Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Tumor treatment depends greatly on your dog’s overall health and the severity of the tumor as well as its exact location. It is best to have your vet take a look at the growth, and possibly take a sample to send to a lab to see if it is likely to spread or continue growing. Your vet may also recommend a full examination to make sure the tumor has not spread. If the growth is causing issues such as difficulty eating, your vet may also recommend surgical removal or changing to an easier to eat diet such as soft foods or supplements to make getting nutrition easier.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

The average survival time of untreated dogs is reported to be 65 days. With surgery alone, the average survival times and 1-year survival rates of dogs range from 5-17 months and 21-27%, respectively. In general, the smaller the tumor and the closer to the front of the mouth it is, the better the prognosis.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC):

SCC is one of the two most common oral tumors we see in dogs and the most common oral tumor that we see in cats. It often presents as a rapidly growing pink fleshy mass associated with the gingiva (gums), oral mucosa, or tongue.

Melanomas appear pigmented or non-pigmented, and may be nodular or cauliflower-like in appearance. These tumors may appear as swellings on the gums around the teeth, or on the hard or soft palates. They frequently ulcerate (break open) and bleed. They may also become infected.
Surgery. The primary treatment recommendation for oral tumors in dogs is surgical resection. This surgery may entail extensive procedures, including mandibulectomy, maxillectomy, or glossectomy.
Pets with oral tumors will often have a history of pain while trying to chew or swallow food, food dropping out of the mouth while eating, drooling, or not willing to eat at all. Periodontal disease, bad breath, and tooth loss may also be noted. If lesions are ulcerated, there may be blood-tinged saliva.
They tend to grow very quickly—often involving the underlying bone—and some varieties readily spread to other areas of the body.
Peripheral odontogenic fibromas (previously called fibromatous epulis or ossifying epulis) are the most common benign oral tumors. These firm masses involve the gingival tissue adjacent to a tooth. They affect dogs of any age but are most common in dogs >6 yr old.
The diagnosis of an oral mass in a pet can be a frightening thing for a pet owner. However, the majority of oral tumors in dogs tend to be benign, meaning they are often less aggressive and do not spread to other regions of the body like a malignancy.
The most common cause of a bump on the gums is an oral fibroma. They`re noncancerous lumps that develop on the irritated or injured gum tissue. Oftentimes, fibromas are painless and feel like hard, smooth, dome-shaped lumps.
Epulis is a benign oral tumor found in dogs. Epulis is a general term used to define a mass of any type arising from the gums. These tumors can occur at any age, but middle-aged and geriatric dogs are affected most often. Epulides are most common in dogs such as Pugs and Boxers.
Oral melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and fibrosarcoma are common oral tumors in dogs. Other types include adenocarcinomas, ameloblastomas, and osteosarcomas. Oral tumors—both cancerous and non-cancerous—can form in any part of your pet`s mouth.
Oral cancer is fairly common. It can be cured if found and treated at an early stage (when it`s small and has not spread). A healthcare provider or dentist often finds oral cancer in its early stages because the mouth and lips are easy to examine.
An epulis refers to a benign (noncancerous) mass-like growth in the mouth that typically grows over or around a tooth.
Oral cancer is a serious illness that if caught early on can be treated successfully. That`s why it`s important you try to see your dentist twice a year and make time to do a monthly self-examination. There are ways to prevent oral cancer, and one of the most important is to avoid using tobacco products.
They can also increase and decrease in size over time. Tumors can be irritating and dogs will scratch, lick, or bite the mass and surrounding skin. This trauma causes the tumor cells to release the chemicals in their granules leading to a localized reaction.
Most oral cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinoma. These cancers tend to spread quickly.
Myth #3: Only Older Pets Develop Cancer

Cancers such as osteosarcoma and lymphoma are commonly diagnosed in dogs younger than 2 years of age. Others, including rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and nephroblastoma, originate from primitive tissue lines, and develop most commonly in young pets.

