Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. You should see a vet to check what is it. dermatological diseases often look similar so careful examination is necessary to make a diagnosis. It can be parasite, infection, seborrhoe, evan a general problem.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Scabs can occur for many reasons, including mites and fleas, skin infections, and injury. If you notice a scab on your dog, look for other skin issues that may be causing pain, inflammation, or irritation. If a minor injury caused your dog`s scab, a vet might suggest applying topical creams and covering the area.
Smooth black lesions on a dog`s skin are often caused by hyperpigmentation, a harmless darkening of the skin that can occur after chronic inflammation. Raised scabs can occur for various reasons, including parasites, allergies and infections.
Hyperpigmentation is a darkening and thickening of the skin seen in dogs. It is not a specific disease but a reaction of a dog`s body to certain conditions. Hyperpigmentation appears as light-brown-to-black, velvety, rough areas of thickened, often hairless skin.
It`s not just regular dirt—it`s actual flea feces, a mix of blood meal and flea waste. Finding these little black specks on your pet`s skin means you must get your pet on flea medication as soon as possible to get rid of this pesky problem.
To heal scabs fast on a dog, clean the area with warm water and mild soap. Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment, then cover with a sterile bandage. Avoid letting your dog lick the scab. Monitor for signs of infection, and consult your veterinarian if the scab doesn`t heal within a week.
Flea Bite Dermatitis

Flea symptoms include round, red bumps on the skin, hot spots, scabs, and hair loss. In some cases, you may be able to see fleas on your pet`s coat. Flea “dirt” is another telltale sign of an infestation. The dirt, which looks like black or brown flecks in the fur, are flea feces.

Fungal Infections

You may not notice it in the early stages as it can look like flea dirt. But if you`re googling “brown spots on dogs belly looks like dirt,” suspect a yeast infection. Yeast infections often start as little black, brown, or reddish-brown specs on the belly, genitals, or under the armpits.

In dogs, blackheads are associated with an imbalance of grease production (seborrhea), or the demodex mite, which likes to sit in hair follicles, or the hormonal condition, Cushing`s disease.
“Flea dirt,” as flea droppings are commonly called, looks like flecks of pepper scattered over the infested area of your dog`s body. These specks are actually dried blood, and if you place them on a damp paper towel they will turn from black to brown and then to red as the blood rehydrates.
If your dog is getting scabs often without explanation, talk to your veterinarian about possible allergies. Skin allergies and food allergies can cause dry, itchy skin and scabs. Avoid wiping off crusty scabs. Soften them with water or coconut oil and allow them to flake off on their own time.
On some dogs you can observe the very earliest signs of yeast when it manifests as little black or brownish specs on the underbelly, around the genitals, or where the legs join the body. These often go unnoticed, being mistaken for dirt, flea specks or simply part of the ageing process.
Ear mites are tiny mites, barely visible to the human eye, that live on the surface of ear canal skin in dogs and cats. An infestation produces tiny black specks, similar to coffee grounds.
KEY TAKEAWAYS: Look for other signs of skin problems besides scabs, such as redness or inflammation. Scabs on dogs can be caused by allergies, bacterial infections, external parasites, fungal infections, hormonal imbalances, immune disorders, nutritional issues, and yeast infections.
You may notice a very fine rash or just the itching at first. Over time the skin becomes very red, there is hair loss and flaking skin. Areas where hair is thinner (ears, elbows, ankles, belly) tend to be the most severely affected. However, some dogs may have a different pattern or no symptoms at all.
Flea dirt is not really dirt at all. It is actually feces from fleas that gets left on dogs once they are present. The appearance looks like small black flecks, very similar to freshly ground pepper.
Flea dirt is actually the feces of adult fleas, and it is reddish-black in color because it is made up of animal (or human) blood that isn`t fully digested. If you see flea dirt but no fleas on your dog or cat buddies living in your home, you may wonder what to do.
Crusty scabs that appear on dogs are sometimes referred to as hotspots, and they are certainly a type of crusty scab or skin lesion on canines—but not the only kind. Hotspots are usually localized areas of red, inflamed, and infected skin. They can be extremely itchy for most dogs, but some dogs won`t itch at all.
As the damaged tissue regenerates, it pushes out the scab, replacing it with new skin. Typically, a scab is dark red or brown. As the scab ages, it becomes darker and may even turn black. A black scab typically does not mean anything more than the healing process is maturing.
All of our canine buddies have two sacs on either side of the anus called anal glands. These glands, when working properly, secrete a brownish, oily dog discharge with a powerful odor. Anal glands need to expel fluid regularly, either when your dog poops or when you manually express them.
Another sign that makes us suspicious that demodex mites are present are areas of blackheads or comedones on the skin.
Black specks on your dog or in your dog`s bed may be “flea dirt” – the fecal matter from adult fleas. There are two easy ways to check for black specks: Run a flea comb over your dog, making sure the comb reaches the skin through the coat. If black specks are on the comb when you pull it off, they might be flea dirt.
If you`re unsure whether your dog has a tick or a scab, part your dog`s fur and look closely; scabs are usually flat against the skin, but ticks stick out, especially as they grow in size.
Flea dirt is typically a bit larger than eggs, dark, and dry, resembling black pepper flakes. If you put a few specks of suspected flea dirt on a white paper towel, add a few drops of water, and see a reddish color, then you can confirm that it`s indeed flea poop.
If your dog`s wound has healed and is not infected, you can put some antiseptic ointment on it and cover it with vaseline to keep the scab from drying out. However, only do this if your dog cannot reach the scab and lick it off.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. My standard Poodle has dark specks and scabbing on the bare part of underbelly.
ANSWER : A. You should see a vet to check what is it. dermatological diseases often look similar so careful examination is necessary to make a diagnosis. It can be parasite, infection, seborrhoe, evan a general problem.

