A. This may be inflammation of the tear duct which may be blocked or conjunctivitis. He may require the ducts to be flushed or medicated drops by your vet if this does not improve, you can try flushing with plain nasal saline drops which might clean and flush them
How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?
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Buphthalmia is the condition of bulging eyes in rabbits that is enlarged due to glaucoma. The more common exophthalmos designates a condition of an abnormal bulging of the eyes due to the eyeball getting pushed out of the socket from a tumor, abscess or pressure behind it.
Conjunctivitis is also called “pink eye.” Just as in humans, “pink eye” causes the bunny`s eye to turn pink or red. There are actually many reasons for conjunctivitis in your rabbit. Infections caused by Pasteurella multocida, Staphylococcus, and Treponema cuniculi are all common culprits.
Bacterial infections, including Treponema cuniculi (or rabbit syphilis), which can cause swollen eyelids. Conjunctivitis, a common disorder causing red eye that can result from allergies, bacterial or viral irritants; sometimes occurring as a side-effect of a respiratory tract infection.
Eye infections are a common problem in pet rabbits and often develop because of an underlying problem such as dental disease or an injury to the eye. Eye infections are often easy to spot because they cause red, painful, weepy eyes.
Conjunctivitis. Your rabbits` eyes can be vulnerable to bacterial infections. Common infections include conjunctivitis – also called `pink eye` – where the eyes look red and sore with fluid around the rim. For this, your vet will prescribe antibiotic cream or drops.
Healthy rabbit eyes are clear and bright. If you pull up or down on the eyelid, the eye tissue should be pink, not red or very pale. Red, inﬂamed eye tissue and/or discharge from the eyes could be a sign of infection. Very pale tissue can also be a sign of illness.
Cherry eye can occur from trauma to the eye, damage from a foreign body in the eye, or from a tumor, but the most common cause is an anatomical abnormality ligament that is supposed to hold the nictitans gland in place.
Your rabbit may be blind or partially sighted if they regularly bump into things or if they`re easily startled by sounds or approaching objects. They may also make slow, cautious movements and become nervous in new places. Many visually impaired rabbits tend to stay close to the wall when exploring.
Findings associated with glaucoma in rabbits include elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal edema, loss of vision, optic nerve head cupping, and progressive buphthalmia.
`Dacryocystitis` is inflammation of these ducts, a condition that usually leads to them becoming blocked and/or infected. Dacryocystitis can be caused by: Dental disease – this is by far the most common cause of dacryocystitis in rabbits because their tear ducts sit so close to their teeth.
What are the signs of blindness? The rabbit`s eye/s may appear cloudy or hazy, red, swollen or discharging. Some eye conditions can be painful, so the rabbit may be scratching the eyes making them sore.
A small amount of local anaesthetic is placed into your rabbit`s eye. A small catheter is then placed into the tear duct and saline is flushed through until the duct blockage is cleared. In most cases this procedure is well tolerated by the rabbit and can be performed without sedation.
Can you use eye drops on rabbits? You should never use human eye drops on a rabbit`s eyes. These can cause stinging, irritation, and potential damage to your rabbit eye and cornea. If your rabbit does require their eyes to be flushed (consult a veterinarian first), you can use special pet eye drops instead.
When your rabbits are happy, you might notice them do a little `binky`. This is when they hop in the air, twist a little bit, then land back on the ground. Nose twitching. Happy and content rabbits will be constantly wiggling and twitching their noses, whether they`re bouncing about or relaxing.
We often get asked, “Why do some rabbits have red eyes?” Well, the reason is really cool – their eyes actually have NO color at all! Their iris is clear, like a window, which allows us to see into their eye, and the red color is created by the blood vessels in the back!
You Notice Changes in Your Rabbit`s Gait or Posture
Abnormalities or changes in their gait, agility, or general posture should raise a red flag. Stumbling or staggering may be coupled with head tilt (or “wry neck”) where a rabbit will hold their head cocked to one side.
An untreated “cherry eye” will have decreased tear production and possibly incomplete closure of the eye. This can cause eye infections and dry eye. The dry eye can be severe enough to cause a lot of pain, pigmentation of the eye and blindness. The treatment for a prolapsed nictitans gland is often surgical.
The cherry eye (prolapsed third eyelid gland) should never be surgically removed because it predisposes the animal to a dry eye condition that will need chronic medications and/or surgery. Cherry eye is best treated in the early stages.
Foraquick solution, application of a small amount of Terramycin ophthalmic ointment to the surface of the cornea (do not let the applicator tip touch the eye) twice a day for seven days is a very effective treatment.
It is important that you understand all the requirements for caring for a rabbit before you buy one. Rabbits generally live for 5 to 8 years depending on their environment and breed, but they can live for as long as 12 years. If you decide to purchase a rabbit, make sure you are prepared to care for them that long.
A cataract appears as a slightly hazy to white opacity within the pupil of the eye. This is caused by a change in the nature of the lens of the eye. The lens can often appear `crystallized` on close inspection. As they progress cataracts cause a loss of vision, which may be gradual or sudden in onset.
Hazy or blurred vision: Distorted or blurry vision accompanied by other symptoms. Eye pain: Severe pain around your eyes & head. Eye redness: Red eyes caused by increased eye pressure. Colored halos around lights: Colored bright circles forming around light sources.