Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. You should let him fully recover, ideally in dark, quiet environment and then take him to your vets. He may be epileptic which should be investigated and treated if necessary.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

The most common cause of dog seizures is known as idiopathic epilepsy, which is a disorder that is inherited, though the exact cause of it is unknown. Some of the other causes of canine seizures include kidney failure, liver disease, brain trauma, brain tumors, and toxins.
A seizure occurs when the cerebral cortex of the brain malfunctions, resulting in a loss of control over their body, they can be very subtle or they can cause violent convulsions. Seizures in dogs can occur once and never occur again, or they can occur repeatedly.
There are many causes of seizures. Idiopathic epilepsy, the most common cause of seizures in the dog, is an inherited disorder, but its exact cause is unknown. Other causes include liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumors, brain trauma, and toxins.
There are a variety of reasons why your dog might start having seizures later in life. It is a common symptom of a variety of medical conditions, from poisoning to kidney disease. The only way to discover the cause of your dog`s seizures is to consult with your vet.
Does my dog need medication? Currently, the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine recommends starting anti-seizure medication if there is/are: A mass or lesion in the brain or history of brain disease or injury. Seizures longer than five minutes or three or more seizures within a 24-hour-period.
Yes, seizures can cause permanent damage in dogs. Seizures can cause damage to the brain, leading to problems with memory, communication, and coordination. Seizures can also cause physical damage, such as tremors or loss of muscle control. In severe cases, seizures can even cause death.
Stress Factors That Can Trigger Seizures in Dogs. Just like you would for yourself, you should always help your dog to avoid stress, as stress can also be a trigger of seizures in dogs. Stress is actually the number one cause of seizures in humans, but less prevalent in dogs.
Background: Epilepsy in dogs is often difficult to medically control, resulting in premature death of dogs with epilepsy. However, the risks of premature death are not known. Hypothesis: Dogs with epilepsy have an increased risk of premature death as compared to a general population of dogs.
Reducing stress and limiting changes to your dog`s environment can help to prevent seizures, as stress is known to `trigger` seizures. Feeding your dog a healthy diet, keeping an eye on their blood sugar and getting them checked regularly by your daytime vet will also come in handy.
The majority of epileptic dogs have their first seizure between 1 and 5 years of age, and dogs in that age range are more likely to be diagnosed as idiopathic epileptics, although about one-third of dogs 1-5 years old will be diagnosed with a structural or metabolic cause.
However, dogs that do exhibit pre-seizure symptoms, says Dr. Trimble, “will have a dazed look and act nervous, restless, or anxious. This is called the `pre-ictal` phase.” They may also salivate, whine, or shake.
Food that causes seizures. According to the ASPCA, caffeine, dark chocolate, mushrooms, theobromine, ethanol, and xylitol can cause your dog`s seizures. Theobromine is what makes chocolate toxic to dogs.
Seizures typically last approximately one to two minutes, although prolonged seizures can occur and require treatment. Once the seizure has ended, the dog will have a prolonged post-ictal recovery period, lasting up to 24 hours depending on the individual dog.
The most common sign of a brain tumor in a dog is seizures. Any time a new onset of seizures is observed in a dog 5 years of age or older, a brain tumor must be considered as a possibility. Additional signs of a brain tumor may include: Abnormal behavior/mental activity.
Results were compared to those from healthy dogs of similar age and breed. Findings published in Veterinary Record1 showed that epileptic dogs had a lower trainability score, but demonstrated more dog-directed fear and aggression, more non-social fear, and more attachment/attention seeking behavior.
You may look awake, but have a variety of unusual behaviors. These may range from gagging, lip smacking, running, screaming, crying, or laughing. You may be tired or sleepy after the seizure. This is called the postictal period.
If left untreated, severe dehydration can be serious and cause fits (seizures), brain damage and death.
Conclusions: Seizure frequency and sleep score increased slightly, but significantly, in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy prescribed an increase in activity, compared with a control group.
Can any foods trigger seizures? There is currently no evidence that any type of food consistently triggers (sets off) seizures in people with epilepsy (except for rare types of `reflex epilepsy` where seizures are triggered by eating very specific foods).
Low blood sugar, ingestion of poisonous substances, and blood pressure issues are common causes as well. These causes can take time to reveal themselves – often during sleep. Smaller dogs are prone to seizures that happen due to blood sugar and blood pressure.
What are the long term impacts of a seizure? If your pet has had a prolonged fit or many convulsions within a short space of time, there is a higher chance that they could suffer brain damage. There is also a risk that body temperature will rise and cause damage to other organs if the seizure lasts a long time.
If no other cause can be found, the disease is called primary or idiopathic epilepsy. This problem is often an inherited condition, and Golden Retrievers are commonly afflicted. If your friend is prone to seizures, episodes will usually begin between six months and three years of age.
It`s important to not let a diagnosis of epilepsy rule your and your pet`s life. Your pet can be left alone. You can go to work or the store without your dog!

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My Golden Lab had a seizure about a month ago and not another one till today and then had 2 in 4 hours what should I do
ANSWER : A. You should let him fully recover, ideally in dark, quiet environment and then take him to your vets. He may be epileptic which should be investigated and treated if necessary.

Q. My dog was neutered 6 months ago, but he still humps pillows till full climax. Is this normal?
ANSWER : A. Humping behavior in dogs can be a non-sexual behaviorally related issue in addition to a sexual reproductive one. If your dog was neutered 6 months prior, it is likely that the hormones in his body have reduced already and are not the cause of his behavior. HOWEVER dogs that have previously been bred or had sexual activity prior to neutering may still exhibit interest in and sexual behavior toward in-heat females.

