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Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. The bladder stones should be submitted for analysis. This may determine the diet to feed to prevent recurrence. Whatever diet is ultimately chosen, an increase in water intake is recommended to keep the urine as dilute as possible and to keep the kidneys flushed.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

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Post-surgery, there is limited data to provide a clear path to prevention. General guidelines include feeding a nutrient profile with reduced vegetable protein and other plant-based ingredients, higher animal protein, feeding moist food versus dry, and feeding a food that supports an alkaline urine pH.
Full recovery can take 2-4 weeks; this includes healing as well as resolution of symptoms, such as straining to urinate. Your pet will need pain medication to control both the pain and inflammation for at least one week. Your pet may also require antibiotic medication, depending on previous testing.
Because eggs have a high protein content, don`t give them to dogs that suffer from kidney disease or IBS. Bladder stones. Dogs with a history of bladder stones shouldn`t have eggs because of their high calcium content, and should only eat a prescription diet.
Short, leashed walks are fine. Monitor appetite and attitude. If both do not steadily improve over the next 2-3 days, please call your veterinarian or return for progress evaluation and problem-solving. You can expect your pet to have urgency to urinate frequently and to have blood-tinged urine for 1-2 weeks.
Eating foods rich in protein is important for healing and repairing tissues. Protein also helps your body make new blood cells, which are necessary for wound healing. Good sources of protein include lean meats, poultry, fish, tofu, eggs, legumes, and nuts.
Don`t eat high-fat foods, fried and greasy foods, and fatty sauces and gravies for at least a week after surgery. Instead, choose fat-free or low-fat foods. Low-fat foods are those with no more than 3 grams of fat in a serving.
It is possible that your dog won`t eat after surgery. In addition to nausea, this is a common after-effect of the anesthetic. You might consider offering a half-size portion of a light meal such as chicken or rice. Your dog may find this easier to digest than their regular store-bought food.
A transurethral cystolitholapaxy is carried out under either a local anaesthetic or a general anaesthetic, so you shouldn`t feel any pain during the procedure. There`s a risk of developing an infection during the procedure, so you may be given antibiotics as a precaution.
The following treats are acceptable for oxalate stone forming dogs: plain cooked chicken. plain cooked turkey.
One of the most common uroliths in Dalmatians is composed of urate crystals. Urate bladder stones are most commonly the result of a genetic abnormality that causes a defect in the metabolism of uric acid. Other causes of urate bladder stones include liver diseases such as portosystemic shunts.
Your dog should urinate normally after surgery. However, if your dog is in pain, they may be reluctant to move around and posture to urinate. This can lead to accidents in the house.
Your dog should remain indoors overnight, going outside only for short leash walks as needed to urinate and defecate. For most procedures, your dog`s activity should be restricted for one week after surgery.
While it is best to eat a variety of foods to ensure you get all the nutrients you need for wound healing, some good choices include: Foods high in minerals: oysters, spinach, nuts such as cashews, legumes such as peanuts, dairy products, black beans and lentils, bananas, and fish.
Start with a soft diet that includes porridge, fish, oatmeal, mashed potato/sweet potato, softly cooked vegetables and fruits. Eat smaller meals. Avoid having large meals, as it may be difficult for your body to digest and may lead to bloating.
The American Urological Association also recognizes some foods as potentially having a calming effect on sensitive bladders. These foods include pears, bananas, green beans, squash, potatoes, lean proteins, whole grains, nuts, bread, and eggs.
Some pets may urinate less after surgery or may seem to be unable to control urination. This is usually temporary and may be a side effect of medication, anesthesia drugs, or difficulty assuming “the position” to urinate.
There are numerous reasons why your dog has a reduced appetite after undergoing surgery. This loss of appetite can be due to the side effects of medication, stress after the procedure, or complications or infection of the surgical site. Other causes of pain can be due to the following: Anesthesia.
Provide a range of food: Some dogs might be less hungry for regular meals. You could offer different types of food your dog may like, such as wet food, homemade food, or even small treats, to entice them to eat. Make food more appealing: Adding pet-friendly sauce to your dog`s food will make it more tempting.
Uric acid stones: another common stone

The high acid concentration of the urine makes it easier for uric acid stones to form. To prevent uric acid stones, cut down on high-purine foods such as red meat, organ meats, beer/alcoholic beverages, meat-based gravies, sardines, anchovies and shellfish.

The procedure takes 30-60 minutes depending on the size of the stones.
A stone that`s smaller than 4 mm (millimeters) may pass within one to two weeks. A stone that`s larger than 4 mm could take about two to three weeks to completely pass. Once the stone reaches the bladder, it typically passes within a few days, but may take longer, especially in an older man with a large prostate.
Diet plays a crucial role in preventing future bladder stone formation as well. To decrease the chances of your dog developing bladder stones, or having them return once dissolved, you should avoid feeding foods that contain high levels of oxalate such as spinach, sweet potatoes, organ meat and brown rice.
Foods that are known to aggravate UTIs include asparagus, spinach, raw carrots, tomatoes, and dairy products. If your dog is prone to UTIs. avoid giving her these foods.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. How much dry kitten food should my 16 week old kitten be eating?
ANSWER : A. It would actually be better to feed your kitten canned food, as dry food has a lot of carbohydrates. Cats are obligatory carnivores, and not carb-eaters. In order to give you an amount to feed for dry food I would need to know which food you are feeding as they are all different. I suggest you check on the cat food bag. If the bag does not give you an amount, I would not trust it to be a complete food. You should then get a food from a reputable company such as Hill’s Science diet, or similar. As for wet food feed three times daily around 2oz each time, best to feed the pate style food.

