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Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Unfortunately it sounds like a terminal disease. Palliative treatment with pain relief and anti-inflammatory meds can help him to stay comfortable.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

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Treatment Options For Cancer in Dogs

They will talk you through the various options, depending on the type of cancer your dog has. “Options may include surgical treatment, combination therapy of surgery and chemotherapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy alone, and immunotherapy,” says Dr. Brown.

Lymphoma or lymphosarcoma is a type of cancer that afflicts Golden Retrievers more than other breeds. This disease makes the body form abnormal lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell. Because white blood cells can be found throughout the body, this cancer can show up almost anywhere.
Treating Bone Cancer in Dogs

Due to the aggressive nature of osteosarcomas tumors, the most common treatment is amputation of the affected limb followed by chemotherapy to treat metastasis. Radiation treatment can be effective for providing pain relief if surgery is not an option.

Without therapy average survival time is approximately two months. This is primarily determined by the discomfort associated with the primary tumour. If amputation is performed the average survival time is increased to six and a half months with 2% of patients alive after two years.
It depends on how aggressive or advanced the particular cancer is. By the time it`s detected, some dogs will live weeks to months, while others will live for years. Lymphoma patients, for instance, can live several years.
End stages or final stages of cancer in dogs occur once the cancer has infiltrated organs to the point that they are unable to maintain normal body functions or reasonable quality of life.
Symptoms And Signs Of Cancer In Dogs

Lumps and bumps underneath a dog`s skin. Abnormal odors emanating from the mouth, ears, or any other part of the body. Abnormal discharge from the eyes, mouth, ears, or rectum. Abdominal swelling.

Untreated, the average survival time from diagnosis is about two months.
The median age at diagnosis is ~8 years, with a small peak of incidence in young animals (younger than 3 years). Still when the effect of body mass is taken into account, the overall risk for any dog to develop primary osteosarcoma is not magnified with increasing age.
If your dog`s activity is limited due to bone cancer, make sure you spend a good amount of time by their side, comforting and cuddling them. Your dog can`t chase you to be close to their favorite person so you need to go to them. Cuddle often and for long periods of time.
This form of bone cancer will commonly spread throughout the dog`s body, causing a number of serious health issues and can quickly become fatal. That said, there is good news. If the disease is diagnosed early, life-saving surgery may be possible to remove the cancerous limb and save your dog`s life.
Dr. London noted that golden retrievers typically develop four types of cancer — hemangiosarcoma, osterosarcoma, lymphoma and mast cell tumors — and that the risk for cancer begins to rise when the dogs are six years old. The risk peaks at ages 10 to 12.
Sadly, it is estimated that more than half of all golden retrievers will die of cancer.
On average, the Golden Retriever life expectancy is 10 to 12 years according to American Kennel Club (AKC). There is a decline noticed in their life span with passing time as the average Golden Retriever lifespan in the 1970s was 16 to 17 years which has been now reduced to 10 to 12 years.
Golden Retrievers have a high chance of getting cancer. About 60% of golden retrievers die because of cancer. In the 1970`s, their lifespan was between 16 and 17 years old, and now they live until 9 or 10 years old. We recommend taking your Golden to the vet at least twice a year to make sure everything is ok.
Cancer is a painful disease, and it can make your beloved companion downright miserable. If you have any reason to think your dog is in pain, seek veterinary care right away. Even if cancer isn`t causing their pain, we can provide solutions to help keep them comfortable.
Extreme fatigue: Your normally active dog or cat may seem depressed and take no interest in exercise or play. It`s also common for a pet with cancer to sleep several more hours per day than usual.
Lack of interest in exercise and play, or a decrease in stamina. This can be your dog slowing down from old age, but it can also be one of the first signs of illness. Mobility issues like limping or stiffness. Although this can indicate arthritis, it can also be caused by nerve, muscle, or bone cancer.
There are many symptoms your dog will display if they have cancer. Among common symptoms are loss of appetite and weight loss, lethargy and difficulty exercising, pale gums, panting, and a distended belly.
Basically the founding dogs of the golden retriever breed happened to have genes that increased their risk for cancer. Since all golden retrievers come from these founders and no new genes are being added to the gene pool, the cancer causing genes are recycled over and over in the population.
Age is not a disease, and your dog is never “too old” to receive the quality care he or she needs, even if it requires anesthesia and surgery.
Pain. Pain in the area of the tumor is the most common sign of bone cancer. At first, the pain might not be there all the time. It may get worse at night or when the bone is used, such as when walking for a tumor in a leg bone.
Biopsy. The most definitive way of diagnosing bone cancer is to take a sample of affected bone and send it to a laboratory for testing. This is known as a biopsy. A biopsy can determine exactly what type of bone cancer you have and what grade it is.
“Pain is a rather substantial sign of cancer,” says Zaidel. If your dog whines or cries out when you pat her tummy or pick him up, call your vet. Mouth tumors may cause noticeable discomfort when eating.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My Golden Retriever is 13 to 15 years of age. He has been recently diagnosed with bone cancer. It is in his hip. What would you suggest the next step
ANSWER : A. Unfortunately it sounds like a terminal disease. Palliative treatment with pain relief and anti-inflammatory meds can help him to stay comfortable.

