a pond?

Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Yes the changes in environment can do this; make sure they are receiving plenty of fiber/hay etc and your vets office may have digestive supplements to rebalance their gut as long as there is no fever, weakness or weight loss in which case they would need to be seen

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Most adult horses that develop diarrhea—with no other symptoms—will be back to normal in a day or two. In more severe cases, your horse may need intravenous (IV) fluids, electrolytes anti-inflammatories, and antibiotics.
Horses can develop diarrhea for a number of different reasons. The most common causes of diarrhea are linked to dietary management, bacterial infection, toxins, or viruses. Diarrhea can also be a symptom of several different diseases and disorders, some of which are discussed below.
Severe heat stress may cause diarrhea, or even colic. Following these 10 tips and using common sense will help keep you and your horse safe and comfortable during the hot days ahead. Dr.
When a horse is stressed, they may produce more manure than usual in a short period of time and may also experience diarrhea. Horse diarrhea can also be caused by a poor diet, which is a common cause of stress in horses.
These loose watery stools can be caused by a variety of conditions, some of which can be serious. Diarrhea can be an acute condition, meaning it will only last for a few days, or it can be a more chronic condition, which lasts much longer. Both acute and chronic diarrhea can be life threatening to a horse.
Dehydration. Intestinal inflammation can lead to increased water secretion, and reduce water reabsorption by the colon. This will result in diarrhea, and an increased volume of water lost in feces by the horse.
In the most basic terms, diarrhea occurs when an imbalance of mineral ions occurs and changes the balance of water inside the GI tract. This can be caused by a number of problems, including a bacterial or viral infection, electrolyte imbalance, disruption to the hindgut, malabsorption issues, or ingestion of a toxin.
Horses experiencing or recovering from diarrhea often benefit from probiotic supplementation to supply the gut with beneficial bacteria. Providing exogenous sources of beneficial microbes can support fibre fermentation, immune function, VFA production, and help reduce intestinal inflammation.
The rise in temps causes our blood flow to pivot in order to regulate our body temps. The GI system is impacted more in these cases. Thus, you may experience GI flare-ups that may cause more stomach pain and diarrhea than normal.
How Long Does Stress Diarrhea Last? Most episodes of diarrhea are harmless and should last less than two days2. Stress-induced diarrhea typically goes away once the stressful event has passed. If you have severe or persistent diarrhea, visit a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying medical conditions.
Diarrhea from stress doesn`t last more than a few days. It usually goes away once the stress is gone. Sometimes, diarrhea can be a symptom of a more serious medical condition.
Still, researchers generally agree that telltale signs of stress in a horse`s face include flared nostrils, widely opened eyes with whites showing, a tightened mouth (which is harder to see when the horse has a bit in his mouth), and high head carriage.
The challenges you are facing are unusual considering we often hear of horses that develop loose manure from alfalfa and not vice versa. Consider the quality of the grass hay you were feeding. Mature, poor-quality hay can sometimes cause digestive irritation and potentially contribute to diarrhea.
A horse can very quickly become dehydrated when it has diarrhea, and dehydration can cause colic, a potentially life-threatening abdominal condition. The underlying cause of your horse`s diarrhea may be a serious health problem that can be difficult for you to identify on your own.
1. Frequent Feedings & High-Quality Forage. Offering plenty of free-choice access to hay or pasture grass is the first place to start improving digestion. A slow and steady supply of high-quality forage neutralizes the continual production of acid in a horse`s stomach and satisfies its natural need to graze.
Healthy manure should have a glossy shine, indicating normal hydration, and forms neat, somewhat firm, balls. You should be able to break up the manure balls easily. If your horse`s manure is dull, dry or hard, he may be dehydrated, and you will need to increase his fluid intake immediately.
Electrolyte deficiencies are associated with fatigue, muscle weakness, lethargy and reduced feed and water intakes, resulting in weight loss and dehydration. In addition, electrolyte deficient horses may experience reduced sweating, which can result in hyperthermia (over-heating) and compromised performance.
“Clinical signs of IBD in the horse include weight loss, colic, lethargy, and dependent edema, often associated with enteric protein loss and malabsorption of nutrients, including glucose,” described the researchers. Medical management of these cases routinely involves corticosteroid treatment and dietary management.
However, deworming your horse can cause stress and a shift in the microbiome of the gut population. Often, this can result in digestive upset in the form of diarrhea, going off feed or mild colic.
But just like anything, too many electrolytes can be unhealthy: Too much sodium, formally referred to as hypernatremia, can cause dizziness, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Examples of commonly fed probiotics include Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Enterococcus as well as the yeast Saccharomyces. Further, supplementing horses with the substrate, or “food,” that nourishes the probiotic organisms—otherwise known as prebiotic supplements—also makes sense.
He added that due to low temperatures, the body`s metabolic process could also slow down a little causing sluggish bowel movements. “Other factors like cold toilet seats also may account for people to postpone bowel evacuations,” he noted.
Key Takeaway: Heat stroke can cause diarrhea due to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and the body`s stress response. Rehydrate with fluids, take medication with food if possible, and monitor electrolytes for better management of heatstroke-related diarrhea.
The gut tends to get the most affected due to the change of seasons, so issues like heartburn, acidity, abdominal pain, etc., are common around this time of the year. That is why it is important to understand seasonal patterns and fluctuations and how they can affect gut health and the digestive system.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Our horses have had diaheria since adopting them a week ago on and off? Could this be from change in environment? Also change of water from a pond?
ANSWER : A. Yes the changes in environment can do this; make sure they are receiving plenty of fiber/hay etc and your vets office may have digestive supplements to rebalance their gut as long as there is no fever, weakness or weight loss in which case they would need to be seen