Gingival hyperplasia is excessive growth or thickening of gum tissue. This condition is more common in Boxers, Great Danes, Collies, Mastiffs, and Retriever breeds but may be seen in any breed. The hyperplasia is the result of inflammation due to bacteria and plaque or can occur secondary to certain medications (eg.
One of the most common growths in a dog`s mouth is a canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma, a slow-growing tumor. It can look innocent, but it is highly invasive. Surgical removal is curative but usually requires removing the tumor as well as a small margin of surrounding gum tissue, teeth and bone.
Epulis in dogs is not a life-threatening disease but can significantly impair the dog`s quality of life if left untreated. These masses can become quite large, ulcerated, or infected. Large, painful masses may interfere with eating and lead to chronic pain.
Gum cancer occurs when cells in your gum tissue grow out of control, forming malignant lesions and/or tumors. It`s a rare, slow-growing carcinoma, accounting for 6 percent of oral cancers, according to the European Journal of Dentistry. Because of similar symptoms, gum cancer can be easily mistaken for gingivitis.
Lipomas. These are fatty, benign lumps that are particularly common in overweight dogs. Lipomas may be recommended for removal if they become particularly large, uncomfortable, or get in the way of your dog moving around.
Distinguishing a benign tumor from a cancerous tumor requires specialized knowledge and laboratory equipment. A veterinarian can perform a fine needle aspiration of cells or a biopsy (which removes a small amount of tissue from a tumor) for evaluation.
The most common oral malignancies in dogs are melanomas, squamous cell carcinomas, and fibrosarcomas [3].

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My boxer has a tumor on his gums He is 8 1/2 yrs old
ANSWER : A. Tumor treatment depends greatly on your dog’s overall health and the severity of the tumor as well as its exact location. It is best to have your vet take a look at the growth, and possibly take a sample to send to a lab to see if it is likely to spread or continue growing. Your vet may also recommend a full examination to make sure the tumor has not spread. If the growth is causing issues such as difficulty eating, your vet may also recommend surgical removal or changing to an easier to eat diet such as soft foods or supplements to make getting nutrition easier.

Read Full Q/A … : Boxer Dog Cancer

Q. My cat is pooping outside of the litter bix. He is 2 1/2. He did this as a kitten. It stopped then started about 3 months ago. Litterbox is clean.
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination or house soiling can be a frustrating problem but with a bit of detective work on your part, there is hope. First, before deciding that this is a behavioral issue, any medical problems (diarrhea, constipation, fecal incontinence, pain on defecation, etc.) need to be ruled out and/or treated. If your cat receives a clean bill of health from your vet but is still eliminating outside the litterbox, then we need to consider that something about the box itself might be aversive to your cat. Cats can be quite finicky about their litterbox and toileting habits. Below I have listed common recommendations and cat preferences for litterbox use. Review the list and make any changes that could account for your cat’s aversion to defecating in the litterbox:
* Soft, fine-grained clumping litter (vs, coarse-grained, non-clumping litter)
* Unscented
* 1 – 1 1/2 inch depth (especially older cats or cats with hip problems)
* Larger pans (especially for large cats) – want to get whole body inside – poop just outside the box might mean the box is too small
* Open, non-hooded
* At least one shallow side to get in and out easily
* Easy to get to – not hidden away, preferably in areas they spend time in or near – and not near appliances that make scary, unpredictable noises (washers, dryers, refrigerators)
* Scoop minimum 1X/day – preferably 2
* Clean the litterbox with soap and water and put in fresh scoopable litter at least once/month (instead of just continuously adding)
* Some cats prefer to urinate in one box and defecate in a separate box, so you may need 2 boxes even if you just have 1 cat. Multi-cat households should have 1 box/cat plus 1 extra.

Q. My dog is 14yrs old has gum disease, incontinance, bleeding gums, 2 mouth tumors, vet said euthanise or surgery not guaranteed. What do I do?
ANSWER : A. This sounds like a difficult case, usually intra oral tumors are very aggressive and compete removal is almost impossible. most of of these oral tumor removals are eventually unsuccessful, for this reason i usually advise keeping the dog comfortable until the condition is too advanced, then i advise to opt for euthanasia.

