A. Yes, it can be genetic. The best way of treatment would be diet management. Depending what type of crystals she has (and if the crystals cause any problems) your vet will be able to prescribe a special diet for her
How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?
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For cats and dogs with crystalluria because of a urinary tract infection, antibiotics may be prescribed (with or without a urine culture). If stones have developed, surgery to remove the stones may be necessary. In some cases, a prescription diet may be prescribed to help dissolve the stones and crystals.
Quick tip: Alkaline Urine causes stones! Dry food diets consisting of carbohydrates, especially grains and potatoes, can contribute to high alkaline urine. Dogs are designed to eat a meat-based protein diet that causes more acidic urine.
In dogs, most struvite crystals are most commonly caused by urinary tract infection with urease-producing bacteria. Urease breaks down urea, which is common in urine, into ammonium and bicarbonate. Ammonium then joins with magnesium and phosphate in urine to create struvite crystals.
Shih Tzus are genetically predisposed to many different types of bladder stones; calcium oxalate, urate, struvite calcium phosphate, and silica crystals. These problems are diagnosed with fresh urine samples, and typically treated with medications and diet changes.
For crystals that may lead to stone formation or urinary obstruction, dissolving or eliminating them is a higher priority. Nutritional adjustments and convincing your pet to drink more water will often treat crystals effectively, but surgery is also an option in severe cases.
The most important step in uric acid stone treatment is drinking plenty of water to: Reduce the concentration of minerals in urine. Fluids dissolve the minerals, allowing them to leave your body through urine. Encourage you to pee often, which flushes away materials that may form stones.
Crystals alone are not usually dangerous when present in dog`s urine. However, if the crystals clump together and form sediment, this can lead to urinary blockage, which is dangerous.
Hard water is water with a high mineral content usually calcium and magnesium. Very hard water has been linked to urinary illness such as Crystalluria (crystal in urine) which may predispose your dog to stone formation and bladder and urinary tract infections.
An overabundance of minerals in your dog`s diet is the most common cause of pet kidney stones. Magnesium ammonium phosphate, calcium oxalate, uric acid, cysteine, calcium phosphate, and silica can all cause the buildup that leads to stone formation.
Pain, difficulties urinating, blood in urine, straining to urinate and urinating very small amounts but frequently are all common signs that your dog may be suffering from a bladder infection. Other indications of bladder infections or urinary tract infections (UTIs) include: Straining to urinate.
Also called uroliths or cystic calculi, bladder stones can range from small, sand-like grains to larger, gravel-sized stones. A pet can have several stones that range in size, but even just a single stone can cause pain and potentially be life-threatening.
Drink plenty of fluids
Drinking more fluids, especially water, may help prevent bladder stones because fluids dilute the concentration of minerals in your bladder. How much water you should drink depends on your age, size, health and level of activity. Ask your doctor what`s an appropriate amount of fluid for you.
Crystalluria caused by amoxicillin is very uncommon and may be asymptomatic or have severe renal implications. The authors describe the case of an 87-year-old female patient who presented with massive amoxicillin crystalluria due to poor hydration, low urinary pH and high intravenous amoxicillin dosage.
Foods that are known to aggravate UTIs include asparagus, spinach, raw carrots, tomatoes, and dairy products. Additionally, one of the largest determining factors in your dog`s ability to fight off UTIs will be their hydration levels.
Studies show that a diet based on dry pet food is not a primary cause of any of these problems. Actually, obesity and stress are the main factors that may increase the risk of the urinary tract diseases in pets. Healthy pets fed with dry pet food stay hydrated by drinking.
Boiled chicken is a healthy but also delicious food that is safe to feed your dog. It can be used as a treat or added to meals. Make sure that you don`t feed any chicken bones, skin, or additives when feeding your dog boiled chicken. Your dog will thank you for making them this yummy food!
Some crystals can pass through your urinary tract and out of your body on their own, while others may need to be removed from your body by a healthcare provider.
Breeds most commonly diagnosed with urate bladder stones include Dalmatians, English Bulldogs, and Black Russian Terriers. In these breeds, genetic testing should be performed prior to breeding to reduce the occurrence of this condition. Urate bladder stones are more common in male Dalmatians (97%) than females (3%).
Bottled water is safe to share with cats and dogs. Opt for spring water or bottled tap water varieties. Some veterinarians, including those at the Locust Valley Veterinary Clinic, are skeptical of the quality of distilled water for pets and its effects on urinary and cardiac health.
The stones form for a variety of reasons; often there is no one single cause. However, urinary tract infections, stress, high levels of certain substances in the diet, low water intake and situations where an animal is not given the opportunity to urinate at will, can all increase the chances of a problem arising.
Your urine contains many dissolved substances, including minerals. If you have too many minerals in your urine, certain minerals may clump together with other substances and form solid crystals. It`s normal to have a few small crystals in your urine.
The doctor uses a thin viewing tool, called a nephroscope, to locate and remove the kidney stone. The doctor inserts the tool directly into your kidney through a small cut made in your back. For larger kidney stones, the doctor also may use a laser to break the kidney stones into smaller pieces.
Dogs with UTIs generally attempt to urinate very frequently whenever they go outside. They also may strain to urinate, or cry out or whine when urinating if it is painful. Sometimes you might even see blood in their urine. Dripping urine, or frequent licking of the genitals, may also signal that a UTI is present.