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Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Place an e-collar on him to prevent further chewing or licking. Have your dog rechecked by your vet. Have the anal glands expressed if necessary and checked for developing infection. If the diagnosis is anal gland issues, consider adding in additional fiber to the diet to aid defecation. The act of defecation is what normally expresses the glands.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

If you are wondering `why my dog keeps biting its back end` then it could be due to anal gland issues, skin infections, allergies, or boredom. Pain can also be a cause of obsessive tail biting. Get your dog anal gland issues sorted and schedule regular anal glands flushed at the vets.
It is a symptom caused by dry skin, allergies, parasites, or other underlying conditions. Anxiety and boredom can cause dogs to lick, chew, and bite as a response. Changing your dog`s diet may be the key to stopping obsessive licking behavior. Fatty acid supplements can help ease pain and itching from dry skin.
Warm compresses

Make a compress out of a warm wet washcloth and hold it to your pup`s bottom for 5 minutes to encourage better drainage. You may need to rewet the cloth to keep it warm while you do this. After a few minutes, try to empty the scent glands.

If your dog is chewing his butt, it can be a sign of parasites, such as tapeworm, ticks or fleas. Other symptoms to look out for to let you know that your dog might have a parasite include: Weight loss.
Itching may be caused by several disorders, such as contact dermatitis, allergy, and infection. The itching can also be caused by parasites, such as fleas or mites. Inflamed skin caused by chewing or licking is common in dogs.
When used properly, ear thermometers are a reliable and less invasive way to take your dog`s temperature. An ear thermometer works by measuring infrared heat waves that are emitted from the dog`s eardrum area. Be sure to place the thermometer deep into the horizontal ear canal to obtain an accurate reading.
To reduce fever in dogs, apply a towel or cloth soaked in cool water to your dog`s ears and paws and run a fan near your dog. Stop applying the water when your dog`s temperature drops below 103 F. Continue to monitor your dog closely to ensure that the fever doesn`t return.
Three common causes of itchy bottoms are fleas, worms and anal glands issues with anal glands being top of the list and the main focus of this discussion. Less common causes are allergies, skin infections and tumours.
The scent generally associated with parvo is caused by blood in the stool. Dogs with bloody stools because of hookworms have precisely the same smell. MORE IMPORTANTLY, if a puppy is diagnosed with Parvo BEFORE there is blood in the stool, the antivirals` effectiveness is MUCH GREATER.
Signs of heartworm disease may include a mild persistent cough, reluctance to exercise, fatigue after moderate activity, decreased appetite, and weight loss. As heartworm disease progresses, pets may develop heart failure and the appearance of a swollen belly due to excess fluid in the abdomen.
Are these infections serious for dogs? Intestinal worms can be a serious problem in young puppies. Hookworms can cause anemia and roundworms can lead to poor growth and development. In adult dogs, however, intestinal parasites are only occasionally life-threatening.
Mites are tiny spider-like creatures that can typically only be seen with a microscope, but sometimes they may be visible as tiny orange, black or white dots moving on your dog`s skin.
The most common food allergens in dogs are proteins, especially those from dairy, beef, chicken, chicken eggs, soy, or wheat gluten. Each time a pet eats food containing these substances, the antibodies react with the antigens, and symptoms occur. Virtually any food ingredient can produce an allergy, however.
Generally, it is recommended to bathe dogs every 2-3 months, or as needed if they become excessively dirty or develop skin issues. Bathing too frequently can strip their coat of natural oils and cause skin irritation.
Why Is My Dog Licking His Privates? While it may be awkward to talk about, when your dog is constantly biting his privates and chewing on his butt, it`s because he has an itchy groin and is uncomfortable.
It`s important never to give paracetamol to your dog unless your vet tells you to – it can be very dangerous if it`s given incorrectly.” Claire explains that you should always head to your vet for advice, including if your pup accidentally digests a painkiller.
Taking the temperature

Lift the tail and push it gently but firmly through the anus into the rectum. Until about an inch of the thermometer is inside if it`s a small dog, or two inches for a larger dog. Wait until the thermometer beeps or indicates that the temperature has been taken, then remove the thermometer.

Dog fevers can resolve on their own as their body naturally fights off the infection causing the fever. However, some infections can`t be fought off easily by the body and will need veterinary intervention.
You may notice your dog always feels warm, in most cases, you`re just feeling the fact that your dog has a higher normal body temperature than you do. That being said, dogs get fevers, and pet parents need to know when their dog is sick and when it`s time to visit the vet.
In some cases, your dog may have a low-grade fever after receiving a vaccine. This should resolve itself in 24 -48 hours but you`ll want to carefully monitor your pet to make sure the fever breaks.
If your dog`s ear is warmer than the rest of her body, and if it`s warmer than normal for her ears, then this is a good indicator that she has an ear infection. Check your dog for other signs of ear infection as well, especially if this is the only symptom you notice.
Nystatin and Triamcinolone contains antifungal and steroid drugs, prescribed for itching, inflammation, and pain.
Itchy skin is not usually a sign of anything serious. You can often treat it yourself and it will usually go away after a few weeks.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My dacshaund has been chewing on his butt and has a slight temperature . I got antibiotics from a vet, they worked but now it’s starting over.
ANSWER : A. Place an e-collar on him to prevent further chewing or licking. Have your dog rechecked by your vet. Have the anal glands expressed if necessary and checked for developing infection. If the diagnosis is anal gland issues, consider adding in additional fiber to the diet to aid defecation. The act of defecation is what normally expresses the glands.