Q. My cat can only eat strained baby food consistency food. What do I add to strained meat to give her what she needs? She is a torti Persian 5 lbs
ANSWER : A. You should be offering her some wet cat food. Any brand is okay, but you could find a high quality food if you look hard. Cats prefer getting their water from their food, so it’s important to use wet food for a cat instead of just dry food. It’s okay to feed her white meat chicken, and things like that if you want, but you should definitely be feeding some sort of CAT FOOD.. and I bet wet food would be appealing to her considering it’s very moist, like baby food. You can even mash it up further, and look for a food that is really liquidy.

Q. My Dalmatian has just had surgery for bladder stones and I was wondering what food I should now be giving him. At the moment I’m feeding tins of lamb
ANSWER : A. The bladder stones should be submitted for analysis. This may determine the diet to feed to prevent recurrence. Whatever diet is ultimately chosen, an increase in water intake is recommended to keep the urine as dilute as possible and to keep the kidneys flushed.

Q. How much food should I feed my young adult cat?
ANSWER : A. It depends on the food. Look at the back of the bag of food and follow the feeding chart instructions. Make sure you’re feeding a high quality high protein food. Just because it’s a cheaper bag doesn’t mean you’re saving money. Cheaper foods mean you’re feeding more corn rather than meat to your pet. The cheaper quality the more your animal has to eat to obtain energy from the food. Meaning you’re buying more bags of food, whereas the more higher quality stuff will last you longer. Not to mention, you’ll have less poop to clean up! Investing in a higher quality food will keep your pet healthy longer. Ask a pet store associate to show you what foods are better for your cat.

Q. I want to feed a homemade meal for my dog. What are the basics I need to follow?
ANSWER : A. Feeding your pet a homemade meal can be tricky, however there are several steps to take. The first is to begin by examining the ingredients of meals similar to the one you’d like to feed them. Many commercial raw and fresh food diets will feature complete ingredient lists to give you an idea of the portions and types of foods used. Looking up recipes that others have made can also help you find what ingredients are common.

Foods require a balanced level of nutrition that is made up of proteins (your meat source and “slow” energy), carbohydrates (short-term energy and needed for brain health), and fats (for stored energy as well as flavor). Carbohydrates can be in grain form which is most common in commercial diets, or in non-grain sources such as potatoes, peas or sweet potatoes (more common now in “natural” or “holistic” diets). Proteins can come from plant sources, but are most commonly found in animals, and fats can be from many things.

When starting a homemade diet, it is always a good idea to add in an extra vitamin supplement to fill in any gaps or holes in the diet while you find the right balance for your dog. Working with your local veterinarian is also good as they can monitor your dog’s weight and overall health, and may also recommend bloodwork to check for any nutrient deficiencies.

While homemade diets are a nice alternative to commercial ones, they are not under the same standards as commercial diets. For a diet to be fed as a commercial product, it must have an AAFCO certification on it. This is usually listed as a statement on the packaging which mentions whom the food can be fed to (adults, seniors, all life stages, puppies, etc) and ensures that the food is nutritionally balanced. This means that your dog would be able to survive fully on eating only this food. While it may seem the food is balanced, it does not mean the food is healthier than others, and may still contain ingredients that dogs with sensitivities or allergies can have a reaction to.

Q. My pet eats too much. I need to know when and how much to feed him. Any advice?
ANSWER : A. If you feed your pet a commercial food, most food bags have a feeding guideline on the side to help you know how much to give. This is a good baseline and is usually based on your pet’s weight or age. Once you start with this amount, you can adjust the amount of food given as needed – if your pet seems to gobble his food and is losing weight or is more active, then increasing the amount is good. If your pet picks at his food or appears to be putting on the pounds, reducing the amount can help. The amount to give is usually best fed broken up into several smaller meals throughout the day rather than one big meal. For most adult animals, feeding once in the morning and once at night is enough. Smaller dogs or young animals may need a third meal mid-day as well. Switching out treats for healthier options may also help prevent overeating or weight gain. If you feel your pet cannot safely lose or gain weight on his own, then making an appointment with your vet can help!

Q. What is the best limited ingredient dog food for a dog with allergies? Can I buy it online or do I need to get it from a vet? Thanks
ANSWER : A. I’m going to recommend a dog food that is extremely expensive, but absolutely worth the price. It is a food that is fantastic for dogs with many allergies because it is essentially just air-dried raw meat, muscles, vitamins, and kelp. It is called Ziwipeak http://ziwipeak.com/ and it is the best dog food on the market! I feed it to my dog so I do not have to worry about getting raw-food portions right. If you’re worried about the price, there are so many other types of food out there you’ve probably never heard of. You do not have to get food through the vet in order to find the right food for your dog. Many grain-free foods are typically good for dogs with allergies, brands like Merrick, Taste of the Wild, Orijen, etc are great kibbles. It may be pricey, but it’s all about trial and error here unless your vet can tell you exactly what the allergy is and how to manage it.

Q. We just adopted a Lab puppy who seems to be hungry all the time. She is usually awake by 4:30 am. Wondering on when and how much to feed her?
ANSWER : A. It depends on the food you feed her. Read the back of the bag of food, whatever it says on the back under “amount for puppy”, decrease that by a very small amount. Often kibble bags encourage overeating to sell more product.

You should be feeding the puppy at three set times throughout the day. A nice and early breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Make sure you aren’t feeding too close to bedtime. Give the puppy an hour after eating before bed in case she has to eliminate outdoors again before bed.

I’m wondering if maybe she’s just waking up at 4:30am to be taken outside to eliminate. Puppies can typically only hold their bladders 1 hour per month of age, plus 1.. and that’s typically pushing it until after 6mo of age. Have you tried just bringing the puppy outdoors, and then luring her back into her crate with a high value treat? See if she’ll go back to sleep.