Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. You need to rule out external parasites or dermatitis first by an examination by your vet. Sometimes young animals do suffer from dry skin and this is normal. You can try adding omega rich oils onto the diets. Pet stores and vets sell various different ones. I used yumega successfully with my dog.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic medical condition that not only affects the scalp but also other areas of the body where oil glands are present. This condition is characterized by dandruff as well as redness of the scalp.
Seborrheic (seb-o-REE-ik) dermatitis is a common skin condition that mainly affects your scalp. It causes scaly patches, inflamed skin and stubborn dandruff. It usually affects oily areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest.
What causes dandruff? It`s caused by dry skin, or the buildup of oil. Skin conditions like seborrheic dermatitis, a weakened immune system, and certain neurological disorders, such as Parkinson`s disease, can also cause dandruff.
The most effective way to treat and control dandruff is to use dandruff shampoo and scalp treatments. Follow these tips from dermatologists to get the best results. Dandruff is a common scalp condition in which small pieces of dry skin flake off of the scalp.
` or “how to cure from dandruff?” and the simple answer to these questions is `no` – it`s a recurring condition and so a one-off treatment won`t get rid of dandruff permanently. That`s because it`s caused by a microbe that`s always present on the scalp – Malassezia globosa.
Do your best to resist the urge to touch your scalp, especially if it`s already itchy. Scratching can increase irritation and lead to a vicious cycle. When you touch and scratch, you can also introduce dirt into the mix that can make dandruff worse.
A healthy scalp constantly produces new skin cells and sheds old ones as part of its normal cycle, but an acceleration in this can lead to excess dead skin and dandruff. While stress is not a direct cause of dandruff, it can exacerbate certain triggers which result in scalp itching and flaking.
Hot water can also cause inflammation on the scalp, which can lead to dandruff, itchiness and hair loss. This occurs because hot water damages the hair follicles and disrupts the natural balance of the scalp.
Helps with dandruff: Dandruff results from a dry scalp, and moisture is needed in order to treat it. “Since showering with cold water helps the scalp retain moisture, this will in turn alleviate dandruff and the irritation that comes with it,” Engelman explains.
Seborrheic dermatitis

It is a severe form of oily skin dandruff. In addition to flakes, this common scalp condition can cause red scaly patches and itching. One of the most effective ways to treat dandruff caused by seborrheic dermatitis is with a shampoo that contains zinc pyrithione.

Dandruff may get worse when you`re stressed or sick. Cold, dry winters can trigger dandruff or make it worse, too. One common cause is seborrheic dermatitis, or seborrhea.
Dermatologists can easily indicate the condition and treatment needed. Seborrheic dermatitis needs close care, including antifungal creams, and pills. Think of dandruff as the beginning stages of seborrheic dermatitis.
Dandruff is very often related to scalp infection with yeast (fungal) organisms, which is why anti-dandruff shampoos, such as Nizoral, contain anti-fungal agents. When dandruff is persistent, it is usually a sign of yeast-overgrowth elsewhere in the body, particularly the gastrointestinal tract.
Whether your hair is short or long, you can still get dandruff. That`s because dandruff is the result of what`s happening on the scalp – in fact, it has very little to do with your hair length.
The frequency of shampooing necessary to control dandruff varies from person to person. Some need to shampoo twice a week, others more frequently, even daily. Many people forget that the scalp as well as the hair needs to be shampooed.
Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis may be caused by many factors, with a nutrient-poor diet being one of them. For instance, low blood levels of zinc, niacin (vitamin B3), riboflavin (vitamin B2), and pyridoxine (vitamin B6) may each play a role (13, 29 , 31).
Unlike dandruff, the plaques of scalp psoriasis often have a silvery sheen and can look like dry scales on the scalp. Dandruff is a less severe chronic condition that affects the scalp. A dry or greasy scale may present on the scalp, and flakes from the scalp may fall onto a person`s shoulders and clothes.
Imbalance and deficiencies of certain vitamins may contribute to an increase in dandruff. Some vitamins are vitamins D, B2, B3, B6, and B7. They are usually associated with a flaky scalp. A deficiency of these vitamins can aggravate the situation and make it harder to deal with.
Cutting back may lower inflammation, minimizing the appearance of flakes. “Sugars and simple carbs might promote more inflammation in our bodies, so it makes sense that eating a low-sugar, antioxidant-rich diet could help control dandruff flares,” Krant says.
Yes, although not the sole cause, some studies have shown that stress can influence flareups of dandruff. In this article, we look at stress as one component of “individual susceptibility” and an Italian study illustrates what was found in an emotionally stressed group of people.
Your hormones control oil production

But when you`re sensitive to oleic acid,sebum production can lead to dandruff. For some,dandruff can appear at times when hormones change, notably during puberty when you begin producing more oils than usual. But remember, dandruff is not caused by hormones alone.

