Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Most often it is PT and aPTT as these blood tests are widely available and in most occasions are diagnostic for rodenticide intoxication.If the results are not conclusive your vet may send blood off to external laboratory for full coagulation profile.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

A blood test showing abnormal blood clotting can confirm the diagnosis. Anticoagulant rodenticide intoxication can be successfully treated. The antidote is vitamin K, but not the type of vitamin K available in a health food store; a prescription is required.
Poisoned rabbits often become lethargic and weak, and may lose their appetite. Some develop obvious abdominal pain and breathing difficulties. Rabbits with these signs may die, even with treatment.
Your vet can also do a test. There`s no single test that will identify which rat poison your dog ate. Your vet will run tests based on their expertise, your dog`s symptoms and any information you can provide. Anticoagulants – Usually blood clotting tests show how well your dog`s blood clots.
Treatment of Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison in Dogs

Since this type of poison doesn`t have an antidote, your vet will administer IV fluids and diuretics, steroids and other drugs to lower the calcium levels in the animals` body. To prevent kidney failure, it`s crucial to start the treatment as soon as possible.

Rats are often used to study behaviour in psychology experiments. Their brains are larger than mice, and the animals are less timid and more intelligent.
Answer: The rodenticide baits are only labeled for rats and mice and meant to attractant these types of rodents. That is not to say that it won`t attract other rodents such as a rabbit and if a rabbit was to eat enough of the bait they would die. 97 of 143 people found this answer helpful.
Most cases of poisoning are diagnosed in pets that have signs of bleeding and a known or suspected exposure to anticoagulant rodenticides. Blood work to assess blood clotting times, red blood cell and platelet counts are often performed.
Call your vet immediately as they will be in the best position to offer advice, don`t waste time trying to treat your dog yourself. Don`t give your dog anything to make them sick without speaking to your vet as this could do more harm than good.
If your dog ate rat poison, signs can vary dramatically and will depend on the location of bleeding. Signs may include bleeding from the gums, blood in the stool (or black tarry stool), blood in the urine, lethargy, weakness, coughing, shortness of breath, seizures, difficulty walking and potentially sudden death.
Even if your rats are well, it`s still a good idea to take them for regular check-ups with the vet. Ask the vet to check if their teeth are growing correctly and get advice on protecting their health, such as through vaccination, worming and neutering.
Rat poison treatment and Vitamin K Therapy will cost anywhere between $1,000 and $3,000. Depending on how many office visits your dog requires, the type of initial treatment, and how long your dog will need Vitamin K therapy, this cost could be higher. An office visit with your veterinarian should cost about $50.
For medical products such as vaccines, drugs, and medical devices, rabbits are used to test pyrogenicity (the ability of the product to induce a fever).
“Unlike the PCR test, the antigen test can only determine if you have an active virus in your body. The rapid test can`t detect small amounts of the virus or asymptomatic cases as accurately as the PCR test can,” Heather said.
There are several methods used to test blood and urine for anticoagulant rodenticides. But many of the methods are time consuming or inefficient. Part of the problem is how the sample is cleaned up before analysis.
Once the rat consumes the poison it can take 2–3 days for the rodent to die. Incidentally, once a rat is poisoned it will stop feeding and this greatly reduces the risk of secondary poisoning. However, as mentioned above the effectiveness of the poison depends on several factors: Placing the poison correctly.
RatX® has a number of advantages that make it an excellent choice for efficient, effective, and environmentally-friendly rodent extermination. Aside from its overall efficacy and humane rodent-killing process, RatX® pellets are also 100% safe for people, pets, livestock and wildlife.
If you think your rabbit has been poisoned

Stay calm and remove your rabbit(s) from the source of poison. Contact your vet immediately – say when, where and how it happened. If possible, you can carefully take the packaging, plant or substance to the vet, but only if you can do this safely.

