Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. There are two types of mange, one is generally significantly more itchy but both types as a general rule result in hair loss, skin discoloration and irritation. Many other skin disorders can cause similar signs and multiple skin scrapes over various sites with or without blood tests are required to diagnose conclusively

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Initially, a dog with sarcoptic mange scratches constantly, making the skin under the fur red and irritated. Over time though, sarcoptic mange leads to hair loss, open sores or scabs, and crusting or thickening of the skin. The open sores may get infected and become smelly.
Symptoms of mange in dogs

Mange symptoms will vary depending on the type of mite involved: Sarcoptic mange: Intense itching, hair loss and skin infections. Demodectic mange: Hair loss, skin thickening and skin infections.

Symptoms of mange include: severe itching, particularly at night. skin rash, sometimes called “scabies rash” raised, skin-colored or grayish-white tracts, bumps, or blisters on the surface of the skin, caused from burrows created by female mites.
Therefore, even a small amount of contact with a dog that has sarcoptic mange can lead to transmission to you or your dog, and it takes only a few bites to cause severe itching and hair loss.
Mange is a skin condition caused by mites. It typically affects dogs, but some forms can also affect humans. The most common type of mange in dogs is sarcoptic mange, also called canine scabies. Humans can catch sarcoptic mange from dogs, but the mites involved cannot complete their life cycle in human skin.
Does mange go away on its own? Demodectic mange can resolve on its own in mild cases. It usually takes 1-2 months for mild, localized infections to resolve spontaneously.
A number of other skin conditions (e.g. dermatitis, wheals, blisters, nodules) may be confused with mange and must be considered in differential diagnoses, including those resulting from allergic reactions to other kinds of mites, various arthropod bites, fungal diseases, or reactions to physical or chemical aspects of …
Treatment of Mange In Dogs

Both scabies and demodex will require treatments to heal the skin and control the mites. Some people are tempted to treat the condition without expert guidance, but it`s prudent to see a veterinarian because even a mild case can grow quickly.

If your dog has a parasite, such as mange or fleas, their paws may itch, causing them to lick.
Unfortunately, the condition is highly contagious amongst dogs, other animals and even humans. This means owners could catch the condition from their dog. And dogs can spread it between themselves and the mites can infest the home as they can live on furniture, carpet and bedding.
2) Generalized demodectic mange affects larger areas of skin, sometimes the entire body. This becomes extremely itchy if there are secondary bacterial infections. The skin may also become foul-smelling.
Despite the rarity of sarcoptic mange, it can affect both indoor and outdoor cats. Mange spreads quickly in groups of stray cats, due to their unsanitary living conditions.
Sarcoptic mange is contagious to humans. This type of scabies is not the same as human scabies, however. Extremely itchy bumps may occur within 24 hours and may persist for up to 3 weeks after exposure. Sarcoptic mites are not able to complete their life cycle on human skin, so they will eventually die.
Dog hair and fur will grow back after mange unless scar tissue has formed and the hair follicle is damaged. After mange, it could take 6 to 30 weeks for the dog fur to grow back fully. Health, age, dog breed, and shedding seasons can impact the fur regrowth timeline.
If the mange is not diagnosed and treated, the sores can spread over the entire body. Dogs with longterm, recurring mange develop oily dandruff (seborrhea), severe thickening of the skin with wrinkling and crust build-up, and oozing, weeping sores. Dogs affected this severely can become emaciated and may even die.
The Demodectic Mange Remedies Method

Regularly shampoo your dog with a hypoallergenic shampoo to relieve irritated, itchy skin. Massage the skin to move all mite crusts and debris to the surface, and slough them off. Rinse off with powerful spray to remove all debris and open pores for medications.