If you get dandruff, brushing will help to massage away those dead skin cells. I would always recommend that people with dandruff brush and wash their hair every day. If you have curly hair, of course, combs are better – most people with curly hair will know this already.
Cold water will close the follicles of the hair as well as the skin`s pores, making it much easier to keep out dirt or any harmful substances that may cause negative effects like dandruff.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Is Folliculitis curable? Vet has me using hydrocortisone cream.
ANSWER : A. Folliculitis is usually a symptom of something underlying, as the inflammation is usually bacterial in origin. Systemic diseases that can lead to bacterial folliculitis include endocrine disorders (such as hypothyroidism and Cushing’s disease in dogs) and disorders of the immune system.

Skin disorders causing bacterial folliculitis in dogs include: canine acne, acral lick granuloma, skin fold pyoderma, interdigital pododermatitis (interdigital cysts), idiopathic furunculosis of German Shepherd Dogs, pyotraumatic folliculitis, and callus dermatitis, among others. In both dogs and cats, allergic skin disease is perhaps the most common cause of bacterial folliculitis. Parasitism and fungal infection of the skin are also common causes.

The diagnosis of bacterial folliculitis is typically made upon visual inspection and often after undertaking one or more of the following diagnostic tests:

Skin scrapings for mites

Skin cytology

Fungal culture

Wood’s lamp examination for fungus (ringworm)

Bacterial culture and sensitivity

Skin biopsy and histopathology

If the medication your vet prescribed does not improve the skin’s condition, make a recheck appointment with your vet for further diagnostics or ask for a referral to a veterinary dermatologist for a more extensive workup.

Q. What can i do for my puppy? She has really dry flaky skin, she’s a 4 months old Chihuahu
ANSWER : A. Dry and flaky skin can be caused by a large number of things ranging from too-frequent of bathing, allergies or external parasites and illness. If your dog is already on medication to prevent external parasites, it may just be that you are actually bathing your puppy too often.

Bathing more frequently than once every few weeks can actually strip the skin and coat of its natural oils, leading to dry skin and a “dandruff” appearance. Bathing less often and using a soothing shampoo such as oatmeal or sensitive skin can help some. In between baths, a pet wipe or baby wipe can be used to clean dirty areas while allowing the skin and coat to regain its natural oils.

If the skin problem persists, or additional symptoms such as redness, itching or hair loss occur, it may indicate a more serious condition which should be examined by your local vet.

Q. I believe my dog has demodex mites, how can I be sure?
ANSWER : A. Unlike most skin parasites, demodex mites do not live on the skin, they live in the hair follicles, therefore it is not possible to spot them on hair or skin. Deep skin scrapings must be performed and it is necessary to visualize the mites under a microscope.

Demodicosis is most commonly seen in puppies and young dogs. Localized forms, which usually affect the skin on face and/or legs, often do not require treatment and symptoms resolve spontaneously.

On the other hand, generalized forms of Demodicosis affect the whole body, causing skin crusting, irritation and hair loss. These forms require treatment, in many cases during several weeks, or even months.

There are various treatment options depending on the severity of symptoms. Demodicosis can be treated with shampoos and other topical skin preparations, spot-on medications, tablets or anti-parasitic injections.

Finally, generalized Demodicosis in adult dogs is the most serious form as it results in suppression of the dog’s immune system. This form of Demodicosis develops secondary to internal diseases like hypothyroidism, Cushing

Q. My dog has dry crusty patches on her skin and she scratches till fur is gone, what can it be?
ANSWER : A. Crusting of the skin, itching and hair loss can all be caused by a number of things, most commonly skin infections (from bacteria, yeast or fungi) or from external parasites. Checking for parasites such as fleas and ticks and then treating them can help the skin. However, if a secondary infection or primary skin infection has occurred (hair loss, redness, itching, hot to the touch or oozing debris) then it is best to have it examined by your local vet. Antibiotics and medicated shampoos will usually help the skin to recover and heal. Until you can get to your vet it is best to prevent your dog from scratching or chewing at the area with the use of an Elizabethan (cone) collar or T-shirt so that she cannot introduce any bacteria into the skin from her tongue or nails.