Read Full Q/A … : Leerburg

Q. My cat is excessively scrstching herself., to the point she has sores. She is strictly an indoor cat. Did have flees been treated for 2 months
ANSWER : A. For every flea you see on your pet, there are 100 more in the environment. Get your pet on a good topical or oral flea control through your vet. In flea control, you get what you pay for. Consider asking your vet for a dose of Capstar. It helps get the problem under control by killing the fleas on the pet starting in five minutes but only lasts for 24 hours.

You need to treat your home environment. If you use a pest control service, tell them you are having a flea problem and they can adjust their treatment. Use a premise spray that also contains an IGR, insect growth regulator. This keeps eggs and larvae from maturing into adults and helps break the life cycle. Also, vacuum EVERY DAY, throwing out the bag or emptying the canister every time into an outside receptacle and spraying the contents with insecticide to kill the fleas you’ve vacuumed up.

Treat your yard too, since fleas are opportunistic and will hop a ride into your home on your pant leg without you knowing it. Concentrate on areas under bushes, in the shade. Fleas are less likely to be located in open sunny areas where it gets hot.

If chemicals are a problem, you can use borax. Sprinkle it into rugs, into corners and under furniture, use a broom to work it into the fibers and let it sit for hours, days even. It won’t hurt you or your pet to have it present. Then vacuum it up, reapply as needed. Food grade diatomaceous earth can be gotten from a health food store and worked into the rugs and corners in the same way as borax. These treatments aren’t as fast and effective as chemical insecticides but they can help.

You might want to consider boarding your pet for the day at your vet, to give you the opportunity to flea bomb your house without having to worry about your pet being exposed. They can bathe your pet and give a dose of Capstar while you treat your home.

Be patient, you may have to repeat these steps multiple times 10-14 days apart to help break the flea life cycle.

Skin problems can have a variety of causes, sometimes more than one. It is important to have the problem checked by your vet to determine if there is a medical cause for your pet’s skin issues and treat accordingly.

In pets of all ages, fleas, food allergies and exposure to chemical irritants such as cleaners and soaps can be a cause. Any one of these may not be enough to trigger the breakouts, depending on how sensitive your pet is, but a combination can be enough to start the itch-scratch cycle. Finding out the cause and eliminating it is the best course of action. With flea allergies, if your pet is sensitive enough, a single bite can cause them to break out scratch enough to tear their skin.

Check for fleas with a flea comb. Look for fleas and/or tiny black granules, like coarse black pepper. This is flea feces, consisting of digested, dried blood. You may find tiny white particles, like salt, which are the flea eggs. Applying a good topical monthly flea treatment and aggressively treating your house and yard will help break the flea life cycle.

If you use plastic bowls, this is a possible cause for hair loss, though this tends to be on the chin, where their skin touches the bowl while they eat. If you suspect this to be the culprit, try changing the bowls to glass, metal or ceramic.

Food allergies are often caused by sensitivity to a protein in the food. Hill’s Science Diet offers some non-prescription options for sensitive skin as well as prescription hypoallergenic foods for more severe cases. Royal Canin carries limited protein diets that may also offer some relief. Your vet can recommend a specific diet that will help.

If there is no relief or not enough, consider getting your pet checked by a veterinary dermatologist and having allergy testing done.

Q. What are the ways and/or steps to become a veterinarian?
ANSWER : A. Being a veterinarian is a rewarding career, but does involve a lot of schooling, experience and knowledge. Many people try out veterinary medicine through being a tech or assistant first, then continue on to veterinary school if they decide that is the path for them. If you are still in high school, the best way to start gaining experience is just by volunteering at your local animal shelter. Some clinics will also hire kennel technicians, a good starting job that gets you into a clinic and viewing procedures while working your way up. You can major in anything you want in college, however there are class prerequisites that must be met to apply for vet school. Majoring in a degree program such as biology, zoology or animal sciences often meets these requirements without having to take extra classes. Working summers as a tech or assistant, staying active in local animal groups and maintaining a high GPA will make you an ideal candidate. Once you are ready to apply for vet school you will need to take a GRE which is an exam graduate and medical schools use to determine how well you might do. Vet schools tend to look for applicants who are active in the community, have experience and have good grades. If considered, you will then have an interview to determine if you’re a good fit! Vet school itself requires four years, the first two focused on classroom and theory subjects such as anatomy, physiology and pathology. Your third year becomes more hands on with lots of labs and “shadowing” of vets in the school. Fourth year is usually entirely clinical rotations to give you a taste of all the things veterinary medicine offers!

