Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. While this was unfortunate, there is probably no damage done. Make sure to keep the dog inside and warm. Examine the skin on the extremities (toes, tail, nose and ears) for any signs of frostbite or damage from the cold. Look for discoloration or pain when touched. Monitor him for any signs of illness over the next few days (lethargy, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, etc). I would expect the little dog will be fine, but some extra TLC and observation over the next few days should catch any problems.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Dogs can get frostbite or hypothermia when cold weather temperatures go below 40°F. When you take your doxie for their walk, make sure to always dress them in a warm winter coat, protect their paws, and keep your walks brief, 10-15 minutes max. If it is just too cold outside, stay home.
Dachshunds are typically not suited to living outside or in a kennel but are instead indoor dogs. Since they are prone to back problems they should not jump on and off furniture as it increases their chance of injury.
Your healthy, adult Dachshund needs a daily walk that is at least 30-60 long or a distance of 2-5 miles. Ideally, you can walk your Dachshund every day. One walk a day is usually fine but you may want to consider walking your high-energy dog twice a day.
Physical affection solidifies the bond between your Dachshund and you. If you give him plenty of massages, attention, grooming sessions, fills his bowl every morning, and takes him for a walk every morning, he will most likely seek you out more compared to other people.
As a general rule of thumb: at 45°F (7°C) and below, most dogs will dogs will start to become uncomfortable. at 32°F (0°C) and below, small, thin-coated, young, old and sick dogs should not be left outside for long. at 20°F (-7°C) and below, dogs become vulnerable to hypothermia and frostbite.
Because of their small stature and thin hair, they`re more prone to getting cold, damp, and uncomfortable than many other breeds of dog, and can usually benefit from weather protection, winter gear, and sweaters.
They are very entertaining dogs due to their playful nature, so there`s certainly never a dull moment with a Dachshund around! They don`t do well on their own and prefer to have someone around all day who they can play with.
Don`t Let Your Dachshund Jump On and Off Furniture

As much as Dachshunds love to jump on and off furniture, it should be avoided as much as possible. It can take some time to train them not to do it, but with some patience and some treats (kept to a minimum to keep their weight under control), it can be achieved.

The truth is though, Dachshunds are one of the worst breeds for being off leash. Dachshunds are a hound dog bred for hunting, so their instinct is to follow their nose rather than listen to your commands. Not only is it annoying when your Dachshund doesn`t come when called, it`s dangerous.
As a surprise to many dachshund parents, doxies ranked #92 out of 138 of the smartest dog breeds. Dachshunds were part of the “average intelligence” dog breeds group.
Never lift a dachshund just from their chest, hold a dachshund vertically, or let a dachshund`s rear legs dangle below their chest. Aim to keep their back as flat and straight as possible. And when putting them down, make sure all four feet are on the floor before letting go.
Belly-up for Rubs. A Dachshund on its back, displaying its belly, is a vulnerable Dachshund. If your Dachshund often rolls over for belly rubs, they`re showing they trust and love you. It`s their way of seeking affection and bonding time, a sweet moment that says, “I feel safe and loved with you.”
Do Dogs Get Cold at Night? It is possible for dogs to get cold at night, even if they`re kept indoors. “If you think your dog is getting cold at night, consider giving him a cozy blanket to snuggle up to in bed. Most dogs will not feel cold at night or will seek out a warmer place if they do,” says Satchu.
A pet that gets too cold, or has prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, could develop hypothermia. This is a condition that occurs when a dog`s body temperature falls below normal. The muscles stiffen, breathing and heart rate slows. Hypothermia can kill your dog.
Miniature Dachshunds are brilliant and easy to train, making them great pets for first-time dog owners. They are affectionate and loyal and form strong bonds with their owners. They are ideal for people with limited space, as they do not need much exercise.
Separation Anxiety Can Cause Your Dog to Not Leave Your Side

Some dogs even try to prevent you from leaving. Dogs with separation anxiety will sometimes start barking, pacing or exhibiting other distressing behaviors after a short time after being left alone.

Your Dachshund should not have to “hold it” for more than 4 hours at a time, at any age. That`s right! Even as an adult Dachshund, they will need to be let outside every 4 hours to maintain good potty training skills.
Any dog will need your love and attention, and dachshunds—while they may be small—require plenty of human companionship and stimulation. If you bring one home, make time for bonding, walks, and play.
Dachshunds generally pair well with smaller dogs rather than bigger ones. Breeds with docile temperaments like Maltese, Pug, and Terriers can be match best for a Dachshund.
Dachshunds need affection and attention every day. Make time out of your busy schedule to just sit down and cuddle with your Dachshund. Hold them, talk to them, and of course litter them with kisses. They are only here on earth for a short time, make each moment count.
Dachshunds that fully rely on their human companions for attention can get really bored when they aren`t around. Identifying the Signs Your Dachshund is Bored is the first step. We can help figure out how to keep them happy and occupied from there.
Most furniture is taller than 12 inches and some beds can be upwards of 30 inches high. It`s probably a bad idea for any Dachshund to jump off something over 30 inches tall. A dog ramp can help your Dachshund off furniture without jumping.
The belief that Dachshunds should never use stairs because it will cause a back injury (disk rupture) is common and pervasive. But recent studies are challenging that belief and may even indicate regularly using stairs is beneficial to support the spine (for healthy Dachshunds over 3 years of age).
Licking is a natural and instinctive behaviour to dogs. For them it`s a way of grooming, bonding, and expressing themselves. Your dog may lick you to say they love you, to get your attention, to help soothe themselves if they`re stressed, to show empathy or because you taste good to them!