It can take as long as 10 days for a rodent to die after consuming rodenticides. During this time, they can experience nosebleeds and blood in their urine and feces and also can develop mange. They may even become an easier target for some predators as their health fails.
Poisoning rats is an inhumane way to them to die. Depending on how fast they ingest the poison, they`re slowly bleeding to death and in suffering. If their predators eat the poisoned rats, they have a higher likelihood of a slow death themselves. The same applies to your pets.
All rodenticides can be toxic to mammals and birds when eaten. Most rodenticides are also toxic when breathed in or touched. People, pets, and wildlife can suffer from serious health effects after exposure to just a single dose of rodenticide.
While you seek treatment, try to keep your rabbit hydrated and warm. A syringe with water or soft foods (applesauce or baby food) can assist. Depending on the condition, your vet may prescribe prescription medication to help your rabbit`s condition.
However, its use in rabbits is not recommended due to reported toxic effects, including seizures, tremors, anorexia, lethargy, and death, especially in young, debilitated, and underweight rabbits (Cooper and Penaliggon, 1997; Beck, 2000; Johnston, 2008; Fehr and Koestingler, 2013; Petriz and Chen, 2018).
PCR—Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests detect Leptospira spp. DNA. Whole blood and urine are tested simultaneously to allow for diagnosis of sick animals in the early stages of infection and for the detection of urinary shedding in sick animals.
The principle behind DNA-PCR is that each organism has a unique section of DNA that is just like a fingerprint. When the unique DNA sequence of a particular organism is known, a diagnostic probe can be created. Then, using DNA-PCR, the probe can search the sample to determine if the organism of concern is present.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. Vet is saying our dog has heartworm based on a sonogram. All tests are negative and he has no cough. I am very confused
ANSWER : A. Very rarely, a dog can have a heartworm infection and still test negative on an antigen test since the antigen tested for is produced only by the female worms. If the heartworms were not fully mature, or there were only male worms present, the antigen test result in infected animals would be falsely negative. This means the test result is negative when the animal is really infected.

An antibody test will be positive even if only one male worm is present. But this test has a downfall, too. Although it is very good at giving positive results when an infection is present, a positive antibody test just means the animal has been exposed to heartworms, but may or may not currently have heartworm disease. A negative antibody test means the animal has never been exposed to heartworms.

If they are actually seeing the heartworms via ultrasound, I would follow precautions by restricting exercise. This requirement might be difficult to adhere to, especially if your dog is accustomed to being active. But your dog’s normal physical activities must be restricted as soon as the diagnosis is confirmed, because physical exertion increases the rate at which the heartworms cause damage in the heart and lungs. The more severe the symptoms, the less activity your dog should have. And the diagnosis should be confirmed. Once a dog tests positive on an antigen test, the diagnosis should be confirmed with an additional—and different—test. Because the treatment regimen for heartworm is both expensive and complex, your veterinarian will want to be absolutely sure that treatment is necessary.

Q. Which common foods are poisonous to pets?
ANSWER : A. That’s a great question. As responsible pet owners we need to be aware of food items that can be harmful to our canine or feline companions. Here are some of the most common foods proven to cause illness in our animals at home:

Chocolate: A favorite and irresistible treat amongst most humans, chocolate is considered toxic to dogs. In very small amounts it is usually not a huge issue, but with larger volumes and with darker chocolates pet owners should be concerned. Chocolate contains methylxanthine theobromine, which is similar to caffeine. Chocolate ingestion can cause vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity, issues with normal heartbeats, seizures, and in some severe cases, death. It is best to keep your favorite chocolate treats in a good hiding spot and out of reach of your dog or cat.

Grapes and raisins: Dogs should not consume grapes and raisins because of the risk of acute kidney failure. Most dogs experiencing grape or raisin toxicity will begin to have vomiting and/or diarrhea within 6-12 hours of ingestion. Other abnormal clinical signs include lethargy, abdominal pain, dehydration, and tremors. Kidney failure develops within 24-72 hours of the initial ingestion. There are some dogs that do not experience these devastating side effects. It is best to contact your veterinarian or veterinary emergency facility if you believe your pet has ingested grapes or raisins.

Garlic and onions: We often forget that our meals contain these two popular ingredients and will allow our furry companions a few bites or licks. Onion and garlic both can cause a type of poisoning that results in damage to red blood cells, making them more likely to rupture. They can also cause stomach upset and mouth irritation. Look for pale gums, increased breathing or drooling or any vomiting or diarrhea.

Bread dough: Unbaked bread dough is considered poisonous to our pets. The bread dough, when ingested, expands in the stomach because of the warm and moist environment. This can lead to a bloated or even twisted stomach. In addition yeast is often added to our baking products to help get bread to rise, and when this yeast is fermented it produces both carbon dioxide and alcohol. The alcohol produced can be absorbed into the bloodstream and causes dangerous drops in blood sugar, blood pressure and body temperature. Common clinical signs include vomiting or retching, distension of the stomach, weakness and collapse.

Macadamia nuts: Ingestion of these nuts are not proven to be fatal in dogs but can cause them to experience uncomfortable clinical sings, including fever, joint stiffness, vomiting, tremors and difficulty walking, especially in their hind legs. Often your pet will start to feel better after about 48 hours, but supportive veterinary care (such as pain medication) may help ease their discomfort.

Xylitol: The most common ingredient used in sugar-free gum is xylitol, which is a non-caloric sweetener. It is also found in some oral rinses, toothpastes and vitamins. Xylitol and dogs do not mix – it can cause a dangerous drop in blood sugars levels. Dogs will often display signs of disorientation, black tarry stool, tremors and seizures. If severe enough some dogs have developed liver failure. Keep your gum away from your canine companion.

