unaffected ones, and may lose overall muscle mass. In some cases, treatment for pain or soreness may help improve symptoms some. Depending on the severity of the damage, some dogs may recover while others have permanent damage.

It may also be that if your dog was putting all his weight on one front leg to help the other, that the good front leg is now stiff and sore. Restricting exercise, giving a supplement to help joints and bones and following your veterinarian’s recommendations for care can all help your dog to feel a little better.

Q. My dog is house trained but has started pooping in the house, why is she doing that?
ANSWER : A. It could be the type of food you are feeding. If you are feeding a lower quality kibble, it will be packed with fillers. These fillers will cause your dog to poop more than is necessary, and it can cause your dog to poop indoors because of the excess poop. Finding a higher quality kibble like Taste of the Wild, Orijen, or a high quality food like Ziwipeak, or Honest Kitchen, will help with that issue.

Remember to NEVER scold for accident indoors. The more you scold, the more fearful your dog is of pooping in front of you, the less your dog will want to poop in front of you outdoors, the more he will poop indoors, the more you scold… it’s a vicious cycle.

Have you been cleaning messes with Nature Miracle? Pick up a bottle, and try cleaning with that instead of regular cleaner. It will eliminate the smells deep down (even to your dog), which will discourage him from potting in that spot again.

Maybe he needs to be taken outside more often, and maybe he needs to be kept outside longer each time. He should be allowed at least 10 minutes of roaming outside before he has to come back inside. Allow him 10 minutes every single time you bring him outside, just in case he has to poop. He needs every opportunity you can give him. Bring him outside every hour if he’s full grown, every 40 minutes if he’s an adolescent (6-10 months), and every 30 minutes if he’s a puppy (2-6 months). If you have a doggy door, you should still be bringing your dog outside yourself to encourage him to stay outside longer, and poop. When he does poop outside, you should praise him, and reward him with lots of treats!

Q. Rescued a dog almost two weeks ago, and now that her kennel cough is gone her personality shines!! No previous training, how should I start?

After your dog is familiar with the behavior you lured from scratch, and taught to your dog, you can start to use the “no-reward marker” I talked about. What you do is ask the dog to perform the behavior, and if the dog does not perform the behavior, you simply say your no-reward marker (choose one: eh-eh, hey, uh-oh, oops) show them the treat, put it behind your back, and BRIEFLY ignore your dog. Just turn your back for a second or two, before turning back to your dog and saying, “let’s try that again.” When you’re ready to start over with your dog, make sure you move around. If you are repeating the same cue while in the same position, while your dog is in the same position, you are likely to receive the same results. The more you move around, and start fresh, the better your chances are of having your dog listen to your cue the second time around. BIG rewards when they dog it successfully! Lots of praise and treats.

My no-reward marker is “hey.” When my dog does something wrong I say, “hey” and she immediately understands that she needs to offer a different behavior. This is clear to her. I don’t have to say it in a mean way, I simply say, “hey” in a normal tone of voice and she understands what the word means.

Once you’ve built up that connection and communication with your new dog, you can work on all kinds of fun behaviors! I personally enjoy the more zen-like behaviors: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruy9UMcuGh8

I like to teach my dog fun tricks that offer her a “job” to do of sorts like object retrieval: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4iertZSva8

(object retrieval training completed; what it looks like: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jx0Dml28FGY)

Scent-games are fun too! Very confidence building. Hide a REALLY smelly treat in a box, and place that box in a line of boxes. Let your dog go in the room while saying something like “search!” or “find it!” and watch them hunt for that smelly treat! Lots of rewards when they find it!

Q. Why does my English bulldog have re occurring urinary tract infection since she’s a 8 weeks and she’s 9 months now? And now they say she may have ki
ANSWER : A. As I’m sure your vet has told you it’s pretty unusual for a dog to have had multiple UTI’s starting at 8 weeks of age. I think it’s likely that she has a congential problem, which means something didn’t develop correctly inside or outside her body and it’s making her prone to the UTI’s.

There are a few bladder abnormalities that can contribute to UTIs, including urachal diverticulum (a little pouch or out-cropping of the bladder) and ectopic ureters (the ureters do not enter the bladder at the appropriate spot). On the outside, she could have a redundant vulvar fold, which is predisposing her to trapping fecal matter at her vulva, and the bacteria is ascending up to her bladder and causing recurrent UTIs.