Q. Does an indoor cat need to be vaccinated every year?
ANSWER : A. In practice, I recommend a feline combo vaccine every year, but will generally start administering every 3 years once they have had their kitten vaccines and 2 additional yearly vaccines. Rabies, is required yearly by law, and if kept up to date can be good for up to three years also. Based on the age of your cat I would give a yearly feline combo and rabies, and then boost the combo again next year.

Q. Cancerous tumor in her toe needs to be amputated will she live
ANSWER : A. Of course the type of cancer is very important to help evaluate survival time, and progression of disease. I would be happy to consult with you in more detail. If your veterinarian is proceeding with amputation, I would assume that no metastatic disease has been observed. ( cancer that has spread to other organs such as the lungs or liver). In many cases amputation can be curative, but again, it depends on the type and stage of your dogs cancer. Dogs recover amazingly well from digit, and even whole limb amputations, so that would be the least of my concern. Post amputation management such as chemotherapy would be my next consideration, and again would be based on diagnosis, stage, and metastatic progression.

Q. Hi my dog breast is swollen what i do
ANSWER : A. If your pet is not spayed or was spayed after 1-2 years of age there is a chance that this swelling could be mammary cancer. Mammary cancer in pets is common and the chances of cancer are decreased an the risk of getting cancer is only 0.5% if spayed before the 1st heat cycle, 8% if spayed before the 2nd heat cycle, 26% if spayed by the 3rd heat cycle. After the 3rd heat cycle spaying a pet will not decreased chances of mammary cancer.
I would highly advise that you take your pet tot he vet to have this area examined. Typically mammary cancer lumps are firm and can be on multiple breasts.
Without seeing the lump myself, another possibility here is a lipoma (soft fatty tumor) or an abscess.

Q. Dog six months has stop eating and drinking all together for five days now. Vet says not to worry. She ribs are starting to show what could be wrong?
ANSWER : A. I would be worried. Not eating or drinking… Step one is to figure out why, step two is change in food to encourage weight gain. I would recommend a good physical exam by a veterinarian, and some abdominal radiographs to rule out an obstruction. Given that it has now been 6 days, I would recommend hospitalized supportive care. IV fluids, plasma if available, and antibiotics if indicated. In regards to nutrition, high calorie food such as Hills a/d will help, but once recovered I would simply put on a high quality puppy food such as Acana, Orijen, lotus, honest kitchen etc. Human grade ingredients with less additives. Best of luck. If you would like to consult and discuss in further detail, I would be happy to help.

Q. My 13 year old Shih-Tzu has just been diagnosed with bone cancer in his left front leg. There is a knot at the joint. What happens now?
ANSWER : A. Treatment depends greatly on how the cancer is progressing and what you’d like to do for quality of life. If the cancer has not spread, some vets may recommend amputation of the leg to prevent further spread and prolong a healthier life. Your vet may also recommend monitoring with X-rays and bloodwork to watch for spread of the cancer to other areas. In some cases, chemotherapy may also be recommended to stop spread or treat it. Speaking with your vet about your dog’s individual needs and issues is best in determining the course of action you’d like to take.

Q. My cat of 15 years male was diagnose with hyperthyroidism started coughing tonight for about 10 minutes an then stopped.
ANSWER : A. If your cat is vomiting there could be several underlying causes. I guess the first thing I would want to check is the thyroid level, since I have definitely seen cats that were at one point “controlled” on a specific dose of medication no longer be controlled, and the dosage has to be adjusted. This is why we always recommend rechecking thyroid levels yearly, even in hyperthyroid cats that are clinically doing well.

If the thyroid levels have recently been checked and are stable, then I’d start looking for other causes, such as GI disease. Other possibilities include kidney disease, which can definitely cause vomiting and typically goes along with hyperthyroidism (as well as just being a geriatric cat). Always a good idea to check liver values as well, as liver disease is a common problem in older cats too.

So since your cat is hyperthyroid the first step to diagnosing causes of vomiting is running full blood work – complete blood count, chemistry panel, and urinalysis – to look for some of the things I mentioned above. If nothing turns up, imaging with x-rays or ultrasound or both will likely provide a lot more information. Good luck.

Q. I have a 13 1/2 year old Shih Tzu. How old is he in dog years?
ANSWER : A. It’s used to be that dog years were 7 years to every 1. Now it normally around 5 years to every year as long as your dog is healthy and kept up with vaccines. So he’s about 68ish in dog years.

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