Experienced and professional animal trainer provide their insights in answering this question :
A. Discuss this with your vet. There are medications that can help control seizures, but they need to be prescribed and monitored by a vet.

How to Identify Common Pet Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced pet care professionals :

Epilepsy is an inherited condition in which the first signs of seizure activity usually begin in the 2-5 year old range. Very young (4-10 week old) toy-breed puppies often suffer from hypoglycemia (very low blood sugar) which can reach the point of seizures.
Approximately 40-60 percent of dogs with epilepsy have one or more episodes of cluster seizures or status epilepsy, and a mean lifespan of only 8 years, compared to 11 years for those with epilepsy without episodes status epilepsy.
In dogs from about one to six or seven years of age, typically the most common cause is epilepsy. Dogs older than seven that come up with seizures, unfortunately this is often related to something outside of epilepsy, scary things like a brain tumor, liver disease or some other problem.
Postictal: Immediately following the seizure. Pets are confused, disoriented, restless, temporarily blind and want to drink a lot. Pets should not be left alone during this time and should be kept away from stairs. Can last anywhere from one hour to one to two days.
Most seizures will stop within minutes on their own. If your doctor has prescribed “rescue medication” for seizures lasting five minutes or longer, be prepared. Know where the medication is and how to give it to your child. Store the medications securely at room temperature.
About one in every 25 children will have at least one febrile seizure. Young children between the ages of about 6 months and 5 years old are the most likely to have febrile seizures.
There are many causes of seizures. Idiopathic epilepsy, the most common cause of seizures in the dog, is an inherited disorder, but its exact cause is unknown. Other causes include liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumors, brain trauma, and toxins.

There are several different anti-convulsants available for dogs. Zonisamide has become the most popular, as it works well with minimal side effects. Phenobarbital, potassium bromide, and levetiracetam (Keppra) are other medications your veterinarian may discuss with you.

We advise starting an antiepileptic drug if your pet has an average of two or more seizures per month, has one seizure that is very prolonged (more than five minutes), or has seizures which occur in a “cluster” (two or more seizures in one 24 hour period).
If your dog had a first-time seizure or has multiple seizures within 24 hours, consider it an emergency. “Seek veterinary care immediately if your pet does not have a history of seizures and is having cluster seizures or prolonged grand mal seizures,” suggests Dr. Frione.
You can quietly talk to your dog during a seizure, but avoid hugging your dog, and keep in mind that petting isn`t necessarily helpful. Dogs are unaware and don`t respond appropriately during a seizure, so attempts to comfort them with pats or kisses can go awry.
Stay with your dog, but away from their mouth. You may calm your dog by speaking softly and petting them. Be ready to go. If the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, call your veterinarian or veterinary emergency clinic immediately.
Pain during seizures is rare . Some types of seizures make you lose consciousness. In this case, you won`t feel pain during the seizure. If you do feel pain, it`s usually caused by the side effects of a seizure.
Infantile spasms, also known as West syndrome, are rare. This is a severe type of epilepsy syndrome that begins in children who are 3 to 12 months old. These seizures consist of a sudden jerking movement followed by stiffening. Sometimes a child with infantile spasms flings their arms out as the body bends forward.
If left untreated, severe dehydration can be serious and cause fits (seizures), brain damage and death.
Yes, seizures can cause permanent damage in dogs. Seizures can cause damage to the brain, leading to problems with memory, communication, and coordination. Seizures can also cause physical damage, such as tremors or loss of muscle control. In severe cases, seizures can even cause death.
Postictal phase: After the seizure, many dogs exhibit a postictal phase characterized by disorientation. This may last minutes to hours. The most commonly reported signs are behavior changes, prolonged sleepiness, confusion, transient blindness, and eating voraciously.
They`re searching for a scent that no human can detect: the scent of an epileptic seizure. We`ve long known that dogs can detect seizures in humans in some cases 45 minutes before they occur. That`s one reason why organizations like Handi`chiens in France provide service dogs for people with epilepsy.
Dog Seizure Triggers

Seizures are, for example, often triggered by: Stress. Anxiety. Diet (where a specific type of food or a change of diet may, for instance, trigger an episode)

Generalized seizure or grand mal seizure. These are the most common types of seizures in dogs. A dog can lose consciousness and convulse and these last anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes. The disturbance of the seizure occurs in all parts of the brain.
Don`t leave your dog on his own for too long

Being left alone for too long can upsetting for your dog and bring on a seizure.

Let Your Dog Eat or Drink

Your dog may also be extremely hungry or thirsty after a seizure. Don`t force him to eat or drink, but let him do so if he seems alert and is able to stand on his feet without wobbling or seeming confused.