Read Full Q/A … : Dog Skin & Coat Disorders

Q. What can I get over the counter for Dermatitis in a 18 pound long haired Doxie?
ANSWER : A. Dermatitis can be caused by a number of things in dogs ranging from allergies, skin infections caused by bacteria or fungus, skin dryness from changes in the weather or too frequent bathing or even from external parasites. Determining the cause of the dermatitis first is best before treating it.

If allergies are thought to be the cause, allergy medication can be given to help relieve symptoms. Your vet can provide you with the correct dosage for your dog’s size of over the counter medications. In more serious cases, stronger allergy medications may need to be prescribed. For dry or flaky skin, using a shampoo that is for sensitive skin or oatmeal based can help soothe it. Lowering the frequency of baths and instead using a pet wipe or baby wipe to keep your dog clean will also help sooth the skin. For external parasites, starting on a preventive treatment plan of flea and tick medication will help stop fleas from biting and allow the skin to heal.

If you suspect a more serious causes such as bacterial or fungal infection, or your dog does not improve with treatment, making a wellness check with your vet is best. Your vet can thoroughly examine the skin and may also recommend additional tests to check for any underlying causes such as infection, hormonal imbalance or illness.

Q. My dog has white paw pads with sharp edges that he chews. What is it?
ANSWER : A. There are many reasons for hard skin on feet and pads, from walking on abrasive or irritant surfaces to poor/dry skin and some nutrient deficiencies, especially in certain breeds. Fungal and bacterial infections can also affect the skin on a dogs feet. Hard skin on the pads would likely cause significant irritation to the delicate skin between his toes and cause itching and biting at them. I recommend a high quality, skin specific diet and a full check up to investigate underlying factors. A skin biopsy may be required to diagnose accurately what is going on

Q. We have 2 Boston Terrier mix dogs both female, 6 and 7 y/o. They go to the groomer often and we use an oatmeal shampoo. They seem to scratch a lot!
ANSWER : A. An oatmeal or sensitive skin shampoo is best for the delicate coat and skin a dog has. Bostons and other “smushed nose” breeds can often have itchy skin especially around folds and wrinkles where bacteria can grow. Dogs can also get dry skin if they are bathed too often! Giving a bath less often than every two weeks can help the skin and coat return to better health by allowing the natural coat oils to evenly penetrate the skin. In between baths, and for those wrinkly folds, a pet or baby wipe can help keep the skin clean and free of bacteria and yeast that may cause itchiness.

Read Full Q/A … : Terrier Mix Photos

Q. MY DOG HAS SUDDENLY DEVELOPED TERRIBLE DANDRUFF AND IF YOU DIG THROUGH HIS UNDERCOAT, IT’S COVERED IN YELLOW SCALES/SPOTS. JUST DANDRUFF?
ANSWER : A. Skin problems can have a variety of causes, sometimes more than one. It is important to have the problem checked by your vet to determine if there is a medical cause for your pet’s skin issues and treat accordingly.

In pets of all ages, fleas, food allergies and exposure to chemical irritants such as cleaners and soaps can be a cause. Any one of these may not be enough to trigger the breakouts, depending on how sensitive your pet is, but a combination can be enough to start the itch-scratch cycle. Finding out the cause and eliminating it is the best course of action. With flea allergies, if your pet is sensitive enough, a single bite can cause them to break out scratch enough to tear their skin.

Check for fleas with a flea comb. Look for fleas and/or tiny black granules, like coarse black pepper. This is flea feces, consisting of digested, dried blood. You may find tiny white particles, like salt, which are the flea eggs. Applying a good topical monthly flea treatment and aggressively treating your house and yard will help break the flea life cycle.

If you use plastic bowls, this is a possible cause for hair loss, though this tends to be on the chin, where their skin touches the bowl while they eat. If you suspect this to be the culprit, try changing the bowls to glass, metal or ceramic.

Food allergies are often caused by sensitivity to a protein in the food. Hill’s Science Diet offers some non-prescription options for sensitive skin as well as prescription hypoallergenic foods for more severe cases. Royal Canin carries limited protein diets that may also offer some relief. Your vet can recommend a specific diet that will help.

If there is no relief or not enough, consider getting your pet checked by a veterinary dermatologist and having allergy testing done.