In most cases, the humping behavior is not sexually related and can actually be a sign of “dominance” in dogs. While this term is largely outdated in behavior, it is one that is done usually on one dog to another to show “hey I’m the boss, i wanna be in charge”. Dogs can sometimes take turns doing various similar behaviors during play, or one dog may want to take charge and only allow him or herself to do it. (Yes females can do this too!). If your dog is humping a pillow or toys, he may just be trying to tell his toys he’s the boss! If you feel uncomfortable with this behavior, then stopping him in the act and distracting him with a different game is best.

Q. My dog just started having seizures and it has been one after another today. Brought him to vet was given potassium bromide. Can I do anything else
ANSWER : A. Just for general knowledge, when a seizure start make the room darker – it might help stopping the seizure quicker. you should ask for your vet to give you diazepam rectal tubes (valium – given during long seizures in order to stop them).

Potassium bromide is one medication option, but there are a few more – the more common ones are Phenobarbital and Pexion.

Q. Is it okay to leave your dog alone on the house for over8 hrs? Will it harm him to not be able to go to the bathroom for that long?
ANSWER : A. It depends on the age of the dog. Most adult dogs need potty breaks after 6 hours. If it’s a puppy no it should not be left that long especially if it’s in a crate. No dog should be left in a crate for more than 6 hours. One month old puppy should only be in a crate for one hour. A two month two hours, ect ect until 6 hours which is the cut off for all ages.

Q. Why is my dog shaking and stiff ass if he is having a seizers
ANSWER : A. That may be exactly what is happening to him. Make sure he is in a safe place where he can’t hurt himself, away from furniture or anything that can fall on him. If he seems to be recovering, call your veterinarian and let them know what happened. Keep a close eye on him, if he has another seizure on the heels of this one, then he needs to be seen by your vet right away. Sustained or repeated seizures can cause the body temperature to rise to dangerous levels and increases the risk of brain damage.

When you have a chance, take a look around and see if you can find anything he might have gotten into, since poisoning is one of the causes of seizures. If he has a history of liver or kidney disease, this is also a potential cause. Sometimes we never know why a pet has a seizure. If he does have a series of seizures, your vet will want to do an exam and bloodwork to try and determine a cause and potentially put your pet on anti-seizure medication to lessen the chances of this happening again in the future.

Q. 6yr. old Chihuahua. At 4 she had 1) seisure. 2) in Dec.,’15 – 3) in 4 or 5 days. Maybe 2) min. Dur. Time. ? Pls. Help! $$ are a PROBLEM!!! Medicare $
ANSWER : A. There are many causes of seizures. At 6 years old she could have epilepsy, but other causes include toxin exposure, liver disease, low blood sugar (typically caused by pancreatic cancer), something taking up space inside the skull (like a brain tumor), or meningitis. Seizures can be costly to work up, as we typically start with blood work in order to look for some of the things I just mentioned, and hopefully rule out the really scary things (like brain tumors) before we get to the diagnosis of epilepsy.

If she has epilepsy it can be treated with anti-seizure medications quite successfully. Many dogs live very normal lives with epilepsy. Left untreated the seizures will likely get more and more frequent, and there’s a very real danger that she could have what’s called status epilepticus, which means the seizures can’t be stopped. I urge you to talk to some senior resources in your area – there are many organizations that help seniors with veterinary care. You can also call your local humane society, which may have some options for you in that department as well.

Read Full Q/A … : ufdc.uflib.ufl.edu

Q. I hv a 5 month old puppy, we hv had him for 1 week and 4 days,and his stool has been normal till about an hour ago, I seen like 2 drops of bright red
ANSWER : A. I wouldn’t be too concerned at this stage but it certainly needs monitoring. Thus can occur due to change in diet or worms, also puppies are always picking up things and eating things they shouldn’t some of which don’t agree with them. I would firstly ensure that he has been treated with a good quality worm treatment from your veterinarian as over the counter ones are not as effective. If the blood in the faeces continues for another couple of motions or the puppy is lethargic or vomiting then have him checked over by your vet

Q. Our cat of six years has on two separate occasions has defecated on the living room rug and recently pee’d on the skirt of the Christmas tree.
ANSWER : A. Inappropriate elimination in cats is often a behavioral problem rather than a medical problem, so the first step is to have him seen by your vet to eliminate any kind of illness or condition as a cause for his eliminating outside the box.

If medical issues are ruled out, take a look at other reasons. Has there been a lot of unusual activity? Has you cat been left at home or boarded? Is the litterbox in a busy area? Has anything happened recently in this area to make him reluctant to use it again? Is there another cat, pet or person that is preventing him from getting to the box? Have you changed it from a hooded to an open box, or vice versa? Is it big enough? Have you changed the type or brand of litter? Is there something attractive about the spot he uses? Cats dislike disturbances to their routine and may act out to express their dissatisfaction.

The general rule is one litter box per cat in the household, plus one. That way each cat can have a place of their own to go in case the box is occupied or another cat has claimed it as territory. They should be scooped daily, if not more often and changed completely weekly, washed with soap and water only. You can offer one kind of litter in one box and another kind in another to see if there is a preference. I don’t recommend the crystals, it makes a hissing sound when wet that startles some cats and make them reluctant to use it again. The litter boxes should be located in a quiet, low-traffic area so that the cat can use them in peace. Make sure any other pets or people aren’t giving them a hard time around or in the litter box. It may take some investigation and experimentation to find your cat’s preference and accommodate him so that everyone is satisfied with the situation. And, when cleaning up pet accidents, don’t use any cleaner containing ammonia. This leaves behind a scent similar to urine.