However, when something – such as stress, illness, or old age – weakens your dog`s immune system, the mites can multiply out of control and cause demodectic mange. Puppies are also most commonly affected while their immune system matures.
What`s That Smell? Dogs with sarcoptic mange often smell bad — not because of the mites themselves, but because bacteria and yeast take advantage of the situation. Mangy dogs will develop a strong, musty, unpleasant odor – with a particularly foul smell coming from their ears.
What are the symptoms of sarcoptic mange in dogs? The mites prefer hairless skin, so the first areas normally affected on a dog will be the insides of the ears, armpits and belly. Your dog will be itchy and the skin will become red and inflamed.
The mites cannot be seen and the bites are not felt, but leave itchy red marks that can resemble a skin rash. When itch mite populations `explode,` people and other animals may receive numerous bites. Fortunately, the mites cannot live on humans, do not survive indoors, and are not known to transmit disease.
Honey. Honey is one of the best natural ingredients for mange treatment because of its antibacterial and antifungal properties. It is safe to handle and safe for the dog. However, you don`t want to cover the entire body in honey, as it could quickly lick it off.
What Is Mange in Dogs? Mange is a skin disease caused by mites found at the hair follicles. It is caused by two different types of mites and can be contagious and zoonotic (transmitted from animals to humans). The two types of mange include sarcoptic mange and demodectic mange.
You don`t have to have a filthy house or yard for your dog to contract mange. Sarcoptic mange is extremely contagious, and is easily contracted from direct contact with an infected dog, or indirect contact with fox feces, mite infested fur, or crusts in the environment.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Rescued a dog almost two weeks ago, and now that her kennel cough is gone her personality shines!! No previous training, how should I start?
ANSWER : A. POST FOUR:

After your dog is familiar with the behavior you lured from scratch, and taught to your dog, you can start to use the “no-reward marker” I talked about. What you do is ask the dog to perform the behavior, and if the dog does not perform the behavior, you simply say your no-reward marker (choose one: eh-eh, hey, uh-oh, oops) show them the treat, put it behind your back, and BRIEFLY ignore your dog. Just turn your back for a second or two, before turning back to your dog and saying, “let’s try that again.” When you’re ready to start over with your dog, make sure you move around. If you are repeating the same cue while in the same position, while your dog is in the same position, you are likely to receive the same results. The more you move around, and start fresh, the better your chances are of having your dog listen to your cue the second time around. BIG rewards when they dog it successfully! Lots of praise and treats.

My no-reward marker is “hey.” When my dog does something wrong I say, “hey” and she immediately understands that she needs to offer a different behavior. This is clear to her. I don’t have to say it in a mean way, I simply say, “hey” in a normal tone of voice and she understands what the word means.

Once you’ve built up that connection and communication with your new dog, you can work on all kinds of fun behaviors! I personally enjoy the more zen-like behaviors: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruy9UMcuGh8

I like to teach my dog fun tricks that offer her a “job” to do of sorts like object retrieval: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4iertZSva8

(object retrieval training completed; what it looks like: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jx0Dml28FGY)

Scent-games are fun too! Very confidence building. Hide a REALLY smelly treat in a box, and place that box in a line of boxes. Let your dog go in the room while saying something like “search!” or “find it!” and watch them hunt for that smelly treat! Lots of rewards when they find it!

Q. What do whipworms in cats look like?
ANSWER : A. Whipworms are usually found upon inspection of the stool under a microscope as they can be hard to see macroscopically. Worms that are more common to see in the stool are roundworms (long spaghetti-like strands) and tapeworms (small rice-grain segments). However in large infestations they can appear as long, skinny, hair-like worms that are white or pinkish in color. Whipworms have a characteristic egg shape (they look like little footballs with knobs on the end) when looked at under a microscope and this is usually the way your vet determines if an infection is present.

If you think your cat may have internal parasites, bringing in a sample of his stool to your vet for a fecal exam is best. Your vet can then provide you with the correct worm type present and right type of dewormer to give.

Q. My dog has ear mites and mange. Have been using Revolution Selamectin on her for 40 days now, but ears are badly sore at the top, next to head
ANSWER : A. If the mites and mange have not begun to clear up yet with the current treatment, it may be a good idea to speak with your vet about attempting a different treatment. Ivermectin is typically the main treatment for mange, while a topical ear solution is used for ear mites, however there are some alternate choices if those do not work or your dog cannot use ivermectin products (it should never be given to collie dogs).

Mange and mites can take a long time to recover until the skin begins to heal, and even if the underlying mite issue is resolved, the skin may have a secondary bacterial or fungal infection causing the sores to appear. Additional treatment or testing of the area can help. Ear mites are also very contagious and can be passed back and forth from pet to pet, so if you have other pets in the house, treating them for ear mites at the same time can help break the cycle and prevent them from spreading back and forth.