Q. I have two 3 week old kittens that I am bottle feeding. The kittens both have diareaa and there buts are red. Is there anything I can do ?
ANSWER : A. Diarrhea in kittens can be caused by many things, including intestinal parasites (very common in kittens), wrong formula, recent changes in diet (from queen’s milk to formula or from one formula to another), and other gastrointestinal upsets. Their bottoms are likely red and irritated from the diarrhea soiling the fur and skin, trapping moisture against the skin and serving as a breeding ground for bacteria. First, stop feeding the formula. Second, collect a fecal sample to be analyzed by your veterinarian for intestinal parasites. Third, call your vet and make an appointment as soon as possible, ideally the same day. Diarrhea in kittens is serious business and can lead to death from dehydration and loss of nutrients. Finally, in place of formula give an electrolyte replacement solution (like Pedialyte for infants/children) – plain, no flavors, no colors – for at least the next 1-2 feedings. This is not the same as a sports drink. After the 1st or 2nd feeding of straight electrolyte replacement solution, start to add formula back into diet at 1/4 strength ( 1 part formula to 3 parts water), The following feeding mix 2 parts formula to 2 parts water. Then, 3 parts formula to 1 part water. Finally, offer full-strength formula. If the diarrhea continues or worsens with increasing amounts of formula, go back to just electrolyte solution and repeat the process.

Q. How do I know if my pet has heartworms? What is the treatment?
ANSWER : A. Heartworms are a concern in certain parts of the world, such as the USA and warmer parts of Canada, South America, Australia, Southern Europe, Japan, South East Asia and the Middle East. They are transmitted by mosquitoes sucking blood from an infected host and then passing the developed larvae onto a new host through a mosquito bite.

The mature heartworms can be up to 1ft long and can live for 5-7 years in dogs and 2-3 in cats. They live in the heart, lungs and associated blood vessels. The heartworms can cause lung disease, heart failure and even lead to death. Even after having removed the worms, the pet can still be left with damage to these areas.

Symptoms of heartworm infestation include coughing, weight loss, decrease in appetite and lethargy. In severe cases you may also notice pale gums, dark urine and laboured breathing, due to sudden blockages of blood flow produced by large numbers of worms.

Prevention is much better than the cure, and if you live in an area where heartworm is prevalent you should treat monthly year round. If you are unsure if it is a problem in your area, I suggest you ask your local vet. Also, your vet will be able to advise you about the most effective treatments available to you.

Treatment depends on the level of infestation and the veterinarian’s preferences. The pet will need to be stabilized before treatment can begin and exercise should be kept to an absolute minimum. In severe cases, surgical removal of the worms may be required.

Q. My dog has a split nail, what should I do?
ANSWER : A. Split or torn nails are very common in dogs, and treatment depends on the level of the tear. If the nail is split above the quik (blood supply to the nail) then it can be safely trimmed back and the torn part removed. You can find the quik in a dog’s nails by looking for a red or pink line in light colored nails, or a darker groove on the underside of dark colored nails.

If the tear is behind the quik or the nail is bleeding, stopping the bleeding with styptic powder or starches such as corn or rice starch can help. It is then best to bring your dog into your local vet to have the nail safely trimmed back. This may require anesthesia or sedation depending on the size of the tear to make the experience less painful for your dog. Your vet may also recommend antibiotics if the tear is large to prevent infection from taking hold until the nail can heal.

Once the torn part of the nail is removed, the nail should be able to begin growing back as normal. Regular nail trims to keep nails short and in shape can also help to prevent tears and splits in the future.

Q. My kitten has a lump and what looks like a scab. She’s a inside kitten due her second injections the 7th of December.
ANSWER : A. If there is any pain or discomfort or if the scab is immediately overlying the lump I recommend you get her seen by your vet before the 7th December. It may be an infection which would require treatment and antibiotics. You could try bathing the scab with saline if the it is entirely unrelated to the lump and monitor for any change in size or pain

Q. One ear keeps scabbing over she then scatches her ear and the scab falls off, bleeds and then a scab forms.vet said not cancer any suggestions
ANSWER : A. How did your vet know this wasn’t cancer? Was a biopsy performed? I’m asking because what you’re describing sounds like possibly an immune mediated disease that cats get called eosinophilic plaques. It can attack pretty much anywhere, but it’s common to see on the head and ears.

Talk to your vet about performing a biopsy and getting a definite diagnosis. It should be pretty easy to do with a local anesthetic, and then a pathologist can tell you what this is. If it is eosinophilic plaques, then the treatment is usually immunosuppression with drugs like Atopica, but you need to know for sure before trying any treatment.

Q. We just got a chow chow. Her gums are dark. Is this normal?
ANSWER : A. Yes, part of the breed standard is that the tongue is blue and this often extends to the gums as well.

Q. Very small appetite dark stool and very tired. She’s 7 and is a black lab. She held down small salmon but it’s the first food since Wednesday. Help?
ANSWER : A. If your dog is lethargic and passing dark feaces, not eating , she needs to be checked soon. Dark, tarry, feaces are normally due to the presence of digested blood in the feaces and it’ s a symptom that should never be ignored.