Read Full Q/A … : Strategic Deworming Q&A

Q. My dog drinks a lot of water, should I worry?
ANSWER : A. Firstly, you should quantify if your dog is actually drinking an excessive amount of water. In a 24 hour period, a dog should drink about 1 fluid ounce (or 30mL) per pound of body weight. Therefore, the recommended amount of water intake (in fluid ounces) equals your dog’s weight (in pounds). For example, if your dog weighs 8 pounds, he/she should drink about a cup of water in a 1 hour period. This will be slightly increased if your dog gets a lot of physical activity or lives outdoors.

You can measure your dog’s water intake the following way: in the morning, measure a specific amount, a little bit more than you think he/she will drink. 24 hours later, measure the remaining amount. If the amount of water your dog drank is significantly greater than it should be, then you should take your dog to a veterinarian.

Causes for mildly increased water consumption include: food changes, increased ambient and body temperature, increased activity, urinary tract infection, and general illness.

Common causes for greatly increased water consumption include: diabetes, urinary tract infection, kidney disease, steroid use, and other systemic diseases. With large increases in water consumption, you will also usually see increased urination. Please take note of urinary patterns to discuss with your vet. Greatly increased drinking and urination is ALWAYS a reason to see a vet.

Q. My dog ran away 3 days ago , he came back later and immediately threw up all his food. He hasn’t eaten and is still throwing up since then.
ANSWER : A. I’m really glad to hear your dog came back! If you dog is vomiting I would recommend having him examined by a veterinarian because his vomiting could be caused by a gastrointestinal disturbance. He could have eaten something that upset his stomach, including an intestinal parasite or he could have even consumed something toxic. It would helpful for a veterinarian to evaluate for any injuries he could have sustained while being out of the home and for any abnormalities that could be causing his sickness. Stress could also be playing a role in his stomach upset since he was out of the home for several days.

Q. Russian blue mix cat – usually velvet soft coat but hair on back hind qtrs. is thinning, remaining hair seems less velvety than normal
ANSWER : A. Changes in coat appearance can be caused by a number of things. In older cats, hair loss or changes in coat and skin confirmation may indicate a metabolic issue such as thyroid problems. Cats can begin to lose hair and may also show other changes such as weight changes or appetite changes. Blood work is usually done to check for this, and most pets do very well with a daily medication treatment.