Give a Snack. After dogs come out of a seizure, a little all-natural vanilla ice cream, honey, or natural maple syrup will help to raise their sugar levels back up. Follow with a protein such as little kibble, cheese stick, a spoonful of cottage cheese, chicken, etc. to help stabilize those sugar levels.
Seizures happen when brain neurons misfire, causing the dog to shake or jerk uncontrollably. A triggering reason for this could be that seizures often happen during times of changing brain activity – excitement, feeding, sleeping – which can trip up the dog`s brain circuits and cause a seizure.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Q. 6yr. old Chihuahua. At 4 she had 1) seisure. 2) in Dec.,’15 – 3) in 4 or 5 days. Maybe 2) min. Dur. Time. ? Pls. Help! $$ are a PROBLEM!!! Medicare $
ANSWER : A. There are many causes of seizures. At 6 years old she could have epilepsy, but other causes include toxin exposure, liver disease, low blood sugar (typically caused by pancreatic cancer), something taking up space inside the skull (like a brain tumor), or meningitis. Seizures can be costly to work up, as we typically start with blood work in order to look for some of the things I just mentioned, and hopefully rule out the really scary things (like brain tumors) before we get to the diagnosis of epilepsy.

If she has epilepsy it can be treated with anti-seizure medications quite successfully. Many dogs live very normal lives with epilepsy. Left untreated the seizures will likely get more and more frequent, and there’s a very real danger that she could have what’s called status epilepticus, which means the seizures can’t be stopped. I urge you to talk to some senior resources in your area – there are many organizations that help seniors with veterinary care. You can also call your local humane society, which may have some options for you in that department as well.

Read Full Q/A … : ufdc.uflib.ufl.edu

Q. Does an indoor cat need to be vaccinated every year?
ANSWER : A. In practice, I recommend a feline combo vaccine every year, but will generally start administering every 3 years once they have had their kitten vaccines and 2 additional yearly vaccines. Rabies, is required yearly by law, and if kept up to date can be good for up to three years also. Based on the age of your cat I would give a yearly feline combo and rabies, and then boost the combo again next year.

Q. I have a 13 1/2 year old Shih Tzu. How old is he in dog years?
ANSWER : A. It’s used to be that dog years were 7 years to every 1. Now it normally around 5 years to every year as long as your dog is healthy and kept up with vaccines. So he’s about 68ish in dog years.

Read Full Q/A … : Shih Tzu Age

Q. My 9 year old lab has tested positive for heart worms. A feed store owner told me I could use Noromectin (ivermectin) to get rid of them? Is it safe?
ANSWER : A. The feed store owner is taking about the “slow kill” method for adult heartworms. This method is the considered an alternate method that has the following disadvantages over the normal immiticide treatment:
1) Takes years (often-times up to 2-4 years) to completely rid heartworms vs immiticide treatment which takes at most 3 months
2) Slowly kills baby worms only in the bloodstream, does not kill adult worms in the heart. Immiticide kills the adult worms that are in the heart directly which is why it is so effective.
3) Higher risk of thromboembolism (clots in the lung artery) than Immiticide treatment.
4) Adult worms will stay in the heart for years and can impede blood flow.
So that is the gist of doing the slow kill method for baby heartworms instead of the fast kill method with Immiticide for adult heartworms. Which is why most veterinarians will recommend the fast kill method as the best choice for your pets care.

Q. I have 2 male cats 1 is 10 year’s old and the other is 1 year old they both have been fix and have all there shorts the 1 year old wants to bit
ANSWER : A. Your question got cut off; please re-post or request a consult if you require advice on a specific query

Q. I was wondering what would be the best dog for a nine-year-old 14-year-old and a nine-year-old that cannot walk
ANSWER : A. You should pick a gentle, no agressive, inteligent dog. some breeds are predisposed to this kind of character but you should always asses the single animal and its behaviour. You can choose from family breeds like labs, shephards, retrievers.

Read Full Q/A … : Caring for an Elderly Dog

Q. My male pet rat is 2 years old. He has lost loads of weight and has invisible lumps all over his body.
ANSWER : A. He should be seen by your vet or a vet experienced in treating pocket pets. At 2 years old, he is considered a “senior aged” rat. A simple needle aspirate biopsy submitted for pathology can frequently determine the makeup of most lumps.

Q. Approx 8 years old, had her for 4 years, last couple months has been peeing in/out of her box on furniture,blankets,etc. Never had this behavior.
ANSWER : A. Most of the time when a cat is peeing on your personal belongings such as your bed or piles of clothing/blankets the cat is telling you it is upset about something. Try to think of what could have happened that brought change to the cat’s life. Such as a new baby, new house, new pet, change in routine. New food, new liter, ect. I would try to address what was the change if possible. Make sure to keep the box clean and try adding more boxes. 1 box per cat and 1 box per house story. (2 story house 2 cats = 2-4 boxes).