In some dogs, Demodetic mange *can* be genetic, making it more likely to be chronically there for a longer period of time. English Sheepdogs and Shar Pei dogs as well as other dogs with large folds in the skin may be more prone to this type.

Q. Yellow lab F, approx 9-10 yrs. Sudden onset of extreme redness in one eye, now seems to have spread to other over 24-48 hrs. Healty, active, good app.
ANSWER : A. This could be a bacterial conjunctivitis. Dogs can pass these infections around, just like people can. The fact that it started in one eye and moved to the other suggests infection, but I can’t rule out something more serious like glaucoma. I feel like anytime a dog’s eye gets acutely red like this it’s cause for alarm, and needs to be checked out as soon as possible. Like I said above, it’s likely a simple eye infection, but get it checked out to be sure.

Read Full Q/A … : Vetinfo

Q. 5 Yr old female cat change in behavior last 2 mos: hides, sleeps all the time, meows when touched, decrease appetite; last 1-2 wks wobbley.
ANSWER : A. While I think neurologic disease is certainly a concern based on what you’re describing, and should be ruled out with a good neuro exam (full examination of spinal reflexes and cranial nerves), a cat that sleeps all the time and is wobbly could have many things going on. What you’re describing sounds like generalized weakness to me, and that could be caused by heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, anemia (lots of causes to this) or metabolic/hormonal conditions like diabetes. Often cats “look” neurologic when in fact they’re just really weak.

However, as far as specific neurologic conditions that might cause what you’re seeing, chronic ear infections or a polyp in the inner or middle ear can affect the vestibular nerve and affect balance, some drugs if used long term (metronidazole) can cause it as well. Other things include intervertebral disk disease (slipped disk), cancer in the spinal cord, thiamine deficiency (not a problem if your cat eats a commercially-prepared diet) and feline infectious peritonitis.

Unfortunately the only way to start figuring out what’s going on is likely with lab work (complete blood count, chemistry panel, and urinalysis) and x-rays for starters (likely of the spine). And as I said above a good neuro exam is critical to starting to figure out whether it’s a neuro problem or not. Your vet will possibly recommend other tests based on the initial results. If you’d like to consult further about exactly what’s going on with your cat select the “consult” button.

Q. What is the best dog that will wrestle and is easily party trained and loves water and retreats fish and isfluffy not long hairy and white
ANSWER : A. Even within individual breeds, a dog’s personality will vary greatly depending on how it is trained and taken care of. Reading up about breeds you are interested in, as well as basic training material may give you a better idea as to what type of dog you’d like. Visiting a local animal shelter may also help you find a mixed breed or even purebred dog that fits your needs looks-wise as well as personality-wise!

If you want a dog that is a retriever type, then looking at breeds such as Labradors, Golden Retrievers, or even Portuguese Water Dog types may give you some direction as where to look. You can look up breed personality and visual traits by visiting a website such as the AKC, and looking in the Sporting group.

Q. What do cat worms look like? My cat has been vomiting and I found a green/brown worm in it. What can it be?
ANSWER : A. There are two most common worms in cats: tapeworm and roundworm. Tapeworms are small, look like a square segments when roundworms are long and thin (they look like spaghetti). Most of the good quality worming medications contain ingredients that kill all types of intestinal worms in cats.

Q. My cats nose is stopped up on antibiotics. She has a loss of appetite, acting normal though. Is 3 ounces of can food enough in 24h? 9 pound cat
ANSWER : A. Cats with stopped up noses tend to eat much less, as you’ve noted, because they can’t smell their food as well. And the smell of food is pretty important to a cat’s appetite. You can start by warming up the food in a microwave – not too hot, test it yourself by putting your finger right in the center, as the temperature of microwave food can vary – as this will intensify the smell and hopefully make your cat more interested.

Saline nose drops, like those that are used on little kids, are safe to use on a cat to clean the discharge that is dried around and in the nose. There’s a brand called Little Noses that’s available in the U.S. That I like. You can put it on a q-tip and try to remove the debris. Humidifying the air with a humidifier can help as well, or you can put the cat in the bathroom and run the shower enough to generate steam. Don’t use “real” nose drops like Neo-synephrine or anything else like that – cats quickly build up resistance to them.

A 3 oz can of food is an OK amount in 24 hours, but do try the techniques above to help your cat get more interested in food. You might also try some baby food – no garlic or onions in the ingredients – as cats usually really like the taste of it.