Hair loss can also be caused by mites on the skin, external parasites or even skin and fungal infections. These may cause red bumps or sores to appear on the skin in addition to the hair loss and coat changes. Your vet can take a skin scraping of the area to check for mites and infections, and a preventive flea treatment can remove any external parasites. If an infection or mites are present, your vet can also prescribe an antibiotic or topical cream to treat.

After any treatment it may take a month or two for completely bald patches to grow back in. This is normal as the skin and follicles need some time to heal prior to beginning the hair growth cycle again.

Q. We have a 3 yr old Weiner dog, she is having pus in her eyes, I took her to the vet he gave me derma vet ointment, used it as the doctor prescribed
ANSWER : A. If the pus really isn’t all that bad, and it’s just some discharge, your pup may benefit from a diet change. It could be that the food you’re feeding just isn’t right for your dog, and that’s okay! Dogs grow and change over time, and now that your dog is fully matured, a diet change may be in order. Try something like Taste of the Wild, maybe a grain free dog food, Orijen, or Ziwipeak. These are all really great food options.

If the pus is really bad, and continues to get worse, see your vet again and let them know what’s going on. Maybe you could try a diet change, and then see if there are any improvements.

Remember, you should always gradually change a dogs diet. By gradually, I mean you put a tiny bit of new kibble in with a bowl of the old kibble. Reduce the old kibble by just a few bits of kibble. Throughout the course of at least two weeks (or as long as you want depending on whether or not you want to finish off the old food) you slowly add more of the new kibble while removing some of the old kibble. This makes the process gradual, and won’t cause any tummy-upset in your dog.

Q. My Maltese wasn’t eating her food well. I changed her food a few weeks ago. In the past week she as thrown up multiple times. Could this be the cause
ANSWER : A. You must make sure to slowly transition the food over to the new food. I suggest to people to slowly switch within a 1-2 week period. I would suggest seeing a vet if your dog could be dehydrated or isn’t eating enough food. It may not be related to food and since you were already having issues with the food it would most likely be best to see a vet.

Q. Cat was given predispone and probiatic. Changed food to canned Science Diet. Threw it up did not make to box. What’s wrong?
ANSWER : A. Your cat is certainly undergoing a lot of changes at once which could be causing some digestive upset to occur. If your vet did not recommend the food change, it is a good idea to stick to your current food while your cat continues his or her medication and probiotics for a period. If your vet recommended the change, foods should be switched over a period of a week to prevent digestive upset. Gradually add in more and more of the new food while decreasing the old.

If your cat continues to vomit, he or she may also not be reacting well to the medication or probiotic given. If the vomiting happens more than once, it is best to alert your veterinarian so they can determine if it is safe to continue or if you should change medications.

Q. Cat is deficating on rugs, not litter box. Has never done this until this year. We drove from NY to FL, could there be a connection?
ANSWER : A. Sudden changes in bowel or litter box behavior can be caused by both behavioral or medical reasons. Scheduling a wellness exam with your local vet to rule out any problems (and also to bring in a stool sample) is the best first step. Problems such as digestive upset, constipation, diarrhea or even arthritis in older cats making it harder to get into the box can all cause this problem.

If your cat checks out healthy, it is possible that stress such as another person or pet in the home, age, or environment are causing the problem. Make sure that the litter used is the same, and if it needs to be changed that it is done gradually- cats are very picky about what they like as litter. Making sure bedding, food and water are not too close to the litter can also help as cats do not like to potty near these objects usually. For arthritic cats, a step or lowered box can make getting in and out easier to allow for proper use of the box. Keeping the box clean is also a must for cats.

As for cleaning up accidents, using a product such as an enzymatic cleaner may be helpful. These products break down urine and stool particles left in the accident area, and may deter your cat from using the spot as a bathroom again.