A. She may not be ready yet to accept the stud. The best time for mating is around 10-14 from the beginning of season but there are many bitches with early or late ovulation. Keep trying with the stud dog every other day. You can ask your vet for ovulation test if she will not allow the stud at all.
How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?
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The most common reason for a dog refusing to stand to be mated is that she is not yet ready. The female has gone past the time when she would allow the male to mount. It is a good idea to allow the male access to the female dog every few days after she has been in heat for about 4 days.
Heightened vaginal discharge after estrus (“heat”) in an intact dog can be normal and may appear bloody. This is also normal for a number of days after an animal has given birth.
The vulva becomes very enlarged and soft, and the bitch will be receptive to the male. This stage may last 3 or 4 days or as long as 7 to 11 days. The female may be receptive a day or two past the time when she would still be fertile.
It is normal for a dog in estrus (heat) to continue to have bleeding even after they`ve been bred. As long as the bloody discharge isn`t excessive and you dog isn`t acting unusually (not eating, acting lethargic,vomiting or having diarrhea) then this shouldn`t be cause for concern.
It`s called a “copulatory tie”. Don`t do anything to try to separate the dogs, especially pull them apart by force, which could hurt them! Stay calm and wait for the dogs to unstick themselves. If they`re still stuck together after an hour (which is unlikely to happen), call your vet to get advice.
Keep the dogs calm
If you want natural mating, you need both dogs to remain calm. If dogs are agitated or nervous, mating is less likely to occur. If the male and female dogs do not already know each other, make sure they meet a few days prior to the mating day. You should also keep the environment calm.
Pre-oestrus: The start of pre-oestrus can generally be precisely pinpointed, since it is accompanied by highly visible changes to the female dog in question. Its vulva swells and bloody vaginal discharge is secreted. This phase tends to last nine days, but variations between three and 17 days are not uncommon.
Many wonder how long does a female dog in heat bleed. Most female dogs who go into heat will bleed, typically a week or so after the vulva begins to swell. Discharge can range from white to pink to deep red and bleeding will typically last for about 10 days. Some dogs, however, go through silent heat.
The fertility rate in a slip mating is not quite as good, as there is often some spillage of semen when withdrawal occurs prior to the locking phase. However, conception is still possible and even likely, providing ejaculation occurred prior to the dogs` separating.
Birth by Cesarian Section is often required, depending on the size of the canine fetuses. Breeding a small female with a larger male dog is a decision that should be made with expert counsel and the dog owner must be made aware that the pregnancy will be a high risk to the female and her puppy fetuses.
Canine spermatozoa may remain motile  and even fertile for up to 11 days in the female genital tract . There is evidence that canine sperm are stored in the utero-tubal junction and the uterine glands [8,9].
A pregnant dog doesn`t typically show physical signs of pregnancy until about day 40 of pregnancy. Around this time, the belly will begin to noticeably expand, continuing to do so for around three weeks. The nipples will also enlarge and in the final week of pregnancy, they may leak milk.
One such option is known as a `mis-mating injection. ` If you suspect your dog mated in the last 22 days, then an injection of Alizin, an antiprogestagenic compound, may be an option. This medication will terminate the growing cluster of cells inside your dog and is 100% effective within 22 days of mating.
Not only are they not fertile, but their reproductive organs won`t open for penetration unless they are in heat so they can`t even engage in intercourse. If you discover that your female dog has engaged in intercourse, chances are that her heat symptoms were minimal or silent, so you did not realize she was in heat.
Overview of Vaginal Discharge in Dogs
Vaginal discharge may be clear and watery (serous), bloody, thick and gray (mucous), yellow/green (purulent), or dark green/black (after giving birth).
Clear and stretchy — This is “fertile” mucous and means you`re ovulating. Clear and watery — This occurs at different times of your cycle and can be particularly heavy after exercising. Yellow or green — May indicate an infection, especially if it`s thick or clumpy like cottage cheese or has a foul odor.
As her cycle progresses, the texture and color of the flow changes to more of a straw-color. It is this discharge that produces a unique smell that is quite appealing to male dogs. The discharge and the accompanying smell is nature`s way of alerting male dogs to the fact that a female is fertile.
Experts believe that heat is not painful for dogs, though it`s not uncommon for dogs to appear agitated, anxious, or whine excessively when they come into heat. Other normal changes you might notice include more frequent urination, bloody vulval discharge, licking the genital area, nausea, and changes in appetite.
It`s caused by hormonal changes. If the discharge is watery, it`s most likely normal and not a sign of infection. Clear and watery discharge can increase at any point during your cycle. Estrogen can stimulate the production of more fluids.
Normal vaginal discharge should be clear or white. It shouldn`t smell bad, and its thickness may change throughout your menstrual cycle. Other characteristics of vaginal discharge include: Texture: It`s normal to have vaginal discharge that ranges from watery and sticky to gooey, thick and pasty.
For most females, the best time for breeding is between the tenth and fourteenth day of estrus. However, some females ovulate as early as the third or fourth day or as late as the eighteenth day. It is normal to arrange for two matings (also called stud services) for your dog, often 24 to 48 hours apart.
Stress, pain, and inexperience, are all common reasons why a coitus can be stopped. Obviously, the breeder and the environment may also cause the dogs to stop the matin before the sire`s ejaculation.
After about 9-10 days, the bleeding will become more watery, or stop. It is at this time your female will, most likely, be at her most fertile. This proestrus stage can last as long as 20 days in some dogs. So the end of bleeding can be a more useful indicator of peak fertility.