A. Viral diseases are not transmitted to kittens from other species. Bacterial infection or parasite infestation are two theoretical possibilities but there is only a very small chance that the kitten will get into any problems at all.
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People can only become infected with Toxoplasma gondii parasites through contact with infected animal faeces (usually cat faeces). A healthy person does not usually require treatment for toxoplasmosis, as symptoms are mild and usually disappear within a few weeks.
The primary concern regarding Toxoplasma in pigs is that edible tissues become infected with T. gondii and the ingestion of undercooked pork can become a source of infection for humans. Toxoplasma gondii causes infection in most warm-blooded animals including livestock and humans.
However, in kittens and debilitated adult cats, coccidiosis can cause severe watery or mucousy diarrhea, dehydration, abdominal distress, loss of appetite, and vomiting. In severe cases, death may occur.
If cat litter boxes are not regularly cleaned, the urine and feces accumulate and ammonia fumes build up. Ammonia is a toxic gas made from a combination of nitrogen and hydrogen. Living in an atmosphere filled with these ammonia fumes can cause a great deal of respiratory discomfort and problems.
Salmonellosis is the most common bacterial infection transmitted to humans by other animals. Symptoms include fever, muscle aches, headache, vomiting, and diarrhea. Yersiniosis is another bacterial disease that can cause intestinal infections in people.
Cats get Toxoplasma infection by eating infected rodents, birds or other small animals, or anything contaminated with feces from another cat that is shedding the microscopic parasite in its feces. After a cat has been infected, it can shed the parasite for up to two weeks.
Feline treatments for toxoplasmosis usually involve an antibiotic called clindamycin that you can give your cat by mouth. A veterinarian may also prescribe steroid creams or oral steroids for your cat`s eyes or other affected areas. These medications should help symptoms fade within a few days.
Coccidia causes diarrhea and can be fatal, especially in kittens. Clean your cat`s litter box regularly to prevent infections. Keeping cats indoors protects them from coccidia and many other diseases.
Kittens frequently get the parasite from contact with their mother`s bodies while nursing. Infected kittens less than six months old almost always get sick since their immune systems are immature. Coccidia is also frequently passed among cats at shelters.
In addition, cats kept indoors (that do not hunt prey or are not fed raw meat) are not likely to be infected with Toxoplasma. But, if you are pregnant, planning on becoming pregnant, or have a weakened immune system, it is important to protect yourself from infection.
Symptoms of toxoplasmosis include fever, swollen glands and muscle aches. Most people who become infected with Toxoplasma have no symptoms. If people develop symptoms, they usually begin 1 to 3 weeks after being exposed to the parasite. Symptoms usually last for 2 to 4 weeks.
Age: Younger cats were less likely to have antibodies. The likelihood of having Toxoplasma antibodies increased steadily from 1-4 years of age. Hunting.
Intestinal worms cannot live for long outside your cat`s body. Worm eggs can survive for years in soil and poop, though, so it`s always important to wash your hands thoroughly after touching your cat or disposing of their poop.
Once a diagnosis of toxoplasmosis is confirmed, you and your health care provider can discuss whether treatment is necessary. In an otherwise healthy person who is not pregnant, treatment usually is not needed. If symptoms occur, they typically go away within a few weeks to months.
Many common infections are spread by fecal-oral transmission, including E. coli, adenovirus, campylobacter, coxsackie virus, giardia, hepatitis A, Salmonella, and Shigella.
Common ones include roundworms, pinworms, hookworms, tapeworms and liver flukes. Roundworms (Ascaris species) are round and long, and the length can reach 20 cm. They have pointed ends and are light brown or pink in colour. They live in the human small intestine and their eggs are passed out with stool.
Blood tests will determine whether a cat has been exposed to the organism. These tests do not necessarily mean that Toxoplasma is the cause of any disease since most exposed cats do not develop disease; however, high levels of certain antibodies can suggest current infection.
The prevalence of oocyst shedding in cats is very low (0-1%), even though at least 15-40% of cats have been infected with Toxoplasma at some point. This means very few cats at any one time are actually able to pass their infection on to people.
Feed cats only canned or dried commercial food or well-cooked table food, not raw or undercooked meats. Ensure that the cat litter box is changed daily. The Toxoplasma parasite does not become infectious until 1 to 5 days after it is shed in a cat`s feces.
“There is no cat litter that can inactivate Toxoplasma,” says Patricia Conrad, DVM, a parasitology professor and co-director of University of California Global Health Institute`s One Health Center.
It is extremely unlikely that you would pick up toxoplasmosis by petting your cat or being scratched or bitten by your cat, because the organism is not spread by the fur or saliva. You CAN, however, pick up toxoplasmosis by eating undercooked infected meat, particularly lamb and pork.
Another method is the strategic vaccination of cats to reduce environmental contamination by reducing oocyst expulsion. Several studies on T. gondii vaccines for cats have also been conducted86. The T-263 strain completely prevents oocyst-shedding in the tested animals8.
The common presenting symptom of cerebral toxoplasmosis is headache, often accompanied by fever and altered mental status (9). Individuals may also present with visual disturbances, seizures, cranial nerve abnormalities, and sensory disturbances.
The most common symptoms of cryptosporidiosis are fever and diarrhea. Cats will also display intolerance for food, or in more serious cases, will suffer from organ disease. Other symptoms include lethargy and intolerance for exercise.