Avocados: Avocados are not actually poisonous to dogs or cats but as many veterinarians can tell you the avocado pits can cause a foreign body obstruction. Avocados contain persin, which is actually toxic to the majority of pet birds. The abnormal clinical signs associated with avocado ingestion in birds include, respiratory distress, inability to perch, liver and kidney failure and sudden death.

Go forth and enjoy your favorite foods, but keep in mind which foods you should avoid sharing with your furry family members. Whenever in doubt, contact your veterinarian for healthy and safe food suggestions.

Q. What tests are run at the vet to determine whether a rabbit has ingested rat poison?
ANSWER : A. Most often it is PT and aPTT as these blood tests are widely available and in most occasions are diagnostic for rodenticide intoxication.If the results are not conclusive your vet may send blood off to external laboratory for full coagulation profile.

Q. My dog has been tested for Cushing’s. Her test came back affirming possible Cushing’s but she doesn’t have symptoms, only panting. What if untreated?
ANSWER : A. Cushing’s Disease can result in a wide range of symptoms from panting, changes in thirst and urination, hair loss along the flanks, and even skin and body changes. If it hasn’t been done already, there are more specific blood tests that can be done to confirm a Cushing’s diagnosis if your dog’s previous bloodwork was on the fence regarding it. Urine cortisol tests, Dex-suppression tests and ACTH stimulation tests are all specific tests that can confirm a Cushing’s diagnosis.

There are also two forms of Cushing’s, one based on a pituitary problem and one caused by prolonged use of corticosteroids. If your dog has been on a long-term steroid medication, your vet may wish to discontinue or test again after a period to confirm the diagnosis.

Not treating Cushing’s can result in permanent changes to the skin and coat, and may also cause problems with the bladder and kidneys. As it is a metabolic disease, leaving it untreated may also cause other metabolic issues further in the future. Treatment is usually just a daily medication to bring the hormones in the body back to normal.

Q. What happens if my dog eats a rat that has died from ingesting antifreeze? Will he ethylene glycol kill the dog too, or is it digested enough by then?
ANSWER : A. I have to say I have never been presented with this question, nor do I see anything like it in any of my veterinary resources. Dogs eat rats that have been exposed to rat poison all the time, and that’s not usually enough to cause harm in the dog. However, because I cannot tell you with any certainty about how a rat’s body metabolizes antifreeze and whether it is toxic by secondary ingestion, I would most certainly take your dog in for blood work today and an exam to make sure that he is OK.

Q. Could it be possible that a 100lb Labrador ingest rat poison and only begin to show symptoms 9 days later?
ANSWER : A. Yes, it is possible. If you think your dog may have eaten rat poison you should take him/her to your vet for a blood test – this will rule in/out rat bait intoxication.

Q. What are the ways and/or steps to become a veterinarian?
ANSWER : A. Being a veterinarian is a rewarding career, but does involve a lot of schooling, experience and knowledge. Many people try out veterinary medicine through being a tech or assistant first, then continue on to veterinary school if they decide that is the path for them. If you are still in high school, the best way to start gaining experience is just by volunteering at your local animal shelter. Some clinics will also hire kennel technicians, a good starting job that gets you into a clinic and viewing procedures while working your way up. You can major in anything you want in college, however there are class prerequisites that must be met to apply for vet school. Majoring in a degree program such as biology, zoology or animal sciences often meets these requirements without having to take extra classes. Working summers as a tech or assistant, staying active in local animal groups and maintaining a high GPA will make you an ideal candidate. Once you are ready to apply for vet school you will need to take a GRE which is an exam graduate and medical schools use to determine how well you might do. Vet schools tend to look for applicants who are active in the community, have experience and have good grades. If considered, you will then have an interview to determine if you’re a good fit! Vet school itself requires four years, the first two focused on classroom and theory subjects such as anatomy, physiology and pathology. Your third year becomes more hands on with lots of labs and “shadowing” of vets in the school. Fourth year is usually entirely clinical rotations to give you a taste of all the things veterinary medicine offers!

Q. My dog cracked his nail horizontally, I put neosporine on it with gauze and a sock for no snagging. What should I do and what would a vet cost?
ANSWER : A. It depends on how deep it’s cut and if it’s going to snag on something and rip the entire nail off. It would probably be best to go to the vet now rather than later when a more serious injury occurs. The cost really depends on where you live and what the vet decides to do. I really can’t give much of an estimate other than the initial cost of a sick exam (which also varies from vet to vet). Call the vet and when you make the appointment ask how much a sick exam costs, that will be your initial payment (Amount just to see the vet).