A. It is not likely that either one of these puppies has diabetes. It is very uncommon for a puppy that young to have diabetes. If your puppy is straining to urinate or is urinating very small amounts frequently and cannot seem to wait for very long between urination, he may have a urinary tract infection. It is quite possible that your puppy is completely normal. I would suggest an exam with your veterinarian and discuss the behavior with them. They may suggest a urinalysis. Your puppy should be going to the vet at 3 week intervals for vaccinations at this age, so you can discuss it when he has his next set of vaccines. The other person with the other puppy should also be taking hers to a vet for proper immunizations and she should also discuss her concerns with her vet.
How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?
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Puppy diabetes symptoms are similar to those of older dogs. However, diabetes in puppies is not very common. If you suspect that your puppy may have diabetes, it is important to take them to the vet and have them tested, multiple times.
When the blood glucose reaches a certain level, the glucose overflows into the urine (this is called glucosuria) and draws large volumes of water with it. This is why diabetic pets often drink more water and urinate more frequently and in larger amounts.
The most common signs of diabetes in dogs are: Increased Urination/Thirst: When your dog has high blood sugar, his kidneys are forced to work overtime to get rid of the excess glucose through his urine. This means your dog will urinate and drink a lot more than usual.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect dogs and cats and other animals (including apes, pigs, and horses) as well as humans. Although diabetes can`t be cured, it can be managed very successfully. Diabetes mellitus, or “sugar diabetes,” is the type of diabetes seen most often in dogs.
Canine diabetes can be found in 1 out of every 200 dogs. It`s usually hereditary and must be diagnosed and controlled because it is life-threatening.
Dog diabetes, or `canine diabetes`, is caused by either a lack of insulin in your dog`s body or, in some cases, an `inadequate` biological response to it. When your dog eats, the food is broken down. One of the components of their food, glucose, is carried to their cells by insulin.
Restricting the amount of water your diabetic pet has access can lead to life threatening consequences. Your dog`s body is trying to combat the high blood glucose level by expelling the excess sugar out of its body through the urine. Once your dog is regulated, this will subside.
It`s true that a dog can pass away within a month or two of beginning to show signs of diabetes, but many will live for a year or two after diagnosis with appropriate treatment. Some do very well for even longer, particularly if they have a dedicated pet parent who can continue to provide the care they need.
A Visit to Your Veterinarian
Your veterinarian will first test your dog for the presence of glucose and ketones in the urine. If indicated, the next step is to measure your dog`s blood glucose concentration. The diagnosis only becomes definite when glucose is found both in the urine and at a high level in the blood.
“If diabetes goes untreated, the dog can go into diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), where you see vomiting, lethargy and a poor appetite. At this point, it`s an emergency situation that requires hospitalization.” (Other DKA dog diabetes symptoms include panting and weakness.)
The Influence Of Diet On Diabetes In Dogs. Diet doesn`t directly cause Type 1 diabetes, but it does cause many other risk factors: obesity, inflammation, pancreatitis, metabolic syndrome and autoimmune disease.
Checking the blood glucose levels at home is easy and can provide more accurate results than when the pet arrives at the veterinary hospital. Many pets become stressed when visiting the hospital, which can temporarily elevate the blood glucose and give an inaccurate reflection of the diabetes.
“This can happen quickly and is seen within one to two months after development of diabetes.” So if your dog is showing any symptoms, it`s important to schedule a dog diabetes test with your vet right away. But diabetes doesn`t have to hold your pup back.
Walk the Dog
Regular exercise will also help your pooch lose weight and lower blood sugar levels. It`s best to have your dog exercise for the same length of time and at the same intensity every day. An unusually long or vigorous workout could cause blood sugar levels to drop too low.
A diabetic dog`s life expectancy will depend on various factors, such as breed, age, general health, weight and lifestyle. In general, dogs with diabetes can live (uncomfortably) anywhere from two months to two years if not given insulin.
Unfortunately diabetes is not curable in dogs, and the vast majority of diabetic dogs require insulin injections for life once diagnosed. However, addressing underlying causes, as well as spaying females and treating Cushing`s disease, can allow the diabetes to be more easily and successfully controlled.
Metabolic issues: Dogs can also develop longer-term health problems if regularly fed sugar. These include weight gain, obesity, high blood sugar, diabetes, and heart disease.
The clinical signs may vary, are often non-specific, and can wax and wane. Clinical signs may include altered mentation and behavior, seizures, syncope, muscle twitching/fasciculations, somnolence, exercise intolerance, muscle tremors, collapse, ataxia, weakness, and impaired vision.
A diabetic pet needs to eat before you administer insulin. For best results, inject insulin within one hour after feeding to prevent blood sugar spikes. Many pet owners like to administer insulin while their pet eats to take advantage of that distraction, but, if you do that, ensure your pet eats all her food.
Called `polyuria and polydipsia` (PUPD), they frequently appear in combination. In general, increased production of urine is the primary cause, and dogs drink more to make up for the water being excreted. Hormone imbalance from endocrine disease and kidney failure are the most common reasons for polyuria.
Severe hypoglycemia resulting from too much insulin can cause seizures, irreversible brain damage, and death. Warning signs include nervousness, hyperexcitability, anxiety, vocalization, muscle tremors, lack of coordination, wobbliness (the dog may appear drunk), and pupil dilation.
If you miss a dose, contact your veterinarian for advice on when to give the next dose. If you cannot reach your veterinarian and your pet is acting normally and is eating, skip the missed dose and give the usual dose at the next soonest regularly scheduled time.
How Much Water Should Dogs Drink. Most dogs should drink about 1 ounce of water for every pound that they weigh, every day. That means a 10-pound dog needs about two-thirds of a 16oz bottle of water daily. Really active pups or dogs who are pregnant or recently had puppies often need more water per pound of weight.