to this?

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A. addison disease can lead to heart issues. See your vet to check it if you suspect heart disease development.

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Secondary Addison`s disease can also develop if a dog has been treated with long- term steroids for any reason and the medication is abruptly stopped. This last condition is known as iatrogenic hypoadrenocorticism and is generally temporary.
People take steroids for various conditions, as they help manage inflammation. However, long-term use can disrupt hormone production in the adrenal glands and increase the risk of Addison`s disease. Glucocorticoids — such as cortisone, hydrocortisone, prednisone, and dexamethasone — act like cortisol.
Overview. Hypoadrenocorticism is an uncommon disease in dogs, and it is caused by a deficiency of essential hormones that are made by the adrenal glands. Also known as Addison`s disease, the clinical signs may appear as vague signs of illness that come and go.
Most synthetic glucocorticoids, including prednisone and methylprednisolone, cross-react with the cortisol assay, which can cause falsely increased results. Dexamethasone and triamcinolone do not. Thus, if a steroid is given just prior to the test, dexamethasone is recommended.
Addison`s Disease, also known as Hypoadrenocorticism, is an endocrine (hormonal) disorder that occurs most commonly in young to middle-aged female dogs, although male dogs can also develop Addison`s disease.
Long-term use of fludrocortisone can weaken the bones of adults and elderly people. This can raise the risk of having bone fractures. This medication can also slow the growth in infants as well as children. This is more likely to happen if the medication is used for a long period of time.
Long-term corticosteroid use may be associated with more serious sequel, including osteoporosis, aseptic joint necrosis, adrenal insufficiency, gastrointestinal, hepatic, and ophthalmologic effects, hyperlipidemia, growth suppression, and possible congenital malformations.
Poodles are a breed that have a tendency to develop Addison`s Disease, which is a disease that affects the adrenal glands. It is passed through a recessive gene, which means the carrier of the disease is not affected by it but her offspring may develop it.
Addison`s disease (also referred to as primary hypoadrenocorticism) is an immune-mediated disease in dogs and humans in which the body attacks the outer layer of the adrenal glands. This leads to a deficiency in key hormones (cortisol and aldosterone) which regulate responses to stress and water/electrolyte balance.
One of the biggest clinical signs of Addison`s disease is stress. Both pet owners and their dogs produce cortisol to help regulate and quell stress, so what happens when the body can`t produce cortisol? It can exacerbate all the other symptoms of Addison`s.
In a dog with Addison`s disease, the adrenal glands don`t produce enough hormones to maintain normal stress levels. Without our corticosteroid hormones to help us adapt to stressful situations, even the tiniest of stressors can cause serious issues and in severe cases, death.
Causes of Hair Loss Related to Endocrine Dysfunction in Dogs

Hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, Cushing`s disease, and Addison`s disease are the most common endocrine dysfunction disorders that cause hair loss in dogs.

If your dog requires more than three to four months of corticosteroid usage, the condition should be re-evaluated or other treatment options should be pursued. Dogs on long-term corticosteroids should be monitored with quarterly examinations and with urine cultures and blood tests every six months.
For instance, muscle weakness and seizures are listed. So, if your dog is prescribed prednisone, watch them carefully for any signs of side effects, including weak and shaking hind legs.
Addison disease can still potentially be a deadly condition, especially in youngsters. It may cause acute adrenal failure, infection, and sudden death. Otherwise, with proper medications, the life expectancy in Addison disease is normal and excellent.
Initially, monthly blood work will evaluate the salt balance in the body. Small adjustments to the medication will be made if the salts (electrolytes) are out of balance. A well-rounded approach to treating the Addison`s patient will include diet changes and consistent exercise and can include herbs or nutraceuticals.
Fludrocortisone is used for long-term treatment. It comes with risks if you don`t take it as prescribed. If you change your dose or stop taking this drug suddenly: Stopping this medication suddenly can cause a disruption in your body`s hormones.
Fludrocortisone may slow or stop growth in children or growing adolescents when used for a long time. The natural production of corticosteroids by the body may also be decreased by the use of this medicine.
1. There is no “safe” dose of prednisone. Prednisone over time increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and infection. It can worsen underlying diabetes and HTN.
Prednisone and other steroids can cause a spike in blood sugar by making the liver resistant to insulin. The pancreas produces insulin to control blood sugar levels. Diabetes can result from a fault in how the body reacts to insulin or a problem with insulin production in the pancreas.
How long to take it for. This depends on your health problem or condition. You may only need a short course of prednisolone for up to 1 week. You may need to take it for longer, even for many years or the rest of your life.
Addison`s disease is sometimes called “The Great Pretender” because it mimics conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, liver disease and acute kidney failure. The disease destroys the adrenal cortex, or outer layer of adrenal glands, and subsequently the body`s ability to produce these key hormones.
Addison`s disease afflicts more female dogs than male dogs, with between 64% and 70% of reported cases being female. The average age at presentation is 4 years although there is a wide reported age range (4 months to 14 years).
The canine whipworm, Trichuris vulpis, is a nasty parasite that lives in the large intestine. The symptoms of a whipworm infection can be very similar to Addison`s disease and include weight loss, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My Mini Poodle Male Age 12 has had Addison’s Disease for 3 years — taking Florinef and Prednisone. Is respiratory or heat disease related to this?
ANSWER : A. addison disease can lead to heart issues. See your vet to check it if you suspect heart disease development.