Q. My dog had very red gums. He is also eating grass. Is this normal?
ANSWER : A. Normal gums on a dog are usually a pinkish color, and can be checked for health by lightly pressing down on the gum until it turns white. When your finger is removed, the color should return within 2-3 seconds. In dogs that are anemic or ill, the gums will continue to be a pale white color for a long period. Gums that are blood red, or appear to be bleeding can indicate a problem such as a bleeding or blood clotting disorder, and can also sometimes indicate ingestion of a poison or toxin causing a bleeding disorder.

If your dog’s gums are actively bleeding or blood red, you think your dog may have ingested something toxic or poisonous, or he has other symptoms of bleeding, lethargy, or illness, it is best to contact your local veterinarian or emergency clinic immediately for treatment.

Q. He has a malignant tumor the size of a small grapefruit on the left side of liver what homopathyic steps can I take to help him or surgery an option
ANSWER : A. I’m assuming the tumor was diagnosed on ultrasound, and a needle aspirate was taken to diagnose the type of tumor? If that hasn’t been done it should be – lots of tumors, especially the big ones, aren’t malignant, and may not cause any big problems if left alone. So let’s start there – get a needle biopsy done if possible.

If you definitely have a diagnosis of “cancer”, and the tumor is confined to one area or “lobe” of the liver, it may absolutely be surgically resectable, which may provide a complete cure. I would discuss this option with a very capable surgeon, perhaps one who is board certified if available, and proceed if he/she thinks the whole tumor can be removed.

Unfortunately I can’t think of any natural or homeopathic treatments that could be helpful. I think first you have to know the tumor is dangerous and then consider removing it, if possible.

Read Full Q/A … : pharm nclex Flashcards

Q. Approx 8 years old, had her for 4 years, last couple months has been peeing in/out of her box on furniture,blankets,etc. Never had this behavior.
ANSWER : A. Most of the time when a cat is peeing on your personal belongings such as your bed or piles of clothing/blankets the cat is telling you it is upset about something. Try to think of what could have happened that brought change to the cat’s life. Such as a new baby, new house, new pet, change in routine. New food, new liter, ect. I would try to address what was the change if possible. Make sure to keep the box clean and try adding more boxes. 1 box per cat and 1 box per house story. (2 story house 2 cats = 2-4 boxes).

Q. I have 2 male cats 1 is 10 year’s old and the other is 1 year old they both have been fix and have all there shorts the 1 year old wants to bit
ANSWER : A. Your question got cut off; please re-post or request a consult if you require advice on a specific query

Q. My cat will not eat the renal food my veterinarian recommended, can I feed a grocery store food?
ANSWER : A. Your veterinarian recommended a therapeutic kidney diet because it has ingredients that will help slow the progression of your cat’s conditions, especially phosphorus and lower protein levels. Many of the non-prescription or grocery store foods generally have high levels of phosphorus and would not be ideal for your cat.

To help your cat accept the new food It is important to do a transition. There are two reasons to do a transition:

1) Occasionally a pet will have a GI upset when switched to a new diet,

2) A pet will accept a new food better when a transition is done to allow the pet to get use to the new texture and flavor.

There is more of a chance with a hydrolyzed protein or different (high or low) fiber level food to cause a GI upset. Transition recommendation:

1) Recommend ¾ old diet – ¼ new diet

2) Do this for a few days; if no GI upset, go to the next step

3) ½ old diet – ½ new diet

4) Do this for a few days; if no GI upset, go to the next step

5) ¼ old diet – ¾ new diet

6) Do this for a few days; if no GI upset, go to the next step

7) End with 100% of the new food.

Sometimes a transition should be longer, especially for cats. Use the same recommendation, but instead of a few days, recommend doing each step for a week or more. If you cat is still not interested in the new diet you can research other non-prescription diets focusing on the labels for appropriate levels of phosphorus and protein.

Also, home cooking may be an option but make sure to provide adequate nutrients. A good website to consult is balanceit.com. This website helps you to create well balanced home cooked recipes and offers supplements to add into the diet.