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My mini dachshund, 9lbs, got away from my brother who was letting him out while out of town. He was in 27 degree weather for over 2-3 hours.
ANSWER : A. While this was unfortunate, there is probably no damage done. Make sure to keep the dog inside and warm. Examine the skin on the extremities (toes, tail, nose and ears) for any signs of frostbite or damage from the cold. Look for discoloration or pain when touched. Monitor him for any signs of illness over the next few days (lethargy, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, etc). I would expect the little dog will be fine, but some extra TLC and observation over the next few days should catch any problems.

Q. I recently moved. My dog was close to my husband. He seems fine but sometimes he seems sad. I work part-time. My husband used to be home. Any tips?
ANSWER : A. Separation Anxiety and sadness when away from a close family member is very common in dogs. They may become depressed or destructive when left alone. However, providing some things to help your dog feel better can help during the times when you are away from home.

A treat or puzzle toy such as a Kong stuffed with yummy treats or even a portion of the day’s food can keep your dog occupied while you are away. Freezing the food in summer, or adding in treats that are only given when you are away can add to the challenge and help make the toy something special to look forward to.

Turning on a television or radio to a channel such as talk radio can also help by providing sounds that are familiar to your dog and may provide comfort while you are away. Many TV providers also now have “dog and cat” channels with programming designed just for pets that are home alone! Adding in a blanket or article of clothing that smells like you can also help to soothe your pet while you are away, making him feel more comfortable.

Q. Dog throwing up white mucus with white bits
ANSWER : A. If he has only vomited once or twice, I recommend withholding food for 12-24 hours. This will give the gut a chance to rest. Let her have water, ice cubes to lick if she seems to want to gulp the water. After 12-24 hours, give her a tiny amount of her regular food, and wait for 30 minutes. If she eats it and it stays down, repeat the small amount. If all continues to go well, keep feeding her very small amounts until she has had her normal ration. If, however, she does not want to eat, continues to vomit, develops a fever and/or lethargy, get her in to see your vet or to an emergency clinic right away.

If he has been vomiting multiple times over several hours, he should be seen by a vet as soon as possible. Continued vomiting is very concerning and can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance as well as low blood sugar. He might have eaten something that either disagreed with him or something that has gotten stuck somewhere in his gastrointestinal tract. He could be sore from a hidden injury you are unaware of, he could have been exposed to some sort of toxin or irritant in his environment or this could be early signs of another condition or disease process.

Q. We have a mini dachshund & would like to start him on a meat based diet. Can someone suggest a good, affordable food? He is 13 weeks old. Thank you
ANSWER : A. Have you heard of Ziwipeak. Google it. It’s this fantastic air-dried raw-food diet that is balanced for you so you don’t have to worry balancing a strictly raw meat diet all by yourself (which can be challenging for beginners). I feed my Dachshund mix Ziwipeak and she does incredibly well on it. I’ve never her so healthy before in my life. It is an incredible food.

It is rather expensive, however, considering you feed less of this food than of the average kibble diet, and considering your pup is a mini Dachshund, you most likely won’t be spending too much feeding him.

Q. Is it okay to leave your dog alone on the house for over8 hrs? Will it harm him to not be able to go to the bathroom for that long?
ANSWER : A. It depends on the age of the dog. Most adult dogs need potty breaks after 6 hours. If it’s a puppy no it should not be left that long especially if it’s in a crate. No dog should be left in a crate for more than 6 hours. One month old puppy should only be in a crate for one hour. A two month two hours, ect ect until 6 hours which is the cut off for all ages.

Q. My puppy has a hard time staying by herself, she cries and chews her crate. How can I make her more comfortable being alone?
ANSWER : A. Crate training is an extremely slow process, so you should be taking baby steps:

First, lure her into the crate with high value treats and close the crate door, then toss several treats inside the crate. During this process do not make eye contact, speak to, or hand-feed her. Toss in more treats and stand up. Then, toss in some more treats and take one step away. Return to the crate, toss more and take a few steps away. Return, toss treats, take 5 steps away. Return, toss treats, take 3 steps away. The key is to randomly change up the length of time you are gone, slowly adding and subtracting seconds. Slowly work your way out of sight. Then, quickly return, and walk out of sight but stay out of sight a few seconds. Return, toss treats, walk out of sight a few more seconds, etc. Take it slowly.

Finally, when you let her out ignore her, don’t make a big deal of it.

Read Full Q/A … : If Your Dog Hates His Crate

Q. Dog licked some hair bleach on my head (frosting my hair) and swallowed it, I immediately cleaned out his mouth and gave him water. Anything else????!
ANSWER : A. Keep an eye on him for signs of stomach upset, vomiting diarrhea and his tongue for signs of blistering and feed him an extra meal to help absorb and move anything through. With what small amount he got and your quick action (good job!) I suspect he’ll be okay. If he does start getting sick, get him in to your vet or emergency clinic right away.

The Kansas State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital offers a FREE 24-hour poison control hotline for pet and animal guardians as well as veterinarians. The vet teaching hospital asks for your patience when you call, as the person answering the phone may need to take a few minutes to consult with the vet on duty.

Pets they can help with: All pets

Phone: 1-785-532-5679

Hotline hours: 24-hours a day, FREE to call

ASPCA PET POISONING FREE APP available for Android and iPhone.

Q. Hi, If I were to get a puppy, and attend school and not have someone home for 6-8 hours a day four days a week, and have the puppy in an exercise pen
ANSWER : A. Puppies need to be let out frequently since they don’t have the bowel or bladder control that an older dog possesses. A pup should only be crated 1 hour for each month of age plus an additional hour. Consider having a friend, family member or pet sitter let the pup out several times daily or do not get one until you can devote the proper amount of time to it.