Q. My cat has wheezy breathing, his third eyelid is almost half closed, lots of the time his eyes look tearfilled, phlegm in back of throut he coughs up
ANSWER : A. Wheezing, hacking, and eye tearing in cats is often the result of a viral upper respiratory infection. Symptoms may include sneezing, eye or nasal discharge, nasal congestion, eye squinting, lethargy, and inappetence. Common causative agents include herpesvirus and calicivirus. An exam with your veterinarian is recommended to make sure that his vital signs are normal, including a normal temperature. If he’ll let you check his temperature at home, you can. I suggest lubricating a thermometer and checking his temperature rectally. A normal body temperature for cats will range between 100.5 to 102.5. If his temperature is 103 or higher you should consider bringing him in to your vet. Additionally, if you see yellow/green discharge from the eyes or nose, increased frequency of sneezing, lethargy, loss of appetite, or open-mouth breathing I suggest bringing him to your vet right away. Viral infections, just like in people, can weaken the immune system allowing bacterial infections to occur, which requires veterinary prescribed antibiotics. If there are any other cats in the house, I recommend temporarily isolating them from your sick cat until his signs resolve. Minimizing environmental stress is also recommended for his recovery. If you have any other concerns or are interested in additional information I’m happy to follow-up with an online consultation.

Q. 8 year old Harrier mix recently started excessive licking in groin. now very red with hair loss. bitter cherry doesn’t prevent. no change in diet.
ANSWER : A. This is probably due to a severe allergy, although it could also be fleas or mites.

First of all, in order to rule out skin parasites, you will need to treat her with a high quality flea treatment (e.g. advocate or advantage), then get her to the vet to perform a skin scrape – this might revile an infection or a mite infestation.

If all of those came back negative, the next step is to treat the allergy symptomatically and try discovering the cause of the allergy.

Some medications can be given by the vet in order to stop the chewing and repair the skin lesions (steroids and antibiotics). simultaneously you should start her on a prescription hypoallergenic diet for at least 2 months.

There is also a nice topical spray available if the problem remains in the groin area, it’s called Cortavance and you can get it at the vets.

Hopefully you will see some results after all this, if not you and your vet should consider putting her on a long term allergy treatment (Atopica or Apoquel).

Read Full Q/A … : Spaying and Neutering

Q. Hi I am doing a research report on Vets. I was wondering on how you became a vet. What you did when you got into college and High school.
ANSWER : A. In the UK we study most subjects up to Gcse (age 16) then we go onto A levels. The best subjects to choose to get into vet school here are maths, chemistry and biology. You have to get top grades in them to be given a chance of getting into vet school. We then go onto a university that offers veterinary medicine which was only 6 in the whole of the UK when I did it. Work experience also helps with getting a place at the university. I did lots of work in my local vet practice and also 2 weeks at London zoo.

Read Full Q/A … : Lab Animal Vets c/o 2016

Q. How do I get my dog to stop chewing on things? I kennel her when I leave for a few hours, but I can’t go to the mailbox without her eating something.
ANSWER : A. If she’s young, then this is just normal puppy behavior. Don’t worry about it. The thing about puppies is, they explore using their mouths. If your puppy grabs a coat hanger, or a slipper, you should roll up a newspaper, and smack yourself on the head with it for leaving those things out.. your puppy is going to explore things, that’s normal! It is 100% up to YOU to keep those things away from your puppy when your puppy is unsupervised… even for just a moment.

Remember to never scold your puppy for grabbing these things. They are just curious little cuties, and they don’t chew things up to bother us.. Dogs do not have intentional thought, so they aren’t ever doing anything ON PURPOSE to us.. The most important thing you can do when your puppy is chewing something you don’t want her to be chewing is TRADE her the inappropriate item with a toy of hers, so she understands “no honey, that isn’t what puppies chew on… THIS is what puppies chew on!” and then begin playing with her using her toy to show her that TOYS ARE FUN.. Way more fun than a boring ol’ coat hanger.

Another helpful thing you can do is have two bags of toys. In each bag is many different kinds of toys. Lots of chew toys, lots of soft squeaky toys, lots of rope-type toys, a bunch of balls.. All kinds of things! For one week you have bag#1’s toys out for your puppy to play with.. At the end of the one week, you collect those toys, and you bring out bag#2! The toys will be more interesting/feel like new to your puppy, which will in-turn, make her chew less inappropriate things. Her toys are too fun to care about that dumb Wii-mote that you left laying around.

Hope this helps!

Q. My dogz have intense rash on skin and scratch themselves raw and bleeding have used hotspot sprays bug doesn’t work. Can I give them benadryl?
ANSWER : A. Benadryl may be used in canines, however, you should not give any medications to your pets without the advice of your veterinarian. Schedule an appointment with your vet. Rule out causes such as parasites (fleas or mites). Since the rash and resultant itching has broken the skin, there is risk for a skin infection and antibiotics may be indicated. Your vet can also prescribe a short course of steroids to break the itch cycle then can dispense or recommend an antihistamine, like Benadryl, to prevent the itchiness from returning. Some antihistamines work better than others in different dogs, so you will need to find the one that works best. A pet approved colloidal oatmeal bath can also soothe itchy, red skin. Consider adding an essential fatty acid supplement (usually a fish oil) to her diet to promote healthy skin. Place e-collars on them to prevent further trauma from licking or chewing.