The other possibility of that she got a UTI initially and it was never treated appropriately, i.e. The appropriate antibiotic wasn’t used and it never really resolved, but it seems like it’s coming back. I think this is less likely, as it’s really uncommon to begin with to see UTI’s in dogs this young. I also once saw a 4 month old dog with bladder cancer, but that’s incredibly rare and I think highly unlikely in your dog.

Your question got cut off at the end but it sounded like you were about to say that she may have kidney problems. If that’s right clearly this is becoming a serious problem for her.

Your dog needs a competent vet to work up this problem. It’s likely that she’s going to need some advanced imaging, including possibly an x-ray procedure called a cystogram and possibly an ultrasound. You might consider taking her to a veterinary internal medicine specialist at this point, if one is available in your area.

Q. 10 year old Lab mix vomited and her back legs gave out. I also noticed a lump on her lower abdomen – feels like fatty tissue. Are those connected?
ANSWER : A. It could be related or it may not be. I would venture a guess at no, but cannot see your dog and she needs to see a vet if the back legs are giving out. Diagnostics such as X-rays may be needed to see if it’s arthritis or something else.

Read Full Q/A … : Vetinfo

Q. 2 month old Bulldog. While playing gets TOO rough:gripping hand REALLY tight/growling/shaking to the point of drawing blood. Aggresive?Normal?HELP!!
ANSWER : A. For the most part, this sounds pretty normal to me. English Bulldogs can be like this. What you can do is teach him bite inhibition. He needs to know that biting gets him nothing. Each and every time he nips, even gently, you immediately yelp like a puppy would, stand up, cross your arms, and ignore your puppy. Once he is ignoring you, go back to calmly playing with him WITH A TOY. Remember to always use a toy when playing with/petting/interacting with puppies. They will be teething very soon, and they don’t understand that biting you is inappropriate, so using a toy to redirect their attention is important. He needs SOMETHING to bite, or else he will choose your hand. Give him more options.

Another thing you can do is have a toy that YOU OWN. This can be a soft braided rope toy or something of the like. Dot not allow your dog to have this toy whenever he wants. This toy disappears when you are done playing with him with it, and reappears when you want to play. Never allow him to “win” games with this toy. Eventually, the toy will hold so much meaning, when he sees it, he will be instantly interested in the toy instead of your hands.

It also helps to have two bags of toys. Bag#1 is full of chew toys/rope toys/soft toys/etc. It comes out for one week, and then disappears and out comes Bag#2. Bag#2 has the same types of toys in it. This will keep the toys feeling like “new” to your pup and make him less likely to chew on you during play!

Q. For the past few months my dog has slowly licked most all of his hair off his legs and lower belly. The skin is now dotted with red sore spots.
ANSWER : A. Skin problems can have a variety of causes, sometimes more than one. It is important to have the problem checked by your vet to determine if there is a medical cause for your pet’s skin issues and treat accordingly.

In pets of all ages, fleas, food allergies and exposure to chemical irritants such as cleaners and soaps can be a cause. Any one of these may not be enough to trigger the breakouts, depending on how sensitive your pet is, but a combination can be enough to start the itch-scratch cycle. Finding out the cause and eliminating it is the best course of action. With flea allergies, if your pet is sensitive enough, a single bite can cause them to break out scratch enough to tear their skin.

Check for fleas with a flea comb. Look for fleas and/or tiny black granules, like coarse black pepper. This is flea feces, consisting of digested, dried blood. You may find tiny white particles, like salt, which are the flea eggs. Applying a good topical monthly flea treatment and aggressively treating your house and yard will help break the flea life cycle.

If you use plastic bowls, this is a possible cause for hair loss, though this tends to be on the chin, where their skin touches the bowl while they eat. If you suspect this to be the culprit, try changing the bowls to glass, metal or ceramic.

Food allergies are often caused by sensitivity to a protein in the food. Hill’s Science Diet offers some non-prescription options for sensitive skin as well as prescription hypoallergenic foods for more severe cases. Royal Canin carries limited protein diets that may also offer some relief. Your vet can recommend a specific diet that will help.