Q. My dog has Addison’s Disease and is panting alot, is this normal?
ANSWER : A. I don’t typically associate panting with Addison’s disease. I do see panting (it’s a primary symptom) of the disease that’s the opposite of Addison’s disease, which is Cushing’s disease. Cushing’s disease involves having an overactive adrenal gland, as opposed to a non-active or under active adrenal gland. Panting can also happen with steroid administration. If you’ve upped the dose of prednisone that your dog normally takes to combat holiday stress that may be the cause of the panting.

Panting can be a sign of stress, so evaluate the environment and see if there’s something that could have your dog agitated – fireworks, small children visiting, etc. This is especially important with an addisonian dog, as I’m sure you know.

Other causes of panting could include primary respiratory problems or heart disease, since low oxygen states can trigger panting. Definitely mention this to your vet (a phone call isn’t a bad idea) for this reason, just to see if he’ like to examine your dog to make sure everything’s OK>

Q. Does an indoor cat need to be vaccinated every year?
ANSWER : A. In practice, I recommend a feline combo vaccine every year, but will generally start administering every 3 years once they have had their kitten vaccines and 2 additional yearly vaccines. Rabies, is required yearly by law, and if kept up to date can be good for up to three years also. Based on the age of your cat I would give a yearly feline combo and rabies, and then boost the combo again next year.

Q. My 9 year old lab has tested positive for heart worms. A feed store owner told me I could use Noromectin (ivermectin) to get rid of them? Is it safe?
ANSWER : A. The feed store owner is taking about the “slow kill” method for adult heartworms. This method is the considered an alternate method that has the following disadvantages over the normal immiticide treatment:
1) Takes years (often-times up to 2-4 years) to completely rid heartworms vs immiticide treatment which takes at most 3 months
2) Slowly kills baby worms only in the bloodstream, does not kill adult worms in the heart. Immiticide kills the adult worms that are in the heart directly which is why it is so effective.
3) Higher risk of thromboembolism (clots in the lung artery) than Immiticide treatment.
4) Adult worms will stay in the heart for years and can impede blood flow.
So that is the gist of doing the slow kill method for baby heartworms instead of the fast kill method with Immiticide for adult heartworms. Which is why most veterinarians will recommend the fast kill method as the best choice for your pets care.

Q. My unfixed grown male dog is slobbering and trying to mount my new male puppy. What’s that about?
ANSWER : A. Mounting behavior can be both a sexual thing in dogs, or a behavioral one. If both dogs are male, it may be that your older dog is trying to establish that he is the boss of the house by trying to mount your younger one. Stopping the behavior is best to prevent any fights from breaking out. Both female and male dogs can do this to each other, and spay/neuter status does not usually play any factor if behaviorally related.

If your younger dog is female, or not spayed, and is about 6-7 months of age, it may be that she is coming into her first heat and your male is very interested in her. Dogs should not be bred during their first heat, and if you do not wish to have puppies in the future, one or both dogs should be fixed.

Q. I’ve been told my dog (11) may have liver disease and she’s had a seizure. What’s this mean for her future.
ANSWER : A. Well to be honest it really depends on the type of liver disease she has. If the liver disease and seizure are related then this sounds like a disease called Hepatic Encephalopathy, which is where the liver has a defect (i.e. cirrhosis, fibrosis or live shunt) that is not enabling the liver to filter the blood properly. Sometimes this can be managed with medications and/or surgery if there is a liver shunt. Discuss with your vet what medications are indicated for your particular pets liver disease, but a product called SAMe (Denamarin) is recommended for any liver insult.
The prognosis for liver disease really varies and depends on which of the underlying diseases I listed above is present in your pet.

Q. My puppy has a hard time staying by herself, she cries and chews her crate. How can I make her more comfortable being alone?
ANSWER : A. Crate training is an extremely slow process, so you should be taking baby steps:

First, lure her into the crate with high value treats and close the crate door, then toss several treats inside the crate. During this process do not make eye contact, speak to, or hand-feed her. Toss in more treats and stand up. Then, toss in some more treats and take one step away. Return to the crate, toss more and take a few steps away. Return, toss treats, take 5 steps away. Return, toss treats, take 3 steps away. The key is to randomly change up the length of time you are gone, slowly adding and subtracting seconds. Slowly work your way out of sight. Then, quickly return, and walk out of sight but stay out of sight a few seconds. Return, toss treats, walk out of sight a few more seconds, etc. Take it slowly.

Finally, when you let her out ignore her, don’t make a big deal of it.

Read Full Q/A … : If Your Dog Hates His Crate

Q. My 10 years female Shih Tzu is drinking much more water than normally but she doesn’t urinate more? Should I be concerned?
ANSWER : A. It would be a good idea to have her examined by a veterinarian to have a senior work up. Your vet can run bloodwork to screen for diseases that commonly occur as dogs age. Kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, and Cushing’s disease are examles of diseases that are common in older dogs and cause an increase in drinkng and urinating. It is always a good idea to have senior blood work done so that your veterinarian has a baseline to compare in the future, espcially since your dog seems to be drinking more than normal. Your vet can also look at a urine specifica gravity to evaluate the concentration the the urine.